For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2answers
2k views

What header joist sizes do I need for a loft bed?

I've decided to design and build a king-sized loft bed for our bedroom. Basically, I've got an 80" x 89" frame, 54" off the floor, covered with slats instead of plywood (see image, below). I'm sure I'...
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1answer
389 views

Caulking for deck frame

To seal the seam between a doubled joist or beam, what type of caulking is best? The Home Depot Decks 123 book recommends Alex Plus (acrylic latex plus silicone) while a guy at Home Depot suggested ...
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1answer
25 views

What length header should I consider?

I have 2 bathroom remodeling we are planning on the 2nd floor of 2 storied house. I want to carve out part of the bathroom as laundry room where Washer (27") and Dryer (27") will be stacked in a ...
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1answer
46 views

Best way(s) to add new king stud to existing exterior wall

I'm going to be removing a large 4'wide x 7'tall window and replacing it with a small 3'x2' window. I will probably need to add a couple of new king studs when framing up and to keep everything 16" ...
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1answer
54 views

Diagonal Cut-in Brace Removal?

I am working on renovating my dining room and while tearing out drywall I found a diagonal cut-in brace which is running from the front of the house along side an exterior wall. I am trying to ...
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1answer
15 views

Can a 290mm x 45mm lvl beam be used as a structural ridge beam?

Also are ridge beams only used for exposed ceilings, or can you install ceiling joists which are connected to the rafters, - i assume this would provide extra support. This is for a single story ...
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5answers
78 views

Sill plate alternatives when *not* using pressure treated wood?

I have a barn I am restoring. I do not want to use pressure treated wood for the sole plate or sill plate. My carpenter would use 4 x6 locust at 12 foot lengths, but we cannot find any. Can anyone ...
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1answer
18 views

Interior Platform Steel Tube Framing?

I'm building a platform 22.5-23.5" high in a space 88" by 62-64", supports on three side but one free span side for a bed to slide out - the long side, of course. Because of height/width restrictions, ...
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1answer
37 views

Are outer joists a different distance in “on center” floor framing?

I've watched some videos and talked to a contractor buddy about how to do floor framing. "16 inches on center" is the phrase I keep hearing, and I understand that that will ensure a layout divisible ...
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1answer
130 views

Extend Roof for Patio Cover

I have a corner patio area that I want to cover by extending the current roof. The side is 14.5' long and 9.5' wide. The slope is along the 9.5' side. I want to extend the roof line marked with ...
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1answer
69 views

Framing Exterior Long Wall in Sections

I am planning a 12'x24' shop. For the 24' walls I had planned on framing them as two separate 12' sections, vertically sheathing them on the ground and then raising them. I would ensure that the studs ...
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1answer
127 views

Vapor barrier problems

Update: added some additional details below based on comments. I have a basement bathroom that I am currently working on. I've framed and installed rough plumbing. I have some vapor barrier problems ...
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1answer
65 views

Increasing subfloor thickness under new shower pan

I ripped my old shower down to the studs and joists. The studs were rotten, the subfloor was rotten, and the top of the joists (in some places) were weak and rotten. I plan on replacing some studs ...
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1answer
226 views

How do I remove the carbon brush holders from my HD 77 Skil saw?

How do I remove carbon brush holders from a Skil Saw model HD-77 ? I have removed the set screws from the casing that retain the brush holders. The The motor casing is split to view the holders ...
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1answer
162 views

How would I go about installing a prehung door in this opening?

I've got an actual opening of 35.5" in an opening between my basement and garage. I'd like to install a prehung door (first time), and am a bit confused about the width necessary for framing. My ...
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3answers
201 views

prevent splitting w/ nailgun in small pieces of wood

I'm using a framing nail gun to re-build some stairs. This is my first time using a nail gun so I'm inexperienced. There are some small pieces of wood that are used in a corner to support the last ...
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2answers
265 views

how to attach framing to this window in concrete?

