For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2k views

What's the height limit of a wood framed building?

Using conventional light framing construction techniques, what is the maximum height of a wood framed building (in floors above grade)? I'm looking for any limitations in current building code, and ...
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3answers
6k views

What, if anything, do I do to repair notched floor joists?

I have been building for a long time, so I know where floor joists can be bored or notched without compromising their strength. Unfortunately, I have a client whose floor joists were hacked at by ...
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1answer
1k views

How close to plumb to deck posts need to be?

I'm building a deck as the floor of a 30' yurt. Construction is 4" x 6" joists on 4" x 4" posts, on pre-cast concrete pier blocks, on tamped gravel footings. Posts are 20" - 30" long. Lumber is ...
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1answer
38 views

Balloon frame fire blocking

I've got a two-story balloon frame house that is gutted. I have to install fire blocking between studs in the wall cavity. Do I install the fire blocking wherever there is a floor, or wherever there ...
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1answer
245 views

How can I make self-tapping sheet metal screws go into metal studs more easily?

I am framing metal stud walls to hang drywall in my basement. When using self-tapping sheet metal screws to secure the metal studs to the top and bottom stud tracks, it seems like the screws often ...
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1answer
109 views

Do building codes allow smaller nails when using gun instead of manually hammering?

I would like to use a framing nail gun for a bathroom addition. Do people usually substitute a shorter nail for 16d 3.5", but keep the same quantity and spacing? Does that pass code?
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1answer
77 views

How can I frame a wall in a confined space?

I have to frame a wall inside my cold storage so that I can insulate it. The cold storage is 5 ft wide and 30 feet long. I cannot frame the wall on the ground and raise it up like I would with plenty ...
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2answers
109 views

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build?

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build in the Seattle, WA area? Is there any reason to get an inspection prior to building completion? I don't ...
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3answers
4k views

How can I install a pre-hung door when soundboard has been installed?

Normally a 2x4 wall has a finished thickness of 4.5" (2x4 + 2x 1/2" drywall) I have 1/2" soundboard under one side of the drywall so my finished thickness is 5" I know that I can custom-order ...
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1answer
25 views

Given the variance in the depth of drive of a nail, how stringent are codes for length of nail when framing?

Related to Do the nails stick out any when toe-nailing studs?, given the variance in the depth of drive of the nail, how stringent are codes for framing? For example, the code for toe-nailing a stud ...
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1answer
86 views

How to build a wall under duct work

So I'm trying to finish my basement. I have a conundrum as to how to build a wall under a soffit. Here's my situation - I have an HVAC duct that is running really close to the wall - like maybe 1.5" ...
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2answers
63 views

Can I use a 2x6 beam stretched across a few of these roof rafters to support a hammock?

I want to hang a large hammock in my reading room. It used to be an open-air carport structure and so the construction is fairly lightweight. Here're some pictures of the ceiling/roof in question ...
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1answer
47 views

Building an archway

As part of a much larger building project, I will be replacing a 12 foot section of wall between two rooms, which includes removing two 2x4s and one 4x4. The 4x4 is due to the house being built using ...
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2answers
58 views

2x4s in hall closet

I am sawing an opening in the side of my protruding hall closet because it's the only place in my apartment that has room for a wine fridge. My plan was to find out where the framing was after ...
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2answers
165 views

4 King studs or 4 Jack studs

I have a 78 inch opening between two studs to install exterior French doors in a load bearing wall. I have a 72 inch door on order (actual size is 71 1/2 inch) To get to the 72 inch opening, I was ...
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1answer
117 views

Screws or nails for securing 2" lumber to overhead joists as fireblocking?

I will be installing fireblocking as part of finishing my basement. I plan to leave about an 8" gap between the newly framed walls (metal stud framing) and the cinder block foundation wall to avoid ...
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1answer
171 views

Do basement walls with metal framing and foam insulation require fireblocking and draftstopping?

