Grounding, also earthing, refers to the practice of providing a direct conductive path to the physical ground for an electric short to a chassis. Tag questions involving the installation or retrofitting of grounding with this.

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25
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7answers
45k views

Would you ever wire white and ground together?

I was replacing some outlets in my house with tamper-resistant ones, and came across one where the white and ground were wired together, as seen in this picture. Why? Is that okay or appropriate ...
13
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4answers
58k views

I have a 3-pronged receptacle but no ground wire connected to it. Is this ok?

I removed the plates from outlets to paint walls and noticed that some of my electric boxes have ground wires connected to outlets while others do not have a green wire at all. Is this ok? I know ...
9
votes
2answers
374 views

Outlets not grounded? Remedy?

For some months, I'm renting an apartment in the Canary Islands. It looks like the plugs are not grounded. For example, when I connect my laptop, a ThinkPad T420si, then I feel an unpleasant sensation ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Is an ungrounded GFCI outlet safer than a plumbing-grounded non-GFCI outlet?

I'm in the United States. I have a handful of three-prong outlets that have been grounded to the underground water main just as it enters the crawlspace. All of the ground wires are home runs to the ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I ground old 2-prong receptacles? (120V)

I have several old receptacles that are 2-prong. There is armored cable running from the breaker panel to each receptacle. What do I need to do in order to install and properly ground new 3-prong ...
8
votes
4answers
11k views

Acceptable ground to neutral voltage?

First of all I'm pretty sure I know the theory behind the effect. I know about the inductive and capacitive coupling, about 3-phase balance problems and about ground bounce, so this question isn't ...
8
votes
1answer
6k views

Can I extend an electrical ground wire with a copper wire crimp?

I am working with an electrical socket and I need extra length on the ground wire. It doesn't seem unreasonable that I can attach an extra three inches to the existing one and attach it with a copper ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Does a device with a two prong plug need surge protection?

I have an iPhone and iPad whose power adapters are both two-prong. Since I cannot ground them in a surge protector, is it necessary that these devices even be used with a surge protector?
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a 'grounded neutral' and how bad is it?

I bought an electrical device a few months ago. A few weeks ago, it failed, complete with the release of magic smoke. I contacted the company, and they've had me mail it to them and have been ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I determine if my outlets can easily be grounded?

I'm not sure what to do here. I just moved into a building and my outlets are all 2 prong outlets. Here is what I know of for sure: All the outlets are 2 prong outlets The bathroom outlet has the ...
7
votes
3answers
79 views

How to add a gfci and surge protector to pool pump line?

I want to add a gfci and surge protector to the 240v circuit for my pool pump. The 12 guage power wires (red and black) and ground (green) run from the corner of yard directly to the main breaker ...
6
votes
5answers
7k views

Does a grounding wire from a breaker panel to an outside grounding rod need to be in conduit?

I've got a breaker panel in my detached garage (it is not a sub-panel, but is a primary forked off just past the meter). The panel seems to be wired correctly- the neutral and ground bars are tied ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Should I bond a water softener's in/out pipes?

Our house was built in 1997. The pipes are copper (including the city water supply pipe). Some time after the house was built, the previous owners installed a water softener. The softener parts are ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

How can I determine if my receptacles are grounded, and how can I fix it if they are not?

My upstairs office has 3-prong outlets, but according to my surge suppressor, they are not grounded. I took one of the sockets off to inspect how it was wired, and it seems to have a ground wire ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

How to use grounded European plug of coffee maker correctly in middle east countries?

I have bought a coffee maker with a European plug which doesn't have a grounding pin like our plugs here in Israel have. Here is a picture of the splitter I use and the European power plug: As seen ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Is it OK to have ground wire connected to breaker box wall instead of neutral bus?

After having issues with lights flickering, I noticed the main 100A breaker was warm and arcing slightly. Instead of just replacing the breaker, I decided to call in a electrician to install a larger ...
6
votes
3answers
547 views

Cloth-covered NM questions

My 50s era ranch home is wired using cloth-covered NM, as you can see in these photos (taken in a basement closet located under the stairwell where the NM is run exposed): Should I be suspicious ...
6
votes
1answer
17k views

Is there a length limit on grounding conductor to ground rod?

