For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2
votes
2answers
40 views

Soaking tub on the second floor: safe?

I am considering getting a soaking tub (pdf here) for my second floor master bathroom. However, I am unsure of how much weight the floor and walls below can support. The house itself is wood frame ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Do basement walls with metal framing and foam insulation require fireblocking and draftstopping?

Question: Do non-load bearing basement walls with metals framing and foam insulation (such as extruded polystyrene) in a single-family home require fireblocking and draftstopping? If so, what is the ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Can I use engineered I joists as studs in a wall?

Project: 3m by 6m weekend house, roof 3m high, walls 20cm insulation. Question: I want build it from lighter/thinner materials, and i want to calculate from how thick materials i can build this I ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

how to attach framing to this window in concrete?

I'm looking to finish my basement. I have several windows embedded in the concrete as shown in the picture below. I was planning to put framing up in front of the concrete and run some plywood all ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

Why are 2“x4”'s really 1.5“x3.5”?

Just curious as to the reasoning, is it a spec, or is it simply 'backwards compatibility'?
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I install a non-load bearing wall on a carpeted concrete floor and finished drywall ceiling?

I am looking to close off a stairwell with a new drywall wall. The area it will be installed is already finished with carpet stretched over the concrete floor and a popcorn drywall ceiling. What are ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I build deck stairs flush with the end of the deck?

I have a deck design where I want stairs coming down perpendicular to the joist starting at the end of the joist. You can see the picture as a generic not to scale drawing of what I mean. I had ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I frame a room in my garage?

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
9
votes
7answers
9k views

What are framing dimensions like in the metric world?

I was always curious about this. In the states we have: Lumber - Comes most commonly in 2 inch (2x4,6,8,10,12,16) and 4 inch (4x4,4x6) varieties. Plywood - Almost always 4x8 feet ...
4
votes
3answers
117 views

Should I be concerned that the sill plate is not lined up with the foundation?

I am in the process of building a one level home in PA. After the formed concrete walls were poured and the framing began, I noticed that on one side of the house that the sill plate was flush with ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Sill Plate not Lining up with Foundation Wall [duplicate]

I am in the process of building a one level home in PA. After the formed concrete walls were poured and the framing began, I noticed that on one side of the house that the sill plate was flush with ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

What can I do about a Rough opening that is REALLY out of square?

The house I am living in has a rather interesting problem. Due to what I suspect was Jack Daniels building inspections in this town in the 80's, the footing wall under the second floor dining room ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Do I leave this insulation up?

I am researching how to finish one room in my basement, and not sure what to do with what I think is vapor barrier or wall wrap insulation. Its only on two of the four walls which I assume is because ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Different options for setting floor joists on top of cinder block foundation

I am in the preliminary phases of a new home design, which I will eventually get run by a professional builder but I am conceptualizing it on my own. So I am exploring different ways to attach the ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Can I use braces to fix squeaky floors?

I have quite a few squeaky floors in my 6-month-old house. The main floor plywood (glued and nailed) got rained on as it was being assembled. My basement is unfinished. I would like to do some repairs ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Can it be appropriate to orient a 2x4 “wide side out”?

When we frame walls, we normally orient the 2x4 with the thin surface facing outward. What are the consequences of orienting the 2x4 so that the wide surface faces outward instead? Does the wood ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Load considerations on framing members that are only attached to concrete?

I am building out a workshop space in my basement, and want to put up framing on the walls, as shown here: Specifically the left wall and the far wall, both of which have a lip. The foundation ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Sistering stingers to convert stairs from closed to open stinger

I have a set of existing closed stringer stairs with a full wall on the left and half wall on the right. I am looking to remove the full wall and modify both sides of the stairs to an open style. I ...
2
votes
2answers
289 views

Attaching non-load bearing walls to steel I-beams

I'm preparing to remodel my basement. A steel I-beam runs the length the of the basement with vertical steel columns spaced periodically across the span. The beam is 5" wide and 8" tall. I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Expanding closet opening to its fullest

I have a closet in my kitchen that currently acts as our pantry. It looks like any standard closet with two sliding doors and shelves on the interior. It has a header above it for two sliding doors ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

What does a novice DIY'er need to know before building a wall higher than 8' (14.5' feet to be exact)?

I came upon this question, but it is regarding industrial space: How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall? Therefore, I am asking a new question that pertains to my residential situation. ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

How can I frame a wall in a confined space?

I have to frame a wall inside my cold storage so that I can insulate it. The cold storage is 5 ft wide and 30 feet long. I cannot frame the wall on the ground and raise it up like I would with plenty ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

How should I build a low profile stud wall in a basement?

I'm considering several options for building out a wall in a basement. Unfortunately, due to the way that the stairs leading to the basement are positioned in my house and the spacing I have to build ...
6
votes
5answers
549 views

How many Tapcons should be used to anchor a baseplate to a concrete floor?

I'm building a non-structural wall in my basement. I'm using Pressure-treated lumber on top of a foam sill gasket to protect from any moisture. How many tapcons should be used per 8-foot length to ...
5
votes
2answers
512 views

how critical are distances between studs?

I'm in the process of finishing my basement (east-central Minnesota, US). So far, I've put up a couple of wood stud walls... non-load bearing, simple partition walls. One one of these walls, the ...
1
vote
2answers
374 views

Suggestions on finishing a concrete vault

I have a newer home that the builder put a concrete vault in. It is basically the porch that was dug out fully to make a room under it with a steel security door. The concrete porch is the ceiling. ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Installing some blocking in a load bearing wall

I'm doing some work on a bathroom and I'm planning on installing a floating vanity. I've seen suggestions to just use toggles + 1 stud and/or toggles altogether and cross your fingers, but just for ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Should I use traditional 2x4 framing or 1x3 grid framing for a New England basement remodel?