Question: Do non-load bearing basement walls with metals framing and foam insulation (such as extruded polystyrene) in a single-family home require fireblocking and draftstopping? If so, what is the ...
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2answers
328 views

Proper way to connect joist to top plate?

What's the proper way to connect an element like this: I was thinking hurricane ties but was wondering if there was a better connector.
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1answer
75 views

Wall frame weirdness during renovations

so I am renovating my garage and noticed something in 2 spots along the frame when ripping down the drywall. Here is a photo: The walls of the garage have stood for many many years without major ...
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2answers
2k views

What header joist sizes do I need for a loft bed?

I've decided to design and build a king-sized loft bed for our bedroom. Basically, I've got an 80" x 89" frame, 54" off the floor, covered with slats instead of plywood (see image, below). I'm sure ...
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1answer
363 views

Caulking for deck frame

To seal the seam between a doubled joist or beam, what type of caulking is best? The Home Depot Decks 123 book recommends Alex Plus (acrylic latex plus silicone) while a guy at Home Depot suggested ...
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1answer
59 views

Vapor barrier problems

Update: added some additional details below based on comments. I have a basement bathroom that I am currently working on. I've framed and installed rough plumbing. I have some vapor barrier problems ...
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1answer
51 views

Increasing subfloor thickness under new shower pan

I ripped my old shower down to the studs and joists. The studs were rotten, the subfloor was rotten, and the top of the joists (in some places) were weak and rotten. I plan on replacing some studs ...
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1answer
124 views

How do I remove the carbon brush holders from my HD 77 Skil saw?

How do I remove carbon brush holders from a Skil Saw model HD-77 ? I have removed the set screws from the casing that retain the brush holders. The The motor casing is split to view the holders ...
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3answers
124 views

prevent splitting w/ nailgun in small pieces of wood

I'm using a framing nail gun to re-build some stairs. This is my first time using a nail gun so I'm inexperienced. There are some small pieces of wood that are used in a corner to support the last ...
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2answers
334 views

What does a novice DIY'er need to know before building a wall higher than 8' (14.5' feet to be exact)?

I came upon this question, but it is regarding industrial space: How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall? Therefore, I am asking a new question that pertains to my residential situation. ...
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1answer
201 views

Possible to remove truss and add collar ties?

I am doing a pretty significant garage renovation and had a couple questions. I was originally going to just replace the loft (the original wasn't supported on top the stud wall on side which always ...
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2answers
614 views

Want to know if we can make the window size of a bay window larger?

I'm not sure if enough of the framing has been exposed in these photos to answer this question, but thought I would give it a try. I have more photos I can add, but I can only seem to put one in? We ...
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1answer
227 views

Have these cuts for a gas line structurally compromised my studs?

We are in the midst of a kitchen remodel and yesterday had someone come and run a new gas line as we are making the switch from an electric to a gas range. This fellow is a well rated pro but I'm ...
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1answer
431 views

Framing interior non-bearing wall with 24" on center for sound proofing

I'd like to sound proof a few interior walls in my house using the techniques for the 52 STC here (http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/soundproofing-solutions/soundproofing-walls/) which is basically ...
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2answers
556 views

Recommened nailing schedue for cripple studs between header and top plate

I have a 2x6 header for a window in a remodel with approx 5" long cripples between the header and top plate. What is the preferred nailing schedule for the attaching the cripple studs to the top ...
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1answer
2k views

Is a2x8x10' enough support as a ridge beam for a 14'x10' shed roof?

I'm building a 14' x 10' shed with a gable roof w/ 3.5/12 pitch. I plan on a 2x8x10' ridge beam attached &supported by 2-3 2x4's. rafters will be 2x6x8' 16 or 24" oc. i was hoping for an opinion ...
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495 views

How can I expand a fireplace box in a framed wall?

