For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2
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1answer
26 views

How to frame ceiling in unfinished basement

My basement is partially finished. One room which is not finished, that I'd like to finish, sits below the garage. The room is surrounded by 4 walls of concrete blocks, has a concrete slab floor, and ...
2
votes
4answers
76 views

Framing a wall over a carpeted floor

I have a carpeted basement. There is both pad and carpet over concrete. There is a section I want to wall off and turn into a bedroom, it will not be load bearing. I would prefer not to have to ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the minimum thickness of an insulated bathroom wall

I am trying to build a basement bathroom in the corner of the house. Where I am, basement insulation codes are R10/13. What is the minimum that I can do to frame and insulate a wall. The two ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

How do I frame this oddly spaced rough in

It's been a long time since I posted about this stupid rough in (dang kids), but I'm attempting to get back on it. The spacing for these pipes are driving me crazy. For a quick reference, the ...
1
vote
3answers
134 views

Gutted a basement and found a window, what should I do?

I recently gutted my basement in an early 1900s home that was finished in the mid-80s, and discovered a window! This window is directly under my front door, hidden by a deck that I've never really ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

How can I expand a fireplace box in a framed wall?

We're creating a bumped-out wall with an inset fireplace (ventless, bioethanol), similar to this to give you an idea. One notable difference however is that the bottom of the fireplace will be ...
3
votes
1answer
468 views

How do I install a non-load bearing wall on a carpeted concrete floor and finished drywall ceiling?

I am looking to close off a stairwell with a new drywall wall. The area it will be installed is already finished with carpet stretched over the concrete floor and a popcorn drywall ceiling. What are ...
4
votes
2answers
607 views

How can I build deck stairs flush with the end of the deck?

I have a deck design where I want stairs coming down perpendicular to the joist starting at the end of the joist. You can see the picture as a generic not to scale drawing of what I mean. I had ...
2
votes
2answers
969 views

How do I frame a room in my garage?

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
0
votes
1answer
266 views

How far apart should temporary A braces be on 18ft side walls before permanent bracing?

I was wondering if anyone knew if there was a code for temporary bracing of a non-residential building before it is permanently braced with plywood? I was curious to know how far apart each "A" brace ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Asbestos in close proximity of floor repair

I have a floor repair to make in a 1950's home that had the large in floor central heater installed that has long been removed. The owner wants the grate removed and flooring toothed back in, matching ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How much termite damage to load-bearing studs and sill plates warrants reinforcement or replacement?

I opened up an exterior wall and found a lot of termite damage. They did a number on two load-bearing studs and the sill plate they're resting on. To get a sense of the damage, I cleared out as much ...
3
votes
2answers
256 views

How to frame a door in a passageway?

I'd like to add a door into the entrance of a passageway which leads into the bedrooms. The entrance dimensions are 87 1/4 X 39 3/4 and is drywall. it seems the standard door widths are 36 X 80, so it ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Can I build 11' x 5.5' loft with 2x2x8 beam and 2x4 joist?

I have looked at a lot of span tables and calculators and am not sure if I can safely build this loft. It is in a garage and will need to bear the weight of two or three people and a build-in desk ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Want to know if we can make the window size of a bay window larger?

I'm not sure if enough of the framing has been exposed in these photos to answer this question, but thought I would give it a try. I have more photos I can add, but I can only seem to put one in? We ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

How can I meet the height requirements for a door in a basement with a low ceiling?

To meet code we need a minimum 6'6" clearance through all doors. The ceiling height in most of the basement is 6'8", but the clearance through the exterior door is much less than that. On the inside ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Can I safely remove this unused blocking from a load-bearing wall?

In opening up an exterior (load-bearing wall) to re-insulate it and replace wood paneling with drywall, I found a weird piece of blocking towards the top. It doesn't look like it's supporting ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

How much of this load bearing wall can I remove?

How far can I spawn a gap between posts on a load bearing wall? I have an entry way from the living room to the dining room / kitchen area that I would like to expand. How far can I span across and ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

The sill plate touching my foundation isn't laying flat, it's about 10 degrees tilted. How do I install a header below it?

I installed a window in my basement 2 years ago and in the time since I've realized that I fastened the header incorrectly. Oops. I have to take it apart anyways to re-do the trim and match the other ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

How do I add support blocking for a floating sink (when the wall framing is metal studs)?

I'm installing a floating sink and think I need to install blocking between the studs. I would normally open the drywall at the correct height and use a 2x6 between the studs. But this is going into a ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Can I properly install Roxul mineral wool batts in a mostly-drywalled stud bay by pushing them up from below?

Using my nifty thermal camera, I discovered that my furnace closet's combustion air duct (visible in this question) is getting really hot when the attic heats up, and then (being sheet metal) it ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Have these cuts for a gas line structurally compromised my studs?

We are in the midst of a kitchen remodel and yesterday had someone come and run a new gas line as we are making the switch from an electric to a gas range. This fellow is a well rated pro but I'm ...
5
votes
3answers
242 views

How can I protect the soleplate when framing basement walls?

I plan on finishing my basement and I have a specific question about framing the walls and protecting the soleplate. I plan on framing and setting up the walls BEFORE laying the subfloor, but that ...
4
votes
3answers
424 views

How do I insulate space in loft to create music studio

I have 3 DIY created rooms in my large live/work studio/artist loft. They are made with 2x4 and 2x6, framing with drywall walls and plywood ceiling. The apt has 14' 7" ceilings so we just have ...
1
vote
4answers
418 views

How to fit 4" rigid aluminum duct vent in between walls when there is an angle brace?

