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The stair in my garage is very ugly and it's off-gassing bad particle board smell. Especially the first riser is rotted.

So I am going to make a new stair by replacing current treads and risers with plywood or oak hardwood. But I have no idea how to protect the first riser. When it's raining or snowing, there will be quite a bit of water from the car.

  • You could use waterproof "marine" plywood for the risers. Looks like the failure is at the bottom of the risers on the lower steps. Prime all sides (incl underside) with waterproof primer before painting exposed surfaces (incl bottom edge) with exterior or heavy duty paint. How do you plan to make the treads slip resistant. – Jim Stewart Mar 13 '17 at 12:38
  • Thanks. For slip resistant, I probably will just put some kind of anti-slip tape. – XWLI Mar 13 '17 at 23:54
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Untreated plywood and oak will rot if heavily exposed to water. You need to switch your thinking to how an outdoor staircase is built. They use rot resistant wood, treated wood, or composite materials.

Marine plywood is a popular idea for water resistance but, due to its chemical composition, it isn't a healthy wood to use in a house. If children spend a lot of time playing on marine wood, they are risking actual poisoning. The symptoms start with mild chemical rashes and get worse from there.

Of your choices composite deck material will last the longest. And there is actual composite stair treads. But I've also built stairs using normal composite deck boards. As long as the under support isn't too far apart two 5ish inch composite boards work very well. See what you have locally. Treated and cedar lumber also works quite well, it just doesn't last as long. Purposed lumber like external stair treads are usually textured for traction.

Also check your local codes, some do not want any treated wood indoors. You may be limited to composite and natural rot resistant wood.

The riser covering the entire opening isn't strictly necessary. Check your local codes, but openings to the rise is often limited to a max opening of less than 4 inches. The purpose of that is to prevent a child from sticking their head in the opening. http://www.co.stevens.wa.us/landservices/documents/STAIRWAYSECTION.pdf

While riser boards provide extra strength to the tread, a 2x12 stair tread doesn't usually need the support. That does depend on the stair design. The riser board is there more for looks, and safety, than strength. If you wish to leave small gaps for drainage, it won't harm the structure of the stairs.

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I'd do the first 2-5 steps in concrete/masonry. That's what's under and around them, it's rot-proof, it should last the life of the building. I'm innately suspicious of the repeated black spots on the bottom 3 risers, indicating the problem (or a problem) extends higher than the first one, perhaps.

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I wouldn't rebuild. That's always a much bigger job that anticipated for a DIYer.

I'd shave 1-1/2" from the bottom of the assembly and slide two pressure-treated 2x6 boards underneath. I'd then sand any rough areas and paint the entire thing with some heavy floor paint. Seal the railing with urethane and call it a day. It's a garage after all, and it's going to get beat up and dirty no matter what you do.

Your cars surely "off-gas" far more than the particle board does (or soon will), and a paint seal will dramatically reduce that anyway.

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