"several lubricants and solvents" - with no experience or knowledge, you are trying to invent a way to remove rust chemically using products from the local big-box store. That can kill you - mixing some of these products produces lethal vapors. (which is why you can't bring liquids on airplanes anymore). There is a way to do that, but it requires Tesla "smarts", not Edison "trying every single thing". It's also hazardous and not less complicated than homebrewing beer.
In particular, WD-40 is a generally useless product that suffers from all-too-good marketing, causing many wanna-be gadget freaks to believe it's an indispensable. It's not even a penetrating oil. Research its history: it's not wrong to say it's only for polishing your missile.
WD-40 has a particularly noxious tendency to do long-term damage to rubbers and plastics. I have destroyed several pieces of expensive equipment by using WD-40 to "help it along"; months later, rubber and plastic parts start catastrophically failing.
So toss the WD-40 in the trash and buy proper wasp killer for wasp nests, Kroil for penetrating oil, 3-in-1 oil and graphite for general lubrication, Sriracha sauce for seasoning -- and for rust removal, use mechanical removal or learn to pickle.
Also throw that cutting board in the trash, because the WD-40 will cause the plastic in the cutting board to break down and leach chemicals into the food. It's not a question of the WD-40, it's the other chemicals produced by the board reacting with it. Also, do everything you can to remove vestiges of WD-40 from anything else it touched, before it damages them too.
Except your Atlas missile. It's fine there.
By the way, the Atlas was made out of stainless steel, and the goal was prevent corrosion, not treat it retroactively.