We're creating a bumped-out wall with an inset fireplace (ventless, bioethanol), similar to this to give you an idea. One notable difference however is that the bottom of the fireplace will be ...
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1answer
1k views

What can I do about joist framing in brick pockets that is uneven and loose?

A 100 year old house with solid cement then brick structure has old floor joists in brick pockets. The joists are 2 by 8 and 2 by 10 inches and spaced about 19 inches apart and not consistently so. ...
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1answer
2k views

Can I use a threaded rod for a rafter tie?

Long story short: I am working on a 1960's house with no rafter ties. The rafters themselves are now attached with screws and strong-ties (previously just double nailed!) but I don't have faith in the ...
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1answer
4k views

What is the proper way to install a exterior door in brick/drywall wall?

A little background: in Brazil drywall is kind of novelty yet, mostly used on comercial building. Houses here are still built only using bricks, with the jambs of door being affixed to the bricks ...
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1answer
21 views

Calculating floor load strength

Well I'm sure this had been covered over and over. I could not find the formula I seek. I'm building a storage room in the back of a large steel building on my property and I was thinking I'd use the ...
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2answers
69 views

Need to install wood framing in a pipe filled wall to be able to hang shelving

I've got this wall, from which I've ripped off the drywall. The wall is 5' wide, 9' high. There's 4 flimsy metal studs and I'd like to install a few big sheets of plywood over those so I can put up 6 ...
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1answer
99 views

How would I go about installing a prehung door in this opening?

I've got an actual opening of 35.5" in an opening between my basement and garage. I'd like to install a prehung door (first time), and am a bit confused about the width necessary for framing. My ...
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1answer
283 views

Stud wall that doesn't connect to ceiling?

I am going to be framing out a stud wall in a bathroom for a new walk-in shower. The room has tall vaulted ceilings and I do not want this new shower wall to go all the way up. Maybe just 7-8 feet ...
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0answers
42 views

Does the junction between two horizontal spaces need to be fireblocked?

This question is in regard to interpretation of IRC:2012 R302.11 for a single family dwelling. It is clear that junctions between vertical and horizontal framing need to be fireblocked (e.g. between ...
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2answers
195 views

how to attach framing to this window in concrete?

I'm looking to finish my basement. I have several windows embedded in the concrete as shown in the picture below. I was planning to put framing up in front of the concrete and run some plywood all ...
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0answers
99 views

Sistering stingers to convert stairs from closed to open stinger

I have a set of existing closed stringer stairs with a full wall on the left and half wall on the right. I am looking to remove the full wall and modify both sides of the stairs to an open style. I ...
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0answers
79 views

How do I frame in the open front of a 12' high shop/garage building

My building is 32' wide, 26' deep by 12' high. I believe it was built as a carport for RV and other vehicles. The 3-walls use 2x4's 24"oc - the front opening has a good sturdy header that runs the ...
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2answers
941 views

Suggestions on finishing a concrete vault

I have a newer home that the builder put a concrete vault in. It is basically the porch that was dug out fully to make a room under it with a steel security door. The concrete porch is the ceiling. ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I frame a room in my garage? [closed]

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
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2answers
75 views

Load capacity of 2x4s spaced 16"

We are trying to finish an above garage attic space as a playroom (since the ceiling will be slanted - 7' to 4' headroom). The "room" is 25' x 8' and currently has 2x4s that are 16" apart. My current ...
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2answers
64 views

How far out off the wall framing do gypsum panels for the ceiling need to be?

How many inches does fire drywall need to be from wall out on ceiling?
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1answer
78 views

16' Tall Load Bearing Wall

I am planning to build a 12'x12' cabin. I cannot go bigger than 12x12, but there are no height restrictions so I'd like to incorporate a loft. I'm thinking front wall at 16' tall and rear wall at 12' ...
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2answers
406 views

Different options for setting floor joists on top of cinder block foundation

I am in the preliminary phases of a new home design, which I will eventually get run by a professional builder but I am conceptualizing it on my own. So I am exploring different ways to attach the ...