Can anyone tell? NO
One cable has ground, the other doesn't. That's the only thing different that we can tell from the picture.
Now let's see what is really going on:
Two switches - whether "3-way" (each flip of either switch changes between on and off) or the switches you have - normally has the light at one end or the other. Either:
Panel -> Switch 1 -> Switch 2 -> Light
Panel -> Light -> Switch 1 -> Switch 2
There are often extra wires in the ceiling to carry power & neutral on to other fixtures. But you would (normally) have more wires if that were the case. More likely is a switch loop. Ideally a switch loop would have both wires non-white, but that is often not the case, particularly prior to recent rules requiring neutral in (most) switch boxes. So one possibility is:
- Cable 1 - hot (black) & neutral (white) from panel
- Cable 2 - hot (black) to switch and switched-hot (white) from switch
To figure this out, with all wires separated and capped with wire nuts, use a non-contact tester to check each wire for power. Try with each of the 4 combinations of switches. I suspect you will find that one cable ALWAYS has power on the black wire.
If that's the case, that is the cable from the panel. The other one goes to the switches.
- Connect blacks (hot) together
- Connect white from the cable with power to neutral/white on the light.
- Connect white from the other cable to the hot/black on the light. Mark it with a piece of colored (e.g., red) electrical tape to indicate it is switched hot.
However, if you find that power is present in the ceiling only with a certain combination of switches then post a little more information, as this may be a little more complicated.