I have removed a motor from our old Hotpoint tvf770p tumble dryer. The motor was working fine (the rear drum bearing had worked through the bearing and rear casing). I am considering using it on my son's blower for his forge (he's a blacksmith). The motor has three wires, the black and red wires go through the capacitor while there is also a separate white wire. Does anyone know: a) what is the white wire, b) how do I wire it up? The tumbler had a reverse drum cycle so I suspect it may be something to do with changing the motor's direction of rotation. enter image description here

  • I'd guess it is a 3 phase motor, so you need all wires to power it, not just the red and black one.
    – Huisman
    Oct 28 '19 at 20:57
  • 1
    Nope.....single phase, 240volts.
    – Tex
    Oct 28 '19 at 21:09
  • Usually there have 3 terminal twin caps in one (start/run): find the service manual Oct 28 '19 at 21:58
  • Just because the dryer ran from 240v/1ph does not mean the motor is definitely single-phase. In some usage cases, BLK-RED-WHT is synonymous with U,V,W. Tony's right, the service manual is likely the only source of correct information. Can likely find something on an appliance parts website.
    – rdtsc
    Oct 28 '19 at 22:42
  • Any info on that red sticker/name plate??
    – JACK
    Oct 29 '19 at 0:51

This is a PSC (permanent split phase capacitor motor) that has two windings that together produce the rotating field. One is fed through the run capacitor, so that the current through it is out of phase with the other winding. They are normally wired as below. The connection between the capacitor and the neutral side can be either internal to the motor, in which case 4 wires come out, or external, so that there are 3 wires, and the cap is commoned elsewhere.

enter image description here

To reverse these motors, you need to reverse either one of these windings, which would require a two pole changeover switch, so specifically reversible motors are connected a little differently.

enter image description here

(picture from here) On these motors the two windings aren't differentiated 'main' and 'auxiliary' as is normal - the auxiliary is usually a higher resistance which allows the main winding, which takes more current to use more of the available space. The windings are identical, and the cap is connected between them. Imagine that the white wire on yours is connected to the 'L' terminal on the first diagram, and the red and black at the two right hand corners. That way, whichever one the switch connects to becomes the main, and the other the auxiliary, which reverses the sequence of the field.

For single direction, you just need to connect up the white, and whichever of the red or black produces the right rotation, and leave the other side of the cap connected to the motor winding and nothing else.

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