We currently have a gravel and tar flat roof, and it's near the end of its lifespan. We're looking to replace it, and would like to know what's the best material to use. We live in Southern California.

1 Answer 1


I'm a huge fan of EPDM rubber roofs. They are even starting to be feasible for DIY installation.

The most important thing is to glue them down correctly to the roof deck. Otherwise weather forces will make them shift around, fold, stretch, tear seams, or pull away from corners and edges.

The roof decking must be in good condition - so it can glue down properly, and not be stressed or punctured by the decking coming up.

I would not put it over an old roof either, same reasons.

Also, it does not like tar. Tar causes it to melt. If you have simpleminded buffoons who work on your roof and think tar is for all roof repairs, that will be a problem.

Fortunately rubber roofs aren't terribly hard to patch provided you use proper materials.

Cost of the rubber material is quite low, often under $1/foot, but the correct glues and supplies will cost more than the rubber! The stuff comes in widths up to 20 feet.

Almost all rubber material is black. That means your roof will get quite warm. "The thing to do" nowadays especially in CA is to paint roofs white, if you aren't sticking solar panels up there. You can get white rubber, or white paint, but you must be selective as to type of paint. Painting the roof will make it less repairable.

Edit: Apropos a comment, one idea I've thought of to make rubber roofing easier to work with, is to create some vertical ribs on the roof, perpendicular obviously to the water flow. Something like this, assuming a parapet on three sides.

enter image description here Those vertical ribs could become supports for the solar panels. It's really desirable to NOT have the solar panels introduce roof penetrations, because those leak.

The ribs would be carefully positioned so they can be covered by a single sheet of rubber roof material. A cap over the ribs and you're all set.

enter image description here

  • I agree but they do make white membrane roofing. The old tar and gravel will need to be removed and if properly installed it will outlast a tar roof.+
    – Ed Beal
    Commented Oct 23, 2016 at 9:15
  • Thanks for the answer Harper. Is it possible to do seamless EPDM installs, like a single cut? I'm going to be installing solar panels as well.
    – eclipsis
    Commented Oct 26, 2016 at 16:01
  • There are companies that make a rubber-like material they custom fit to your roof in their factory. I have considered putting vertical "ribs" on the roof to break the roof into sections narrower than the roofing material. Run the rubber up each "rib" then put a metal or rubber cap over that. The ribs could be the support points for the solar panels. Commented Oct 28, 2016 at 3:42
  • I installed an EPDM rubber roof on my detached garage, using a large seamless piece. This large piece was unwieldy and my friend and I, as first time DIYers with this material, didn't handle it perfectly and were stuck with some wrinkles as we glued it down. A few years on, one of the wrinkles got chewed on by animals and I've had to patch it. I think doing a wrinkle-free install with seams (using lighter material) would have been wiser. Commented Oct 17, 2018 at 19:56

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