Insulation is any material used to slow the transmission of heat or reduce the transmission of sound. Typical materials include fiberglass, foam, blown cellulose, and reflective foil. This should not be confused with weather stripping.

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Best way to air seal, vapor seal, and insulate exterior wall in old house?

I have a 90-year old house in Seattle. Exterior walls are constructed as follows: lath and plaster, uninsulated 2x4 stud bays, plank sheathing, cedar clapboard, 1" foil-faced styrofoam, vinyl siding. ...
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1answer
180 views

How do I apply foam board insulation behind a new recessed shelf in an exterior wall?

I want to make a recessed shelving in a exterior wall. When i took out the drywall, I found no insulation between the studs. Before I place the shelving parts, I want to put some insulation first ( I ...
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2answers
85 views

Does anyone have experience with insulating with waste-wool from shearing?

Does anyone have experience with insulating with waste wool from sheep-shearing. I am interested in washing and deodorizing techniques and also in the packing-density requirements. Plan is to use ...
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1answer
139 views

Insulating a stucco home

What is the best way to insulate a 1969 stucco home in the SF Bay Area? I have added a lot of insulation in the attic area but the rooms and walls are cold. Any suggestions? Steve
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22 views

Basement insulation under cantilever [duplicate]

I have a currently unfinished basement in a rather new home. There are a few places that have bay windows, or cantilevers that currently have only a bit of pink insulation thrown in fro the basement. ...
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1answer
167 views

Options for insulating a ceiling that is already finished (former 3 season room)

Is there a way to insulate a ceiling that is already finished and has no access point? More details below: Recently purchased a home in Eastern Massachusetts; one of the features was a room off the ...
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1answer
45 views

how to insulate very wide fireplace?

I want to air-seal my fireplace. The damper is 44" wide, and it's about 4 feet off the floor, not easy to reach. The chimney tapers gradually for several feet after that, a couple inches narrower per ...
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3answers
100 views

Can I remove the framed wall on the outside of my basement?

I have a 20 year old house (which is a basic colonial box). The basement has a standard poured concrete exterior wall. Against the concrete exterior wall, they framed a standard wood 2 x 4 wall, ...
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1answer
53 views

Foam Insulation

I recently had to partially rip out the dry wall and insulation from an inside wall that joins to the garage. The outside wall had a styrofoam layer to it. My tape measure says it's 1 inch thick. ...
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1answer
113 views

What is the proper way to insulate a cantilevered bay?

I have two areas of my house which are cantilevered. One is a bay area which extends about 2'. The other is the bottom of a fireplace box (gas fireplace). I have placed two layers of R-13 (I think) ...
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5answers
1k views

How can I add insulation to my roof?

I have an old 1930's house, the upstairs of which is in the pitched roof space. I've just checked and it has no insulation what-so-ever up there, so it is very much the same temperature as a loft at ...
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3answers
4k views

How do I insulate a whole-house fan during the winter?

I would like to insulate my whole-house fan in the winter. I've see insulating covers that you can attach with magnetic strips or velcro, but the look does not appeal to me and I don't trust how well ...
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1answer
146 views

Can I use foil bubble insulation inside the house on exterior walls?

I am retired and on a very limited income and this house needs some insulation! The walls are cold in the interior (the walls that are not interior type walls but on the other side is the outside.). ...
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1answer
448 views

Should I install insulation between the rim joist and the top of foam insulation?

I am in the beginning phases of finishing my basement, newer house with poured cement foundation and engineered I-beam floor joists. No moisture issues in the basement. Rim joist currently has a batt ...
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0answers
62 views

What could cause moisture on my bonus room floor?

Last week during a cold snap with high winds. I discovered moisture along the floor on one side of my bonus room, above the attached garage. Their was enough moisture that the baseboard molding ...
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2answers
75 views

How do I find the proper wires for service drop?

I have 125 amp service, and bought two #1 AWG black-colored wires for the electrician to use in his replacement. I couldn't find a white wire that size, or bare copper. Neither at Lowes nor Home ...
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4answers
39k views

What can I do about a room over the garage with temperature problems?

