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I was working on a house with a sub panel for a shed/workshop. The sub panel was fed off the house main panel via 2pole 50A breaker. The sub was a load center type with no main breaker. The neutral bus bar of this sub had both the neutral and the ground from the house tied into it. Likewise the circuits coming into the sub had the grounds tied to this neutral bar. My understanding was that the ground was only to tie to neutral at the main panel where the main panel ground came in. I understood this was to avoid a lower potential ground path through something or someone shorting the circuit and getting fried.

Am I mistaken?

Should I put another bar in the panel to separate the ground wires from the neutrals?

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    In general yes, but it sounds like this is not your house and you are not a licensed electrician? If that's the case, you may want to check local licensing requirements as you may not be allowed to do so yourself. – PhilippNagel Aug 16 at 14:00
  • As I understand it, a subpanel should have the ground and neutral separated. That's how my subpanel is setup, but mine's also located inside the same building if that makes any difference. – Phaelax z Aug 16 at 15:20
  • What make and model is the existing panel? Can you post photos of it? – ThreePhaseEel Aug 17 at 3:15
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Per PhilippNagel's comment yes, but when feeding to another building some of the rules change. Note the attached: enter image description here

Since you say you have an EGC (ground wire) run from your main building to your sub panel you would be following the rule to Building 2. You need to install a separate ground bus and bond it..

Hope this helps.

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Absolutely correct. There can be only one --

connection between neutral and ground in the entire system. If that isn't true, it can cause all manner of mayhem.

You're thinking of grandfathered

Grandfathering applies when it was installed a long time ago, it was Code at the time, and that was as good as it could've been done.

Example: a guy hooks up a NEMA 10 dryer hot-hot-ground in 1973. No, that was never allowed.

In your case, the subpanel's feed cable used /3+ground cable, which is modern and correct. Failing to separate the neutral and ground, when they were able to, doesn't qualify for grandfathering since it's trivially easy to fix.

So it should be fixed. I would say "acquire a ground bar for that panel" but the panel probably needs to be replaced also.

If the shed is detached (breezeways count as "attached"), this subpanel needs a main disconnect switch. The most economical way to do that is get a panel with a main breaker. It's OK for the main breaker to be larger than the supply breaker. So for instance a 225A subpanel is just fine.

Also, it's uncomfortably small in terms of number of spaces. I don't know that, it's just the way to bet :) Plan to have plenty of spaces left over without resorting to double-stuff breakers such as duplex and quads.

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