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I'm a serious DIY-er and does little bit electric work on/around my house.

We are getting a new equipments in my garage that requires 220v.

But instead of running a 220v into garage, we got a converter adapter that works with 110v outlet to turn into 220v. But it has to have a 2 110 receptacle that are on 2 different phase.

Does it mean, the both receptacles, need to draw power from the panel each on a different pole?

enter image description here

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    Where did you find this suicide rig? – Harper - Reinstate Monica Mar 5 '18 at 0:00
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    Why don't you just have a 220 outlet run to your garage? – ThreePhaseEel Mar 5 '18 at 1:16
  • Well, we are planning to move out the equipments after 4-6 months later from the garage, then at that moment, the 220v receptacles will be no use – Nomadme Mar 5 '18 at 3:05
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    What a ripoff, for 200$ you could purchase a roll of romex a breaker, an outlet and box to install the outlet. I would not use something like that product even if approved or listed, how many breaker trips are going to happen now that you are loading 2 separate 120v circuits that have other things on them,,, I would just do it right by adding a proper 240v circuit. – Ed Beal Mar 5 '18 at 3:48
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    +1 as the panel photo helps, and for initially going for a legal and safer version of the suicide cord. – Harper - Reinstate Monica Mar 5 '18 at 16:31
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In the US, most household service is two legs of 120v plus a neutral. You can get 120v between either leg and neutral or 240v. Esteem both legs. In most breaker panels, single-width breakers alternate legs vertically and are opposite legs left and right per row. As you noted, you need to find outlets on breakers on opposite legs.

For example, if the breaker slots are numbered 1-10 on the left and 11-20 on the right, you could use 1&2, 2&7, 3&13 but not 1&3 or 2&11.

Also, these adapters are very dangerous. If you have one 120v plug connected and your 240v load connected but the other plug lose and you tough the prongs on it, you could get shocked. (These devices can be made safe using internal relays but most do not have these.)

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  • Yeah, that is what I was thinking. – Nomadme Mar 5 '18 at 3:14
  • this is the adapter I'm looking at. quick220.com/220_catalog/20-ampere-systems.html – Nomadme Mar 5 '18 at 3:14
  • what a rip off .... $225 for a power outlet that is connected to two extension cords ... $20 worth of parts – jsotola Mar 5 '18 at 3:28
  • @DoxyLover, oh, that is a very good point! I thought the left and right legs were the 2 different phases by itself. – Nomadme Mar 5 '18 at 3:32
  • @jsotola Well... I thought it was a good deal, since it can be portable, when we move the equipment to a new space, we could just use the adapters. – Nomadme Mar 5 '18 at 3:33
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Honestly, spending over $200 on a "legal version of the suicide cord" is the silliest thing I have ever heard. I could see using that if you were stuck in a rental unit or something.

The even worse part is the high probability of misunderstanding something about this complex system: your load's requirement, what the donor circuits are able to provide, or what other loads are also on the donor circuits and cause breaker trips. I would expect this to fail because of being blindsided by technicalities like this.

For the kind of shekels they're asking for that "legal suicide cord", you could pay an electrician to run the circuit your load requires, and then you'll have exactly the right thing.

Or if you are competent to DIY, you could do it yourself for far less. About $60 in parts, the duplex QO being the oddball.

Even for less than the $200, you could install a subpanel in the garage, and take some of the pressure off that overstuffed (but excellent QO) main panel. I gather the 40A is your range. Do any of those 30A circuits already go to the garage? Dryer, water heater, that kind of thing?

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  • Yes, sir, those goes to the house and already being occupied. So I just find out that I can use tandem (double) breaker to extend the usability of the panel. Do you think it is a good idea or I should just replace the panel to a bigger new panel. Seems like the one I have currently is Square D Load Center, Cat # QOC-20M, series E6 panel. – Nomadme Mar 5 '18 at 19:37
  • You are right, perhaps I should ditch the "Suicide cord" and just wire it to 220V. – Nomadme Mar 5 '18 at 19:40
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    I don't know if I'd replace the panel, but I'd certainly add subpanel(s) to relieve the space crunch. If you can fit a subpanel in the garage and it's convenient to reroute a few circuits there, that's fine. – Harper - Reinstate Monica Mar 5 '18 at 19:48
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What does it mean to get two phases of a 110V outlet? Your power panel has 2 phases of power coming in, your circuits are generally distributed load balanced between these two phases. 220V in the home comes from these two phases known as L1 and L2. Your 110V outlets might be wired to L1 or L2 (never both). So in essence if you take power from a 110 Volt outlet wired to L1 and another 110 Volt outlet wired to L2 - you now have 220Volts of power. Not something that should be done but it can be done.

All of that said; here is a better option, of course this method is also for less money than that kit you are planning to buy.

Your power panel is full, so change out two of your single breakers for Tandem Breakers and this will free up space in the panel so you can add a 220V breaker.

Repair what looks to be a double tapped situation (2 conductors on one screw) on breaker [6th or 7th down on left hand side] by replacing it with a tandem breaker as well. Double Tapped breakers are a fire hazard which is why it is also a code violation. The other way to fix that is by pig tailing the two wires with a third wire which would then feed the single connection of the breaker. IMO you are in the box already changing breakers so just change it to a tandem breaker and be done with it.

Since the device you want to use is a 20 AMP device, Add the 220V 20 AMP Breaker in the newly created space in your panel.

Make sure your panels rated capacity can support the added circuit breaker amperage. This stack link should be helpful I also include the literal link just in case the link goes bad and someone else needs to do a search https://diy.stackexchange.com/questions/31604/do-the-breaker-amp-readings-sum-up-to-dictate-my-current-panels-total-possible

Now you have resolved all of your issues with a simple solution - total costs for these 4 breakers is about $50.00 at a big box. Your 220V Receptacle $10 and wiring [4 wire L1, L2, N, G] cost is dependent on how much length and gauge [#10/3 with ground] @ $1.27 / Foot ... that should put you in at just under $100 total.

How to know if I can use Tandem Breakers:

http://www.startribune.com/how-to-know-when-tandem-circuit-breakers-can-be-used-aka-cheater-breakers/140688183/

Tandem Circuit Breaker is pictured below:

Tandem Circuit Breaker

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  • I decided to add sub-panel to the box, moved out the line that was on 40A breaker, moving it to the new sub-panel. I saw that double conductor on 20A, but didn't know it was violating the code. I guess the previous owner of the house hired someone to do that. Can I extend that with an 12AWG wire with wire nut and add a new breaker? – Nomadme Mar 6 '18 at 22:20
  • And I'm not sure if my main panel support tandem breakers, it is old. The model Square D QOC-20M Series E6. Not sure if it supports, I couldn't find any info on it. Tandem breakers for QO style (I guess old school style) I found was $47 for 20A. – Nomadme Mar 6 '18 at 22:23
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    @Nomadme An Electrician would not double tap - he would wire nut and have a single wire under the lug. So in essence bring the two wires together with a third wire and wire nut together hook the other end of the third wire under the circuit breaker connector. As for how to know if your panel supports tandem breakers.. startribune.com/… ; Also I edited my answer to provide some more info and costing (and as a rule to at least answer your initial question so no one docks me for not .. – Ken Mar 6 '18 at 22:49
  • @Nomadme cheapest QO style I see is $20 homedepot.com/p/…-PIPHorizontal2_rr--100075651--100021761--N – Ken Mar 6 '18 at 22:56
  • Yeah, I think that is even newer style, mine is older, it has a clipper at the bottom. I only found that in my local electric supply store Locke. – Nomadme Mar 7 '18 at 14:16

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