I'm learning many things about our new home. This winter I learned that a room directly above a garage stays much colder than the rest of the house (up to 10+ degrees colder in our case). What options ...
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4answers
919 views

Adding insulation to basement that already has vapor barrier

I have leftover insulation from doing my basement, little bits and pieces. In between the joists on my basement ceiling it is insulated with vapour barrier already from when the house was built. ...
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2answers
79 views

Optimize insulation cost / benefit

I have roof made by scheme from images. Both should be same, just different angle. I have 20cm of space yet to fill. How can I calculate conductivity in W/m2K if i fill missing 20cm of space with 20cm ...
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1answer
292 views

How can I close off crawl space vents for the winter?

My exterior air vents are still letting air into the crawl space, even after being closed for the winter. I've seen the suggestions for wedging plywood over the air vents to further block the air, but ...
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0answers
735 views

Cost of XPS panels vs. sprayed closed cell foam

I'm starting the process of finishing my nearly full height (7'2") basement and am costing out the insulation. Based on my research of what's best below grade, I'm debating between XPS foam panels ...
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2answers
59 views

Attic Moisture frost forming

WE have frost forming on the underside of the roof decking and on the nails there seems to have adequate insulation R-30 proper vents and ridge vent
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4answers
1k views

Can I paint over XPS insulation?

I've a top floor apartment in India which gets almost like an oven during the summers which is like for 9 months out of 12. I've decided to apply under the deck XPS 50mm (nailed to the ceiling). I ...
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1answer
24 views

When insulating a new house does the poly have to be caulked and taped at the top?

How far down from the top of the wall does the poly covering the insulation have to be and does it have to be caulked at the top and bottom and taped?
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3answers
485 views

What happens if XPS is an inch away from basement walls?

I live in Maine and am planning to insulate my basement. It has fairly smooth poured concrete walls. I've read online that spray foam is one option, and 2" of XPS directly against the wall is ...
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1answer
5k views

Should I block or insulate my air vents for the winter?

I live in a house which consists of a 17 year old extension on a 40 something year old cottage. The two main bedrooms are the only rooms in the house with air vents. They are also two of the coldest ...
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169 views

How to strengthen cracking joint compound after application over insulating foam sealant

Long story short, the wife is pregnant and wants the cats litter box 'outside.' My solution: put a 1'x1' hole in the wall ~10" deep between our living room and patio. Place a pet door over the ...
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1answer
207 views

Help needed to calculate the R value of a brick veneer wall (house built in 1958)?

I live in a house that was built in 1958. I am looking for the R value of my brick veneer walls. For that I would need to know how the wall was built (there should be the brick, some sheating, ...
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41 views

what is air permeability of silicone caulk?

What is the air permeability rating of silicone caulk? (say, GE Silicone II). I see that at building science there is a listing of various building materials and their permeability ratings, but it ...
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2answers
666 views

What can I do about this gap between the sill/exterior board and the subfloor?

I just discovered that my sill plate and joist setup is different than others I've seen (and I was a Realtor, so I've seen a lot of sills). As you can see from the picture, there's a gap between ...
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1answer
252 views

Water heater on concrete--should I build a platform? how much heat loss in winter?

I don't know if that title the best way to phrase the question. It's winter(ish) now, and I swear the hot water just doesn't last as long as it does in, say, September. The water heater tank is ...
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1answer
405 views

Draft from under baseboard - pull back carpet or remove baseboard to caulk?

Using an infrared thermometer/camera, I found what seems to be a draft coming from beneath a baseboard in the corner of a carpeted room. I understand that caulking can stop drafts from under ...
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3answers
222 views

Device to detect where heat or cold air is escaping or entering a structure

I would like to lower my environmental impact and reduce my energy bills by reducing areas where air might be entering or exiting my home. What type of device can be used to detect where heat or cool ...
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1answer
69 views

Insulating a thin-walled dormer

When I had my roof redone, we discovered that the nails they were using to put up the plywood base for the new roofing went through the sides of my dormers. Apparently those surfaces are a single ...
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3answers
3k views

How do I repair a drywall ceiling when there is blown in insulation above?

