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1

This would depend on if you're building a dog house, shed, home or villa. You are asking for specific answers about an obscure subject. Gather your information about the project and speak with a Qualified and Licensed Engineer in the jurisdiction that you will be doing the work.


2

Studs are vertical. They are present to transfer the weight from the top plates (which are the top pieces that frame the wall) to the bottom plates, all of which then gets transferred to the next level down. Beams and top plates are similar in function but beams carry more load over a wider span, and usually rest on either solid walls (foundation walls) or ...


2

If you live in an earthquake zone, it may already have a feature to prevent that, such as a central steel pin. In any case, slap-dash "reinforcing" can have effects opposite what you expect (could be your new system would break the post where it entered the concrete by concentrating forces there) - and the rot issue was already pointed out by #2448131 I ...


3

Concrete does not react well with normal wood, so don't pour up along the post. That's why the little block is on top of the pier you have, its made either of pressure treated wood, or redwood. If you really want a better pier, pour one a little larger then what you have, and you can include a metal hold down or strap to make sure nothing moves later. (and ...


0

I realize this is a late answer, and I hope your pergola still looks good. However the structure appears to be under built not only for strength but also for esthetics. The construction would be much stronger if the posts were 6x6 and the trimmers were perhaps 2x10. 2x8 joists notched in by 2 or 3 inches would be good and leave the trimmers uncut. To ...


0

I don't see why your idea would not work. Yes, you will need to remove the siding where your ledger attaches. You will have several important considerations: water intrusion at ledger board location. You will need to ensure that area is properly flashed and sealed, and try not to damage the waterproof membrane under your existing siding. roof slope and ...



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