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I have four lights in my new house that each have two different switches to control them. They are wired so that one of the switches would have to be ON and the other OFF for the light to be ON. If both are ON or OFF, the light would be OFF.

The power went off a couple of months ago for a couple of hours. I now have 3 lights that the double-switch now works the opposite of how it used to work. Now if both switches are ON or both OFF, the light will be ON.

I tried turning off the power to the house when the switchers were all in the OFF positions but when I turned the power off, the lights went back to being ON. I then tried changing one of the switches to ON position and turned the power off and on again but the light remembered the state it was in and stayed the same.

I'm not sure what else I could do. How can I reset them to work like they did before - so that OFF + OFF = OFF?

Here are pictures of one of the switches. I thought they were normal switches and there was some other sort of switch that controls the light but it does look like there are two white leads and one black to each switch. enter image description here enter image description here

  • You need to tell us more about the switches. Apparently these aren't just standard light switches, we need make and model number. Even pictures might help. – Tyson Jan 8 '18 at 22:48
  • Are you sure you have found all the switches? If there was a third controllong swt – Harper Jan 8 '18 at 22:50
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    ...controlling switch in an unexpected place, and it was thrown inadvertently, that would cause this to happen. Also if any of these are other than plain old $1 3-ways, that matters a great deal. – Harper Jan 8 '18 at 22:51
  • Can you post photos of the insides of the light boxes? – ThreePhaseEel Jan 8 '18 at 23:42
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    three way switches do not have an ON or OFF .... both positions are ON, just to a different wire. – jsotola Jan 9 '18 at 3:01
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This kind of switch does not have "ON" and "OFF" positions, just "UP" and "DOWN".

There are two and only two ways to set up the action of a circuit with two "two-way" switches:

(1) ON when switches are in different positions
UP + UP = OFF
UP + DOWN = ON
DOWN + UP = ON
DOWN + DOWN = OFF

(2) ON when switches are in same position
UP + UP = ON
UP + DOWN = OFF
DOWN + UP = OFF
DOWN + DOWN = ON

I have no confidence at all that you correctly remember which way your switches worked before your power failure incident. This kind of switch is entirely mechanical with no electronic parts and cannot suddenly change its behavior in the way you imply.

Apparently from your second and fourth paragraphs, on three of your circuits, you currently have (1) but you want (2).

The standard way to switch between actions (1) and (2) is to pull out one of the switches and swap the travelers, which are the wires on the two terminals that are not marked "common".

In your case, however, I note that your switches are wired using the backstab terminals, which makes it hard to remove the wires without damaging something. So I recommend this method: in each circuit you want to change, unscrew one switch, don't change any wires, rotate it one half turn, and screw it back in. Replace the cover plates.

  • Guess I should have read further prior to my comment + my thoughts exactly. – Ed Beal Jan 17 '18 at 22:27
  • Thanks. I could swear that all my light switches were down (OFF) when I moved in but apparently I am going crazy. – Hannover Fist Jan 18 '18 at 17:48

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