I had a licensed GC install 2 windows. One of them needed a new RO in the stucco wall (single story home southern CA). I agreed to close the wall and do finish work. He was contacted to install windows and frame wall for windows. Now that I'm taking a closer look I have doubts and I'm looking for standards or code references to evaluate his work.
- New king studs only have 1 nail toe nailed on the thin edge into the top plate. One of them has split where he nailed.
- Jack studs are not fastened to King studs at all and aren't fastened to header and neither to bottom plate.
- Cripple studs (cut from original studs) have 1/2 inch gap between the header and sill plate. Nails are visible...this cannot transfer load properly I would assume.
- Header nailed to cripple studs with one nail. One of them split out the header pretty bad.
- Sill plate not nailed to jack stud on one side. Other spots have 1/2 inch gaps and only use 1 nail.
My concern is that he left too large gaps and loads aren't transferred properly. The window is fastened to the jack stud, but jack stud is not secured by anything but a couple nails from the shop plate.
Also, the contact was time and material. He charged 1 hr before and 1 hr after he was at site. He took excess materials with him (cutoffs, nails, unused lumber) and charged me the total material cost plus 35%. Is that normal?
Can someone tell me what's normal, and what I should do? I've yet to pay him. I feel that I should have the option to keep all materials I purchase or have it deducted. I'm doing other work on the house where I could use them. I also don't think I need to pay an extra hour after the job for his commute (I live in very centralized location).
- What is correct here and what should I ask for?
- Is he obligated to correct any build problems (we did not get a permit)?