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I messed up and wired the white wires to my single pole switch, joining the black. Obviously the Black should be on the switch and the white joined

When I turn the breaker on the light stays on. However, the circuit should be broken with the light switch to ground off. Will an AC light still work with the hot direct wired, or does this mean it's grounding somewhere else?

The wire from the switch to the ceiling light is old wiring that goes through the ceiling. I was hoping to just reuse the wire from the switch to the light, and ignore the other 3 that come into the ceiling box. Those other should be disconnected since we did a remodel upstairs, removed a bunch of wires, and I ran all new home runs for the rooms up there.

I've run a new wire from the breaker, to a junction box, and then to this switch. So that's pretty straight forward. I'm just concerned about fixing the switch to be connected to black instead, but having the wire still short somewhere else. I was under the impression the light would turn off when I flipped the switch, you could just shock yourself while changing the light bulb.

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  • Is there a ground wire or metal jacketed cable? If so, this is creating a path that bypasses the switch. – bib Feb 24 '17 at 1:58
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    The old wires are probably from the 50's, and don't have a third ground in them. I have the ground terminating at the green screw on the light switch. The light is actually hanging by the wires at this moment, so there's no possibility the two connections to the ceiling light are shorting since they are 4" from the ceiling, 6 inches from each other, and 3+" from the light body. I was doing my final test before buttoning everything up. – RLZaleski Feb 24 '17 at 2:08
  • Assuming the black is hot, and the switch isn't defective, somewhere in the white between the bulb and the switch must be shorted to neutral or ground. – Dave X Nov 15 '18 at 16:28
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If the only paths in the circuit were those shown in your diagram, then your switch would turn off the light (but leave it in an unsafe condition where you could be shocked by touching the base of the bulb while changing it). Moving the switch to the hot side of the switch loop would make the wiring much safer.

BUT. This is not the only problem you have. The symptom you describe proves that there is another path from the light's neutral to the breaker-box's neutral. The principal danger to you, and to any future maintainer, is that you don't know where this path is. This means that you're remodeling your wiring without fully understanding it first.

I know it can be very difficult to analyze the wiring circuits in an old house.1 You have to open practically every j-box and even remove some wire nuts and separate the wires. You need to test voltage with the power on and check continuity with the power off, and get out of breath running back and forth to the breaker box.

You can't just give up and wire it the best way you can. You must trace everything until you know where it all goes, or in the case of the stuff you already ripped out, where it all went. You can't "ignore the other 3 that come into the ceiling box", because you don't know which of them should be left connected to each other and which should be capped off.

If you don't have the patience to trace all the old wiring, then you should hire a professional electrician to do it. Be aware, though, that this will be expensive -- unless you hire a guy who also doesn't have the patience to trace all the old wiring.


1. Believe me, I know. My house was built in 1891 and still contains some inaccessible knob-and-tube wiring that was originally installed for Edison direct current service.

  • That's what I was pretty sure of. There's a wall and stairs where I'm 90% sure the home run originally came from, so I'll start there next. I guess it's a blessing I accidentally wired it wrong to start with so I noticed it was shorting in the wrong spot. – RLZaleski Feb 24 '17 at 2:34
  • @RLZaleski: A double blessing -- you noticed there was something wrong, and you came to SE and got some encouragement to continue analyzing. – A. I. Breveleri Feb 24 '17 at 2:39

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