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I want to build a cart for carrying camping equipment and supplies as a potential alternative to a backpack. Pulling a cart with the backpack in it should be easier than carrying it on my back, at least for a flat and even surface. Whether the trails I will be traveling are flat and even enough I don't yet know. The cart would need to support a weight of 25 lbs. and be roughly 18" wide by 30" high. I'd attach a strap to it and wrap the strap around my waist. I would attach the pack to the cart with string or a bungee cord.

I was going to build the cart out of schedule 80 PVC pipe and then attach wheels to it, for example https://wheeleez.com/product/wz1-wak-38tt/ (these are bigger and heavier than I want, this is just for illustration). This might be better: https://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/product_200660524_200660524. Bigger wheels will roll better and will surmount rocks more easily; the tradeoff is the extra weight.

Two questions:

  • What would be an ideal PVC pipe diameter?
  • What would be an ideal wheel diameter and material?
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    Unless you plan to only use this one or two times, in mild weather and in placid terrain, PVC is a poor choice. It has too much flex, a poor strength to weight ratio, and susceptibility to temperatures, UV, and fatigue failure. Use steel allows or aluminum alloys, the former is easier for novices to fab with. 20" wheels should suffice. If a ready made hiking cart is not to your taste, you might consider using or modifying a (jogging) baby stroller. – Brock Adams Apr 28 at 23:57
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    Along the lines of @Brock Adams suggestion a bicycle trailer used for towing children are light weight and robust. They are also readily available on the used market as children quickly out grow them. – mikes Apr 29 at 0:12
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    Unless you have back issues that would prevent using a backpack, I see limited value in using a cart that will likely weigh at least half as much as your intended load. It might be worthwhile for some, but I'd imagine most people would prefer to carry a 25lb backpack than pull a 35-40lb cart over rough terrain. – Nuclear Wang Apr 29 at 13:44
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    I'd suggest you ask on Outdoors whether this is a good idea. – Reid Apr 30 at 18:59
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I'd look at a standard, two-wheel, LARGE (bicycle sized) wheel garden cart, or possibly a wheelbarrow form, again with a LARGE, bicycle, wheel.) Bicycle wheels are a common, well developed, strong, lightweight wheel with many options for tires and sizes.

The single-wheel advantage becomes blatantly obvious the first time you hit a side-hill and your multi-wheel cart decides to roll over sideways. A wheelbarrow with one wheel is only sensitive to side-hill when you set it down on its two legs. I would NOT suggest using a standard wheelbarrow as seen today.

Basic wooden wheelbarrow frame

This is an illustration of a wood-framed (and probably wheeled, but swap that for a bicycle wheel) "bare-bones" form from this translated article (I was just looking for a good, basic, not too modern wheelbarrow illustration. I haven't read the article in any detail):

https://spot.colorado.edu/~richtea/prints.html

How much load you have to lift at the handles varies as you move the load more over the wheel, while how stable it is varies with how low you can get it. If you can arrange your "pack" as two "panniers" you can get it right over the wheel while keeping it low, by having it to the sides of the wheel. You still have to push or pull the weight, but you don't have to lift it. Still, on many of my local trails, you'd likely come to regret having to get it over rocks & trees (even with a large wheel) but your local trails may be more developed or involve fewer stair-stepped steep sections. It could also skid sideways on wet rock.

You could pick up a pre-owned bicycle for not much or free and adapt from there. You might want to retain the brake for downhills.

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    My first thought is that such a design would tip over too easily, but perhaps not. Perhaps attaching each pole to each hip would be sufficient. (nods head) – jsf80238 Apr 29 at 3:19
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    Given your load is proposed to be ~25 lbs, I doubt it would be a major issue. I work with some folks who like "two-wheel" wheelbarrows, and those are FAR more prone to tipping over on any side slope, which is why I prefer the single-wheel version. Where flat enough, the garden-cart setup is good as it distributes the load over the axle, but where not flat enough, that's either a rollover or having to take tiny loads to not roll over. – Ecnerwal Apr 29 at 3:29
  • Apparently there is such a thing, for example competitivecyclist.com/… or quietkat.com/product/2019-quietkat-cargo-trailer – jsf80238 Apr 30 at 0:09

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