I used a drain cleaner containing sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to unclog it. I followed the drain cleaner's instructions to the letter:

  • pour the NaOH into the pipe entrance.
  • pour hot water.

As soon as I started pouring hot water, it started pooling. No water would pass through. The sink was completely clogged now, because the NaOH formed a solid "bathtub plug" inside the pipe! (I could see solid white NaOH)

Pouring more water had no effect, so I carefully threw citric acid grains (a weak acid, contained in lemons), hoping the acid would react with the base (NaOH). Initially, the acid reacted with the NaOH (I could see bubbles coming out), but then it stopped completely.

WARNING: Acid and NaOH reactions can be very violent. In my case there was enough water to act as a heat-sink preventing boiling and splashing, and I was adding acid slowly. I can't emphasize enough how dangerous NaOH is. Use full face protection and gloves, otherwise you could go blind or get severe skin burns.

I don't want to open the pipes (if flow is restored it could splash NaOH solution on me).

  • Is there any other way to safely unclog the NaOH?
  • What exactly happened? Why did NaOH block the pipe completely, and why did the acid become ineffective after a while?

Sidenote on why I did it:

My partially clogged kitchen sink would allow small amounts of water to pass through the pipe. I've been using a plunger when it was getting clogged (snake was ineffective).

A plumber had told me in the past, that the problem is deep inside the wall (about 3 meters into the pipe) and is very hard to fix. He also suggested using NaOH a couple of times a year to keep it clean.

Top view and side view respectively:

enter image description here enter image description here

  • Why is opening the pipes a problem? I see threaded fittings in the picture. Most installations should have threaded fittings on the trap. Taking this apart is SUPPOSED to be done to remove clogs. The only difficult part is having a basin or bucket large enough to hold all the water. After using the NaOH there is now an additional risk from having to avoid exposure to the NaOH. – Freiheit Sep 28 '16 at 20:35
  • Can you be more specific as to what the problem in the wall is? – Freiheit Sep 28 '16 at 20:36
  • @Freiheit I did open the pipe just below the sink and I could see the NaOH that formed a "plug". Breaking it felt like a terrible idea, since small pieces of NaOH would be flying all over the place. As for the clog in the wall, according to the plumber, it's because our pipe is longer than it should and, as it combines with the main pipe, it partially blocks it. – Fermi paradox Sep 29 '16 at 20:19
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    I am glad you are still alive NEVER mix caustic's and acids, sounds like its time for a snake down the drain, yes you will need to break through the plug of sodium hydroxide. – Ed Beal Jun 10 '18 at 14:14
  • @EdBeal You are right. It can be very violent under the right conditions! However, in my case it was rather safe. I had protective gear, there was plenty of water (acting as a heat sink preventing boiling and splashing) and I was using small quantities of citric acid. Besides, my other option at the time was either trying to break the NaOH (and risk piercing the plastic pipe) or removing slowly the pipe (EXTREMELY DANGEROUS). I'll edit accordingly to include a warning. – Fermi paradox Jun 10 '18 at 15:25

How to unclog it

!!! WARNING !!!
Put on gloves, and full face protection gear!
NaOH can cause severe burns or even permanently blind you. You wouldn't want even a droplet on your eyes, since (unlike your skin) they have no protection at all.

(Before trying my method below, give a try to the other suggestion by @Jaroslav Voller. Try not to pierce the pipe if you use a screwdriver, though.)

Take 2-3 straws and insert each one into the holes. No I'm not joking.

enter image description here

Then pour hot water through them using your tap. The hotter the water the more soluble NaOH and the salts you created, will be. Which will make the whole process faster. Just let the water run until it is unclogged.

Be careful with this water since it contains large amounts of NaOH and is corrosive.

This will remove the NaOH layer, but your initial problem will probably not be solved so you will have to try using the drain cleaner again, but this time use less NaOH.

Why it happened

The grid at the entrance of the pipe reduces water flow. My assumption is that the excessive amount of NaOH you used, along with the reduced water flow right after, caused the NaOH to boil instantly the small amount of water that was already present and formed the solid NaOH layer which you described.

Pouring water doesn't work because the water already present, along with the grid, reduces the flow above the NaOH layer, meaning it will dissolve very slowly or perhaps not at all.

enter image description here

When you started throwing the citric acid, it dissolved in the water and reacted with the NaOH, increasing the temperature locally and also creating a sort of "salt", sodium citrate.

enter image description here

Initially it was soluble but as soon as it's concentration increased and the temperature dropped, it's solubility dropped as well, forming a layer of salt (blue color in the figure below), which actually separated your acid and base. This is why they stopped reacting.

enter image description here

Using the straws to guide the water flow directly on those layers will do the trick. The layers will be dissolved within a few minutes.

enter image description here

Note: Colors in the figures do not represent the actual colors of the substances used.

  • 2
    Usually, mechanical clog removal -- plunger, snake, water-burst or something of that sort -- is more reliable and safer for actually clearing a clog, and avoids creating this potentially dangerous situation. – keshlam Sep 27 '16 at 14:25
  • @keshlam I did use a plunger, and something like a snake afterwards but both had no effect, so i resorted to NaOH. The problem is about 3 meters into the pipe and inside the wall, from what the plumber said, so he advised using NaOH. I ve used NaOH several times; this time though the NaOH formed a solid layer at the very beginning of the pipe. I guess i should have included previous failed attempts (i omitted them to keep it short). I edited Q accordingly. – Fermi paradox Sep 27 '16 at 16:21
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    I've had sodium hydroxide form a plug like this. The can be a couple inches thick. I used Vinegar rather than citric acid, because it's what I had on hand. It takes a fair amount of vinegar. Once you get the plug out, you might try a tablespoon of NaOH a day for a week or two. That should at least disturb your deep in gunk deposits. – Wayfaring Stranger Sep 28 '16 at 19:55

I just faced the same problem recently - a NaOH plug.

I solved it using citric acid. Instead of using straws, I used a piece of hard wire and I was hitting the hard NaOH clog mechanically. After each stroke, a reaction on NaOH and citric acid was apparent (boiling like effect, bubbles coming out of the sink).

After a couple of minutes, the clog had dissolved and the sink was completely cleared. I was a bit afraid of an intense exothermic reaction but the plastic did not melt.

  • I initially tried something similar. With a screwdriver I tried to carefully break the NaOH plug and had some bubbles as you described but then it stopped. I didn't push harder fearing I might pierce the tube. Perhaps your plug was thinner, or you managed to stir it a bit with the wire, unlike me. Your suggestion is good nonetheless and I will edit my answer to point to yours so that people try the wire first, before the straws. – Fermi paradox Jun 10 '18 at 9:40

I just cleared an extremely difficult NaOH blockage in my bathroom sink. Gallons of water went in, and I spent 20 minutes working at it with the straw. While I could see there was a reaction between the NaOH and the toilet descaler I was using it wasn't enough.

Then I had an idea that worked in 60 seconds! I got the steam generator I use for general cleaning and put the nozzle right on the end of the straw (It was a heavy Ikea reusable straw) and injected the steam direct down the straw onto the blockage.

At first there was rumbling noises then in about a minute or so a satisfying gurgle and the sink completely drained. It's good as new and I think that drain has never been cleaner.

Naturally you want your face, torso, hands, arms etc protected but it worked really well, so I guess heat really is your friend for getting through that salt layer.


I had this happen to me the other day. Luckily it clogged right at the top of the pipe, and i used one of my flexible 1/8" spade bit to drill a hole through it. With the hole there the LYE clog dissolved in a few seconds running hot water. It still didn't fix the original clog, so down to the crawl space I go!

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