For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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463 views

Framing interior non-bearing wall with 24" on center for sound proofing

I'd like to sound proof a few interior walls in my house using the techniques for the 52 STC here (http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/soundproofing-solutions/soundproofing-walls/) which is basically ...
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2answers
615 views

Recommened nailing schedue for cripple studs between header and top plate

I have a 2x6 header for a window in a remodel with approx 5" long cripples between the header and top plate. What is the preferred nailing schedule for the attaching the cripple studs to the top ...
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1answer
2k views

Is a2x8x10' enough support as a ridge beam for a 14'x10' shed roof?

I'm building a 14' x 10' shed with a gable roof w/ 3.5/12 pitch. I plan on a 2x8x10' ridge beam attached &supported by 2-3 2x4's. rafters will be 2x6x8' 16 or 24" oc. i was hoping for an opinion ...
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1answer
521 views

How can I expand a fireplace box in a framed wall?

We're creating a bumped-out wall with an inset fireplace (ventless, bioethanol), similar to this to give you an idea. One notable difference however is that the bottom of the fireplace will be ...
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1answer
1k views

What can I do about joist framing in brick pockets that is uneven and loose?

A 100 year old house with solid cement then brick structure has old floor joists in brick pockets. The joists are 2 by 8 and 2 by 10 inches and spaced about 19 inches apart and not consistently so. ...
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1answer
2k views

Can I use a threaded rod for a rafter tie?

Long story short: I am working on a 1960's house with no rafter ties. The rafters themselves are now attached with screws and strong-ties (previously just double nailed!) but I don't have faith in the ...
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1answer
4k views

What is the proper way to install a exterior door in brick/drywall wall?

A little background: in Brazil drywall is kind of novelty yet, mostly used on comercial building. Houses here are still built only using bricks, with the jambs of door being affixed to the bricks ...
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35 views

What's the best way to cut through this wall?

I am adding insulation+drywall between open rafters. What's the best way (tool, blade/bit, technique, other advice) to get through these wall layers for ventilation? (I'll put mesh and grilles over ...
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1answer
19 views

Installing a wall vent when stud blocks the opening?

I'm installing a rear duct range hood and need to open a ~4"x18" hole through the exterior wall. A 2x6 stud blocks the hole. I plan to cut the stud and place a header, jack studs, and sill around ...
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37 views

Can you lay subfloor on concrete before framing interior walls?

Our unfinished basement has a concrete floor and poured concrete walls. It has stayed completely dry all year for a decade since the house was built. I will be framing the exterior walls 1" from the ...
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28 views

Where can I find drawings of a mobile home's construction?

I bought my very first trailer/mobile home last August. I've never lived in one, never spent significant time in one, know less than nothing about them. That said, I have a doublewide 90 Commodore. ...
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1answer
124 views

How would I go about installing a prehung door in this opening?

I've got an actual opening of 35.5" in an opening between my basement and garage. I'd like to install a prehung door (first time), and am a bit confused about the width necessary for framing. My ...
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1answer
424 views

Stud wall that doesn't connect to ceiling?

I am going to be framing out a stud wall in a bathroom for a new walk-in shower. The room has tall vaulted ceilings and I do not want this new shower wall to go all the way up. Maybe just 7-8 feet ...
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0answers
45 views

Does the junction between two horizontal spaces need to be fireblocked?