I'm looking to finish my basement. I have several windows embedded in the concrete as shown in the picture below. I was planning to put framing up in front of the concrete and run some plywood all ...
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2answers
398 views

What does a novice DIY'er need to know before building a wall higher than 8' (14.5' feet to be exact)?

I came upon this question, but it is regarding industrial space: How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall? Therefore, I am asking a new question that pertains to my residential situation. ...
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1answer
256 views

Possible to remove truss and add collar ties?

I am doing a pretty significant garage renovation and had a couple questions. I was originally going to just replace the loft (the original wasn't supported on top the stud wall on side which always ...
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2answers
804 views

Want to know if we can make the window size of a bay window larger?

I'm not sure if enough of the framing has been exposed in these photos to answer this question, but thought I would give it a try. I have more photos I can add, but I can only seem to put one in? We ...
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1answer
305 views

Have these cuts for a gas line structurally compromised my studs?

We are in the midst of a kitchen remodel and yesterday had someone come and run a new gas line as we are making the switch from an electric to a gas range. This fellow is a well rated pro but I'm ...
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1answer
491 views

Framing interior non-bearing wall with 24" on center for sound proofing

I'd like to sound proof a few interior walls in my house using the techniques for the 52 STC here (http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/soundproofing-solutions/soundproofing-walls/) which is basically ...
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2answers
702 views

Recommened nailing schedue for cripple studs between header and top plate

I have a 2x6 header for a window in a remodel with approx 5" long cripples between the header and top plate. What is the preferred nailing schedule for the attaching the cripple studs to the top ...
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1answer
2k views

Is a2x8x10' enough support as a ridge beam for a 14'x10' shed roof?

I'm building a 14' x 10' shed with a gable roof w/ 3.5/12 pitch. I plan on a 2x8x10' ridge beam attached &supported by 2-3 2x4's. rafters will be 2x6x8' 16 or 24" oc. i was hoping for an opinion ...
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1answer
549 views

How can I expand a fireplace box in a framed wall?

We're creating a bumped-out wall with an inset fireplace (ventless, bioethanol), similar to this to give you an idea. One notable difference however is that the bottom of the fireplace will be ...
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1answer
1k views

What can I do about joist framing in brick pockets that is uneven and loose?

A 100 year old house with solid cement then brick structure has old floor joists in brick pockets. The joists are 2 by 8 and 2 by 10 inches and spaced about 19 inches apart and not consistently so. ...
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1answer
2k views

Can I use a threaded rod for a rafter tie?

Long story short: I am working on a 1960's house with no rafter ties. The rafters themselves are now attached with screws and strong-ties (previously just double nailed!) but I don't have faith in the ...
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1answer
4k views

What is the proper way to install a exterior door in brick/drywall wall?

A little background: in Brazil drywall is kind of novelty yet, mostly used on comercial building. Houses here are still built only using bricks, with the jambs of door being affixed to the bricks ...
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0answers
16 views

Footing for 4x8 swingset beam and playhouse

I am building a playhouse with swingset attaching to it. One side of the swingset beam (4x8x12) will be A-frame. The other side is attaching to the playhouse. I have a question about attaching to the ...
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1answer
53 views

How do I properly support the header when expanding a door opening?

I'm opening up a closet in our 1958 home. I believe (I plan to get confirmation from a licensed contractor or engineer) that this is not a load bearing wall considering that the opening runs parallel ...
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0answers
50 views

Attach one-step to ground level deck

I want to do something like this photo but I don't know how to attach the one-step platform thing: I circled two areas that should be attached by nails (assuming 16d Common Nail). But the photo ...
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0answers
45 views

What's the best way to cut through this wall?

I am adding insulation+drywall between open rafters. What's the best way (tool, blade/bit, technique, other advice) to get through these wall layers for ventilation? (I'll put mesh and grilles over ...
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1answer
96 views

Can I notch roof posts to install deck beams?