My service panel is over a concrete patio, it was improperly grounded in the crawlspace. I cannot drive a proper ground rod in the crawlspace so I would like to drive one into the earth on the side ...
5
votes
3answers
165 views

Checking light switch for grounding problems

I have a light switch in my building that frequently gives me a "shock" when I push it. The shock seems to come from the two mounting screws. It has a photoelectric sensor that turns the light off ...
5
votes
3answers
817 views

Does a neutral-to-ground voltage of 0.0 indicate a bootleg ground?

As described here (for example), in a correctly-wired receptacle, there will be a small potential difference between the neutral and ground wires that increases slightly with increasing load. I'm ...
5
votes
4answers
10k views

What could cause the ground wire on my baseboard heater to burn?

On the photo below, you can see that the ground wire as burned. Description of what i know: the wire is connected on a 240V line to my baseboard heater the wire seems to be a AWG 14/2 I don't know ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I create a “ground”

I live in a old house (built in 1918), and because their was no electricity back then, all electricity was added after, and weird enough, nothing has a ground. So, I'm having problem with my ...
5
votes
3answers
396 views

What can I do about a severed grounding wire?

After doing some yard cleanup, I realized that my panel ground wire was severed. I went to Home Depot and was told that they only carried a temporary solution (see attached photo) and that I should ...
5
votes
3answers
679 views

Ungrounded outlets, what are my options?

I'm currently in a lease on an apartment as a tenant. I've done quite a lot of small-time electrical work on places I've lived in the past: changing out outlets, switches, two-way switches, etc. I'm ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

Could bad grounding cause sparks and fire when connecting the cable box and TV?

I just moved into a home built in 1955. During inspection, it was noted that none of the outlets were grounded even though they had three prong outlets installed. Per our agreement, the owner ...
5
votes
1answer
153 views

How do I handle ground wires in 2-gang box with circuits coming from separate breaker boxes

In my house, I have 2 breaker boxes- in the basement there is a 200-amp main box, with the ground and neutral bars bonded. Feeding the main floor, there is a 100-amp sub-panel (branched off the main ...
5
votes
4answers
629 views

How do you ground residential network equipment?

I needed to run some Cat5e UTP network cables and decided to add network outlets to most rooms, run new phone wiring and RG6 as well. Much of what I've seen and read about residential and small ...
5
votes
2answers
221 views

Potential Home Grounding Issue - Illinois

I recently bought a new manufactured home. There are instances where people have touched the front door and received an electric shock. Using a non-contact voltage detector, I confirmed that there ...
5
votes
1answer
583 views

Can a single metal electrical box use two ground clips?

Inside a metal electrical box, can I use multiple ground clips (one for each conductor), or is it required that all ground conductors be twisted together and pigtailed into the same clip?
5
votes
1answer
629 views

How would I ground an internal ethernet surge protector?

I have a Cat-6 cable running to an external PoE security camera that I'd like to have surge protected, but I'm unsure how to ground the protector. It has a prong coming off that I assume is the ground ...
5
votes
1answer
520 views

Can I obtain grounding from a different outlet?

I have a room with 2 ungrounded (2-prong) outlets and 1 switched grounded (3-prong) outlet. This has not been a serious inconvenience so far, as most of the equipment I wish to connect has ungrounded ...
4
votes
3answers
105k views

Where does the ground wire go in a 3-prong dryer cord configuration?

We moved to a new place where the dryer connection is 3-prong instead of 4-prong. The dryer was originally 4-prong, so we bought a 3-prong cord and installed it. It works fine, except I am not ...
4
votes
2answers
115k views

How should I connect the ground wire for my light fixture?