I was finishing the space above a garage. The space was buried in blown in cellulose insulation and we framed in some walls, laid a subfloor, and finished the room. During framing two different ...
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2answers
233 views

Can I insulate my exterior walls myself using blow-in?

I live in western Washington, where we see plenty of rain, but only a month or two of freezing temperatures each year. My exterior walls are drywall with horizontal wood siding. I feel crazy as I ...
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1answer
114 views

What insulation should I use in my attached garage?

I'm currently tearing out the sheetrock and everything in my attached garage to do general repairs to other things. I quickly found that there wasn't a single bit of insulation (which explains a lot ...
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1answer
280 views

sliding door leaking air, is it installed correctly?

I have 2 very newly installed ( < 1yr) jeldwen sliding patio doors (aluminum clad) , and I found that they are leaking air on inside around the bottom and side edges of trim. I am wondering ...
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1answer
794 views

Installing cardboard deflectors (baffles) in attic

Goal I need to install 75 cardboard deflectors (baffles) in my attic. I need to do this so that the cellulose does not go into my soffits. Current Setup I brought myself up three sheets of 2x10 ...
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1answer
173 views

rigid foam board in basement with exterior guard overkill?

I'm finishing a basement and have 8 foot and half concrete walls that I will be placing a stud wall in front of. I've scoured the net only to find a large number of opinions. My basement wall has an ...
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1answer
130 views

how do i improve the temperature of my sons room?

i have a house in new york and i have insulation with paper backing in the attic. My room which has the thermostat is always 4 degrees warmer than his room which is situated over the living room can i ...
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1answer
45 views

Fragile paperback on cellar ceiling batts

Installed in 1968, these insulation batts now fall, or hang. The paperback has become so fragile the insulating weight pulls it apart. What suggestions for a remedy? Replace? Or?
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5answers
2k views

Air sealing a whole house fan

I have a whole house fan installed in my house from the previous owners. I love the fan, as it lets me cool down the house quickly in the evening -- or after I fill the house with smoke from ...
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1answer
136 views

Is sealing via tape necessary for knee wall foam board insulation.?

I have dramatically improved the ventilation and insulation situation in my house's knee wall attic space, but I have one concern. I nailed up foam board over the studs and fiberglass batts. Do the ...
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1answer
109 views

which layer of rigid foam should i caulk when insulating rim joist?

I am insulating my rim joists with rigid foam board in a manner similar to that described on the familyhandyman's website. I am considering adding a second layer of foam board to get closer to the ...
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2answers
572 views

Is a PTHP an HVAC option for a super or well insulated structure?

Is a Packaged Terminal Heat Pump a good HVAC system for a structure that is super insulated or passively insulated assuming the unit is sized and fitted to meet the needs of the structure. There is ...
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2answers
383 views

Can an IR thermometer be used to check wall insulation?

IR point thermometers have come down a lot in price. IR imaging cameras haven't. Is there a reasonable approach to using the point thermometer to determine how well or poorly insulated my walls ...
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1answer
1k views

How do I insulate my garage ceiling?

My garage gets really cold in the winter and I'd like to insulate my ceiling and/or roof. Here is my ceiling I store quite a bit of things in the ceiling, so the idea is to insulate the inside of ...
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1answer
72 views

Strip on side of window letting cold air in

My apartment bedroom window has a thin vertical strip along the right side that allows warm air from the room to escape. Even with the bedroom thermostat set to 80 degrees, the room hasn't gone above ...
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3answers
2k views

How do I insulate around a gas fireplace without tearing it apart?

My home has a gas fireplace that we do not use very often. It is in a "bump out" on the back of the house. In the winter, cold air flows through the vents under the fireplace and if you feel the ...