This question is in regard to interpretation of IRC:2012 R302.11 for a single family dwelling. It is clear that junctions between vertical and horizontal framing need to be fireblocked (e.g. between ...
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0answers
130 views

Sistering stingers to convert stairs from closed to open stinger

I have a set of existing closed stringer stairs with a full wall on the left and half wall on the right. I am looking to remove the full wall and modify both sides of the stairs to an open style. I ...
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0answers
82 views

How do I frame in the open front of a 12' high shop/garage building

My building is 32' wide, 26' deep by 12' high. I believe it was built as a carport for RV and other vehicles. The 3-walls use 2x4's 24"oc - the front opening has a good sturdy header that runs the ...
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2answers
1k views

Suggestions on finishing a concrete vault

I have a newer home that the builder put a concrete vault in. It is basically the porch that was dug out fully to make a room under it with a steel security door. The concrete porch is the ceiling. ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I frame a room in my garage? [closed]

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
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2answers
105 views

Load capacity of 2x4s spaced 16"

We are trying to finish an above garage attic space as a playroom (since the ceiling will be slanted - 7' to 4' headroom). The "room" is 25' x 8' and currently has 2x4s that are 16" apart. My current ...
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2answers
61 views

Are hairline cracks in a stud a problem

So related to my question Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?, is it a problem if the studs develop hairline cracks from the nailing? It seems like almost every nail splits the ...
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2answers
43 views

How to run drywall backer parallel to I-joist?

I'm trying to install a non-load bearing basement wall parallel to an I-joist. The tricky part is, how do I run a drywall backer parallel to the I-joist? The top plate is wider than the flange of the ...
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2answers
66 views

How far out off the wall framing do gypsum panels for the ceiling need to be?

How many inches does fire drywall need to be from wall out on ceiling?
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87 views

16' Tall Load Bearing Wall

I am planning to build a 12'x12' cabin. I cannot go bigger than 12x12, but there are no height restrictions so I'd like to incorporate a loft. I'm thinking front wall at 16' tall and rear wall at 12' ...
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2answers
639 views

Different options for setting floor joists on top of cinder block foundation

I am in the preliminary phases of a new home design, which I will eventually get run by a professional builder but I am conceptualizing it on my own. So I am exploring different ways to attach the ...
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1answer
85 views

How to toe-nail with 4 nails

This seems like a silly question, but how does one toe-nail a stud to a plate with 4 8d nails according to this International Building Code fastener schedule? You can use either 3-16d nails or 4-8d ...
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2answers
354 views

Frame wall with steel post at corner

How do I frame this corner? There are already two walls up (the one on the left that will become a closet), but that the corner where they meet is a steel post. Obviously I can't move that, and I ...
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2answers
49 views

24" OC Interior Wall Framing for UDC

I am framing my basement tomorrow and I'm thinking of using 24" OC for my interior non-load bearing walls. I plan on using 2 sheets of 5/8" sheet rock with a noise dampening compound. Is 24 OC legal ...
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2answers
55 views

What header size for a 36" wide window?

I want to replace a 20" W window ( 20 5/8" rough) with a 36" (rough) window. I want it to be as close to the ceiling as possible. It is a single story house with 2x4 studs on 16" centers. It has a ...
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1answer
48 views

Nail Gun for Framing and installing subfloor

I'm looking to buy a nail gun because I have a lot of framing and probably 90+ sheets of subfloor to install this summer 1) I would use 16d coated sinkers for the studs and 8d nails for the flooring, ...
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1answer
36 views

Add bracing to I-Joist

I am trying to build a non-load bearing wall parallel to the I-joist in my basement. I know that I need to add bracing to span the gap between the wall and the joist, but I am slightly confused as to ...
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1answer
51 views

what size of beam should I use to replace 3 2x8 that is 16 feet?

What is the equivalent of a 3 2x8, 16 feet? I would like to use one beam (for decorative effect) instead of the 2x8s since the beam will be exposed. This will go up in my dining room ceiling. If the ...
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2answers
124 views

Basement wall studs: any alternatives to wood?

I'm now getting ready to redo the basement that was flooded. See the horrifying images below.. Some questions: a) Why in the world is there a layer of plastic on studs - do I have to do the same ...
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1answer
141 views

Framing a window directly through a post in post-and-beam construction?