I am replacing a light fixture in my bathroom and have the following setup: The electrical box is plastic The wire coming from supply has black (hot), white (neutral) and copper (ground). The light ...
4
votes
4answers
29k views

Can I safely ground a light fixture if the ceiling box has two hot and one neutral wire (no ground wire)

Checking for dupes, I saw this question, but the situation appears different as my box is metal, among other things. I'm fairly new to electrical projects, so bear with me. I recently installed a new ...
4
votes
3answers
113 views

Why are ungrounded GFCIs required to be labeled?

I discovered in my new house that someone had incorrectly connected grounded outlets (without any ground connected) to the knob and tube wiring. I have read that the outlets can be made safe by ...
4
votes
2answers
613 views

What are the grounding requirements for a panel fed from another panel?

I have a 60 amp subpanel in my garage and plan to add a second 30 amp subpanel to an out-building 130 ft away (fed from the 60 amp). I Plan to run 6 AWG 4-wire from the 60 amp to the 30 amp in 1 1/2 ...
4
votes
4answers
234 views

Looking for or adding a ground to an existing NEMA 10-30 socket

I have an unused older 3-wire dryer socket (NEMA 10-30R) in my garage, I would like to upgrade this to a NEMA 14-30 socket with an separate ground. I'll be using this for an EVSE unit for electrical ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this switch properly grounded?

I replaced a standard single pole switch with an Intermatic ST01 timer switch, into a metal electrical box with three other switches. The switch I was replacing had no ground connection, but some of ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Why do I hear intermittent speaker hum that goes away when I turn lights off or on?

I'm hearing speaker hum in a stereo system that I recently hooked up. I can't pinpoint when the hum begins, but I've identified that turning certain lights off or on in the same room eliminates the ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

How can I upgrade a 3 wire appliance receptacle to a 4 wire receptacle?

I have a cabin, wired for 220 and even has a sub-breaker near the outlet. There are 3 wires to the connector (two hots and the neutral). The range-top that I want to hook up is a 4-wire model (2 ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Can I terminate a ground wire to the neutral bus if the ground bus is full?

I have a Crouse-Hinds main load center. The ground bus is at the top left of panel and the neutral bus is at the bottom right of the panel. I want to add a 15 amp circuit for two outlets in my ...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

How many ground rods are required for panel and subpanel?

I have a main service panel with two breakers: the main service breaker and a single large breaker to another subpanel in the same structure. All other circuits are serviced from the subpanel. My ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

DIY solution for open ground wiring where electronics need to be plugged in?

Although many of the original two-prong outlets in a rental property (built around 1958) have been replaced with three-prong ones almost none of them are actually grounded (the couple that are ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How should I ground two switches in a handy box that were previously ungrounded?

I am replacing two light switches in my bathroom. One controls the light above the sink and the other controls the fan in the ceiling. When I took the old switches out, I saw that the three neutrals ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Can two ground rods be bonded via a PVC conduit above ground?

According to my understanding, if a supplementary ground rod is installed, it must be bonded to the existing rod via a buried 6 AWG cable (NFPA 70). However, because virtually every side of my house ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How should I connect to a short ground wire in a metal box?

I live in a 50's era house that has breakers and a ground wire in every metal box of the house. The problem is they only used 2 prong outlets. They cut the ground wire short and wrapped it around the ...
4
votes
3answers
262 views

What reasons are there to rewire an ungrounded circuit instead of adding GFCI protection?

The NEC allows replacing non-grounding-type (2-prong) receptacles with grounding-type (3-prong) receptacles by adding GFCI protection at the breaker or first outlet. What reasons might there be for ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Could a disconnected ground wire in the breaker box have caused any problems?

A major home improvement company renovated the outside of our home. During the process the subcontractor jacked into our breaker box without permission and without the use of an electrician. After ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Why does my computer have a ground fault only when a peripheral is attached?

I have a weird problem regarding grounding: I have a computer, printer and a LCD screen connected to the electric outlet through a power strip. My computer is zapping me when I touch the body so I ...
4
votes
2answers
36k views

Is it okay to have an ungrounded light fixture?

I recently moved into an older home (built in 1968) and have been replacing some of the older light fixtures. We pulled down one of the lights and found that there is a ground running into the box but ...