I am buying a home that is under construction. The developer installed the vertical Cat6 Ethernet and RG6 coaxial cable runs from the basement to the attic in the wall immediately behind where the stove/range will go. My concern is that I was hoping to get an induction range in the near future. Would the magnetic fields produced by an induction range extend far enough to induce interference in the Cat6 and RG6 cables in the wall behind the range?
If your rangetop is well-built and you are using those cables only for TCP ethernet traffic, you probably won't notice any problems. On the other hand, if you rangetop's switching circuitry is noisy, and you have some signals that are very sensitive to interference in those cables, you may be better off with a different cooking technology.
Would the magnetic fields produced by an induction range extend far enough to induce interference in the Cat6 and RG6 cables in the wall behind the range?
I don't think you can get a definitive answer to this without trying it. Here are the significant factors as I see them.
How Clean is the Power Switching in the Rangetop?
Any time large amounts of current are switched on and off there is a potential for emissions. Induction rangetops switch large amounts of current on an off. How significant those emissions are depends on a lot of factors that basically boil down to how well the rangetop's power circuitry was designed and manufactured to minimize emissions. One rangetop might emit a lot, while another might not. Because of the amount of current being switched, the potential for emissions is there.
How Close is the Rangetop to the Signal Cables?
The coupling of the interference to your cables will fall off with somewhere between the square and cube of the distance between your cables and your rangetop. If you move a sensitive signal cable from 10' away to 1' away from the source, I would expect to see between 100x and 1000x the interference. Most devices and cables are several feet apart. Designers and manufacturers know this, so they don't generally design unrelated devices and cables to operate correctly in very close proximity. If you have interference problems, manufacturers' first recommendation will often be to increase the distance between unrelated devices and cables.
How Sensitive are the Signals to Interference?
For network traffic running over those cables, interference will probably manifest as packet loss. I have seen packet loss occur on cables in close proximity to equipment that switches electric motors. The packet loss occurred only during transients periods when the motors were turning on and off. It's hard to guess how likely this is to occur in your situation. I know it's possible for at least electric motors and their drives.
You probably wouldn't notice packet loss for network traffic that uses reliable protocols like TCP (eg. web browsing, file downloads, phone apps). On the other hand, I have seen video distribution equipment/protocols that are designed for LANs that are very sensitive to dropped packets. I have seen the impact of dropped packets be as subtle as short black lines in the video and as dramatic as causing the feed to freeze altogether.
A common way to get sync'ed video streams to several displays throughout a home are devices that transmit HDMI over UTP/STP (like your CAT6). I have found that those devices are terribly sensitive to interference. Some don't seem to packetize the data or use ethernet physical signaling at all. Rather they seem to use the twisted pairs to transmit signals of some other standard. In one of my installations, those signals were interrupted by the current in the drive cables of a small electric motor that ran nearby.
No, for two reasons:
- Induction ranges operate at kHz frequencies. Modern data transmission is done at frequencies that are thousands to millions of times higher.
- Cat6 is twisted, and RG6 is shielded, to mitigate noise from electrical interference.