I have a machine screw from the hardware on an old desk that needs to be replaced (the knob it goes with is slightly stripped so it needs a longer screw to catch when mounted), but it's a really weird size. The outer thread diameter is 3.7mm, and there are somewhere between 30 and 32 threads per inch (it's 1" long but last mm or so of the shaft is missing threads). This doesn't match any standard metric or US size (it's between #6 and #8 and as far as I'm aware there's no #7).
The number series of machine screws once included more odd numbers and went up to #16 or more. Standardization efforts in the late 19th and the early part of the 20th century reduced the range of sizes considerably. Now, it is less common to see machine screws larger than #14, or odd number sizes other than #1, #3 and #5.
Applying the formula for the "#N" sizes, #7 would be 3.8354 mm, which is well within the tolerance of, and off in the same direction as, what I usually measure for thread outer diameters with my cheap caliper. Since both #6 and #8 are 32 TPI for coarse thread, #7 would be too. So I'm pretty sure this is actually a #7-32.
Prior to finding that, I actually did 3D print a 3.8 mm 32 TPI replacement, and it works.