I'm trying to decide which framing method to go with for a particular room while finishing a basement. I live in New England and I already have 2" foam board glued to the concrete using the correct ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Ceiling Fan Pancake Box Install

I need to replace a ceiling fan and add a round 1/2" deep pancake box. However, the clearance with the drywall is slightly off and leaves a gap in the ceiling when the ceiling fan is installed. Is it ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

How should I frame in a large window opening to install a smaller window?

I'm replacing some windows in my house. The original window openings were outsized for the rooms, so the replacement windows I've chosen are smaller, which means framing in the part of the opening ...
1
vote
3answers
874 views

Can I drill a 3 1/2" hole through 5 joists?

I need to move a toilet to the other side of room approx. 6 ft I will have to drill a 3.5 in hole for the waste line in 5 floor joist on the second floor. Can I double them and still drill the 3.5 in ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How do I install a new interior partition wall?

I am adding a new interior partition wall to frame a closet. The wall is perpendicular to the cathedral ceiling rafters (angled at 40deg). Can I nail/screw the top plate of the partition to the ...
7
votes
2answers
10k views

What size ceiling joists and rafters should I use for a 14' span?

I'm going to build a single story addition to my home with a width of 14ft. I plan on using ceiling joists every 16" but I'm not sure which size to get. The roof will be asphalt shingles and the attic ...
4
votes
2answers
593 views

What can I do about this gap between the sill/exterior board and the subfloor?

I just discovered that my sill plate and joist setup is different than others I've seen (and I was a Realtor, so I've seen a lot of sills). As you can see from the picture, there's a gap between ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Is it safe to remove 2 “extra” jack studs to make a 60" wide door opening wider?

We went to install our new main entrance 60" door (replacing double-door with single door and 2 sidelights). After we received the new door and shaved out more of the sheet rock, we saw that there ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is it a problem if the framing is 4" short of the edge of slab foundation?

Addition to house, added slab to 7.5' x 21' porch surrounded on 3 sides. Brick & siding exterior. I think the framers thought there was going to be continuous brick, because the framing is set ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

what size and orientation of wood should I use?

I need to replace a rotted wood piece that lays on top of a masonry column and is under (and supports) a 2" X 10" joist that supports a porch with a roof on it. The existing wood support piece ...
4
votes
4answers
421 views

Is it okay that framing in houses is sloppy?

I've been watching people do framing on residential homes for a while; both in person and on videos. The framing is very "sloppy" compared to watching a craftsman build a cabinet, for example. The ...
0
votes
0answers
641 views

Replacing Load-Bearing 2x4 wall with beam and posts - Basement

I would like replace a 64" section of a load bearing wall with a beam and 2 support posts. The current wall is 2x4 pressure treated sill plate on top of poured concrete, 5 2x4 vertical supports and ...
6
votes
3answers
614 views

What to do about a rotten top plate in the wall of old home addition?

This week's rainstorms brought a leak in my roof above a set of windows that are at the low end of a single-story addition with a shallow roof. Our search for the source of the leak (which turned out ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Costruction specs for cabin

Building a simple cabin 20 x 30 feet single story with gable roof. What size should the ceiling joists and roof rafters be? Roof rafters run across the 20' span.
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Wood Cladding Construction Technique

I am working on a tiny house idea that includes a construction technique that I've modified somewhat from something else I saw. I wanted to run it by folks, to see about the wisdom of it. The desire ...
0
votes
2answers
336 views

How far apart should temporary A braces be on 18ft side walls before permanent bracing?

I was wondering if anyone knew if there was a code for temporary bracing of a non-residential building before it is permanently braced with plywood? I was curious to know how far apart each "A" brace ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

How do I frame in the open front of a 12' high shop/garage building

My building is 32' wide, 26' deep by 12' high. I believe it was built as a carport for RV and other vehicles. The 3-walls use 2x4's 24"oc - the front opening has a good sturdy header that runs the ...
4
votes
3answers
254 views

What is the proper order in framing the basement walls?

I am thinking of finishing my basement and am wondering what is the proper order of things for framing the walls. Do I put up perimeter walls first with electrical, insulation and vapor barrier, and ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Can mortise and tenon joints be strong without glue?

I'm designing a loft bed (here's a rough picture without the cross supports and other details). Right now, most joints will be mortise and tenon. I'd like to be able to take the loft down to parts, ...
1
vote
2answers
241 views

Does the rough opening for this door need to be reframed?

I bought an inexpensive 32" prehung entry door to replace an old wood door in my detached garage. After removing the old door and some really bad furring work, the rough opening is just shy of 36" ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Stud wall bracing

I need to remove a steel brace in the wall between my bedroom and the garage. I'm building a closet in the garage for the bedroom. I'm opening the wall to install mirrored sliding doors. There is ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

Frame wall with steel post at corner

How do I frame this corner? There are already two walls up (the one on the left that will become a closet), but that the corner where they meet is a steel post. Obviously I can't move that, and I ...
1
vote
0answers
204 views

frame soffit against foundation wall

I'm framing my basement and I have a duct that runs along the foundation wall. There's a little over a 1" gap between the duct and the wall, so I was planning on putting up XPS along the wall and then ...