I want to do what these people have done here: The problem is I have bracing going diagonally and it is not leaving enough space for the 4" aluminum duct vent. Can I saw the bracing off for the ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

What's the point of a thin (1/4" width) piece of wood set diagonally between two studs?

What's the point of a thin (1/4" width, ~2-3" wide) piece of wood set diagonally between two studs? I just took out a piece of drywall for some other work I'm doing, and between two studs, there's ...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

How do I properly frame an opening to angle a through-wall air conditioner?

I'm going to install a through-wall air conditioner using a purpose-built sleeve. The instructions from the manufacturer say to install it such that it angles slightly downwards to the outside (about ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Framing long walls - Lots of 8' sections or should I use longer top plates

For interior walls (bearing and non) I'm wondering what the preferred method for framing might be on long walls. For example a hallway. Should I just use normal ~8' long 2x4 as top plates and stagger ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

Can I drill a 3 1/2" hole through 5 joists?

I need to move a toilet to the other side of room approx. 6 ft I will have to drill a 3.5 in hole for the waste line in 5 floor joist on the second floor. Can I double them and still drill the 3.5 in ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Framing interior non-bearing wall with 24" on center for sound proofing

I'd like to sound proof a few interior walls in my house using the techniques for the 52 STC here (http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/soundproofing-solutions/soundproofing-walls/) which is basically ...
1
vote
2answers
343 views

Is it ok to sister a joist to burnt joist?

I am about to purchase a house that was damaged in a fire and sitting for 4 years. The fire was mostly contained to a small area, but some joists were burned quite badly, while other just had some ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

How to install a new window header that overlaps an old one

I'm attempting to move some windows. I have an engineer drawing up the exact plans of how to make sure it is structurally sound, but my question here is more on actual implementation. In one or two ...
2
votes
3answers
149 views

Make new walls match thickness of old walls

I'm working in a 1952 house and the studs used then are apparently 3 5/8" thick instead of the studs today at 3 1/2". I know it's really close so I'm wondering if I fill in door ways along a wall to ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Can I use engineered I joists as studs in a wall?

Project: 3m by 6m weekend house, roof 3m high, walls 20cm insulation. Question: I want build it from lighter/thinner materials, and i want to calculate from how thick materials i can build this I ...
2
votes
2answers
373 views

Are there span tables published for repairing a cut roof joist?

A roofing company mistakenly cut a 2 foot section out of a roof joist, on my home. I'm seeking a reference to what would constitute a proper repair, preferably a prescriptive code or a load table. ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Add floor framing using joist hangers?

I have a single story ranch where a corner of the house I believe was a car port. The roof line and walls all are framed such that it was always under the roof and considered part of the house, ...
4
votes
4answers
645 views

How do I get all these wires up from the basement to the attic?

I'd like to run new cabling for data, voice and tv but I'm having a hard time figuring out how to get some of the wires up to the attic for the 2nd floor and would like some advice. I've run cables, ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Recommened nailing schedue for cripple studs between header and top plate

I have a 2x6 header for a window in a remodel with approx 5" long cripples between the header and top plate. What is the preferred nailing schedule for the attaching the cripple studs to the top ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

What is this pipe - should I be worried?

We found it behind a wall, it is a bit more than 10 inches wide it has about an 3/4 inch of concrete between metal. It was jaggedly broke off on the bottom in the basement ceiling. It is also ...
2
votes
2answers
291 views

Interior wall installation over hardwood finished floor?

I'm looking at moving my interior walls around. We are planning to keep our existing floor and replace open spaces with the same floor. We will be refinishing the floors when the wall moving is done. ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a shear wall and what is it for?

I have a wall in the middle of my house which I have been told is a shear wall. The image below is a diagram I put together real quick to show what it looks like. The grey lines on the right are ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

How do I go about framing a half wall into a full wall?

My house has an second floor open loft area with a half wall that overlooks the foyer down below. I would like to enclose the half wall, add a closet and door to create a fourth bedroom. How do I go ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Can mortise and tenon joints be strong without glue?

I'm designing a loft bed (here's a rough picture without the cross supports and other details). Right now, most joints will be mortise and tenon. I'd like to be able to take the loft down to parts, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Do I need to remove existing drywall before framing an interior wall?

Below is a rough diagram of the interior wall I'd like to build. The wall is in green, and the rooms are in white. The grey offset around the edges of the walls represents 3/8" drywall. My question ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

What can I do about out of square rough opening for new windows?

I am building a new patio/sunroom, and I have framed up a small shear wall, along with openings for 2 new 4x6 windows. As I tried to install the windows today, I realize that the openings are out of ...
0
votes
1answer
709 views

What size timber beams do we need to span our ceiling/floor system?

We are building a hand hewn old oak log home (yes pioneer style not kit log). We want exposed solid timber beams in the ceiling of the main floor. We are having oak sawn into 2x6 tongue & groove ...
3
votes
1answer
221 views

Should I frame a wall before or after installing the subfloor?

I just ripped out the subfloor in my bathroom to make plumbing easier since I am changing the layout of my bathroom. I also want to increase the size of the bathroom and eat into the walk-in closet ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

What, if anything, do I do to repair notched floor joists?

I have been building for a long time, so I know where floor joists can be bored or notched without compromising their strength. Unfortunately, I have a client whose floor joists were hacked at by ...
2
votes
3answers
11k views

At a 6' span, how much can an SPF 2x4 turned on 3.5" end support?

The ends are secured, so how much load can a 6' span of SPF 2x4 support when turned on 3.5"?