I had a larger roof built over my old deck. New 6x6's were used to support the new roof. They set on cement filled 8" tubes set 40 to 46 inches into the ground. I have been told I have to use 2x8 ...
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0answers
35 views

Where can I find drawings of a mobile home's construction?

I bought my very first trailer/mobile home last August. I've never lived in one, never spent significant time in one, know less than nothing about them. That said, I have a doublewide 90 Commodore. ...
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1answer
554 views

Stud wall that doesn't connect to ceiling?

I am going to be framing out a stud wall in a bathroom for a new walk-in shower. The room has tall vaulted ceilings and I do not want this new shower wall to go all the way up. Maybe just 7-8 feet ...
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0answers
45 views

Does the junction between two horizontal spaces need to be fireblocked?

This question is in regard to interpretation of IRC:2012 R302.11 for a single family dwelling. It is clear that junctions between vertical and horizontal framing need to be fireblocked (e.g. between ...
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0answers
160 views

Sistering stingers to convert stairs from closed to open stinger

I have a set of existing closed stringer stairs with a full wall on the left and half wall on the right. I am looking to remove the full wall and modify both sides of the stairs to an open style. I ...
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0answers
101 views

How do I frame in the open front of a 12' high shop/garage building

My building is 32' wide, 26' deep by 12' high. I believe it was built as a carport for RV and other vehicles. The 3-walls use 2x4's 24"oc - the front opening has a good sturdy header that runs the ...
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2answers
1k views

Suggestions on finishing a concrete vault

I have a newer home that the builder put a concrete vault in. It is basically the porch that was dug out fully to make a room under it with a steel security door. The concrete porch is the ceiling. ...
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2answers
4k views

How do I frame a room in my garage? [closed]

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
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2answers
142 views

Load capacity of 2x4s spaced 16"

We are trying to finish an above garage attic space as a playroom (since the ceiling will be slanted - 7' to 4' headroom). The "room" is 25' x 8' and currently has 2x4s that are 16" apart. My current ...
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2answers
83 views

Are hairline cracks in a stud a problem

So related to my question Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?, is it a problem if the studs develop hairline cracks from the nailing? It seems like almost every nail splits the ...
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2answers
34 views

How do I double screw corner posts

I'm building a dog house for our new puppy and got stuck on something. The plan... I want to build a frame and put external and internal walls so I can fill with insulation as Winter where we live ...
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2answers
72 views

How to run drywall backer parallel to I-joist?

I'm trying to install a non-load bearing basement wall parallel to an I-joist. The tricky part is, how do I run a drywall backer parallel to the I-joist? The top plate is wider than the flange of the ...
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2answers
67 views

How far out off the wall framing do gypsum panels for the ceiling need to be?

How many inches does fire drywall need to be from wall out on ceiling?
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98 views

16' Tall Load Bearing Wall

I am planning to build a 12'x12' cabin. I cannot go bigger than 12x12, but there are no height restrictions so I'd like to incorporate a loft. I'm thinking front wall at 16' tall and rear wall at 12' ...
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2answers
869 views

Different options for setting floor joists on top of cinder block foundation

I am in the preliminary phases of a new home design, which I will eventually get run by a professional builder but I am conceptualizing it on my own. So I am exploring different ways to attach the ...
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2answers
61 views

Metal bracket to hang stringer below joist?

I need to hang a stringer (basically another 2x8) right below my deck joist 2x8. Look like this photo Can you tell me what kind of hanger / bracket is it in the red circle? The article is from ...
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1answer
177 views

How to toe-nail with 4 nails

This seems like a silly question, but how does one toe-nail a stud to a plate with 4 8d nails according to this International Building Code fastener schedule? You can use either 3-16d nails or 4-8d ...
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2answers
391 views

Frame wall with steel post at corner

How do I frame this corner? There are already two walls up (the one on the left that will become a closet), but that the corner where they meet is a steel post. Obviously I can't move that, and I ...