The following picture shows that the floor joists in this house are butt-spliced where they rest on top of a large beam. These joists are 2" x 6" Douglas Fir, and the end of each floor joist is toenailed to the beam. A pair of 1" x 4" x 24" Douglas fir cleats are nailed to span across the splice, one on each face of the joists, to reinforce it. Four 10d nails are used per cleat (2 on each side of the splice).
This next photo shows the end of one cleat with a split where the nail was too close to the edge.
My concern is that these 1" x 4" cleats, even in pairs, are inadequate to ensure the joists remain connected during an earthquake (this is in California - Seismic Design Category D, I believe). I've never heard of using 1" X for structural reinforcement like this. Were the original builders in error, and if so what would be an adequate remedy?