I have a single story home built on a concrete slab using post and beam construction. I have 4x4 posts spaced 5 feet apart along the exterior wall with 4x8 beams holding up a 4" tongue and groove roof ...
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2answers
278 views

Stud wall bracing

I need to remove a steel brace in the wall between my bedroom and the garage. I'm building a closet in the garage for the bedroom. I'm opening the wall to install mirrored sliding doors. There is ...
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2answers
4k views

How much of this load bearing wall can I remove?

How far can I spawn a gap between posts on a load bearing wall? I have an entry way from the living room to the dining room / kitchen area that I would like to expand. How far can I span across and ...
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1answer
1k views

Can I stack new beam to the top of old beam to extend span?

I have appropriately sized an LVL to extend a span by 3ft as well as assured the column support to the foundation at the new column. EDIT: The existing 12 ft span is carried by a 4x10, the new span ...
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1answer
68 views

Extending an existing deck

I am thinking about extending my existing deck, 10 ft wide by 18 ft long and replacing the deck boards with composite decking. I would like to know how far can I extend the deck width without adding ...
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1answer
44 views

How to support 1 corner of stair landing

We have a stair landing that is approx. 4 feet wide and 2 1/2 feet long. The 4 foot wide side rests on the outside concrete block wall. One inner corner appears to be held up by a 2x8 and 2x4, nailed ...
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1answer
34 views

How to attach wall on top of french drain in basement?

I am in the process of finishing my basement and had an interior french drain system installed. I now want to start putting walls up but am unsure how to attach them on top of the french drain. I ...
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3answers
80 views

How to fix spacing with a California corner

Ugh. So I just framed two walls that form an interior corner. When I layed out the walls, I did the typical mark the centers on the 16's. What I did not account for, however, was the corner. I did ...
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1answer
39 views

Pressure treated for base plate framing on concrete

I used all PT 2x4 for framing base plates in my basement, attaching them mostly using a powder actuated nail gun. I did it because I think I read they are more exposed to moisture being directly on ...
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1answer
49 views

Do wires running attached to joists need to be protected?

So after asking How to build a wall under duct work ,I was thinking of going the #2 route and running a top plate next to the existing wire. Now, I've seen that when running wires through studs, you ...
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1answer
77 views

Removing a wall to the ceiling / roof

Edit 2: I called an engineer and paid for his evaluation of the wall. It's not load bearing. Realized that I left out some basics about the house. This house is built on a raised foundation with ...
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3answers
75 views

Safe to remove entry stairwall?

We have a split entry that is minuscule with stairs heading either up or down and a tiny landing. I would like to remove the wall separating the up from the downstairs (it may be the only wall that ...
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1answer
61 views

How should I secure stops against clear acrylic sheet in a half wall?

I just built a half wall (sort of) with acrylic sheet in my basement to partition my server equipment from my woodworking area to keep my electronics more sawdust free. The top half of the wall is a ...
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1answer
254 views

How to install dryer ducting inside existing wall?

I'm thinking about installing a recessed dryer box like this. http://www.homedepot.com/p/Dundas-Jafine-Recessed-Dryer-Vent-Box-DRB4XZW/202449693 Apparently with 4" studs you have to compress the ...
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1answer
74 views

Are 2x4 rafters legal in Connecticut? 13 ft runs

so I bought a REO house and about to redo the roof above the garage. I've noticed that I need to replace some rafters. However - I'm seeing that rafter are 2x4... Is that code-legal? p.s. by 13 ft ...
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3answers
337 views

Knee Wall Without Top Plate

I'm finishing our attic and I can't quite figure out the best approach. The house came with the attic already "framed" with a kneewall, but the studs are just just angled directly into the rafters ...
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1answer
37 views

Framing new wall/door

I have a dining room that I want to convert into a home office. There are two openings that I would like to close up and put doors in. Here is a rendering of both locations: I made an attempt at ...
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2answers
236 views

building garage what is proper way to frame an 8 ft garage door

concrete base is 6" high and is 8 Ft wide. I am in the process of framing a 16 ft X 18 ft garage