For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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1answer
172 views

How to attach short bottom plate for door frame to concrete floor?

I'm framing out my basement, which I've done once before in an old house. I use the treated wood (green board?) for the bottom plate, raise up the frames, get everything level, and use cut nails to ...
2
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2answers
731 views

Deck: Connecting Band/rim joist to floor joists

I'm building a deck. Joists are sitting on top of the beam and cantelever over the end of the beam a bit. What is the appropriate way to connect the rim (end of the deck that is perpendicular to ...
2
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2answers
785 views

Soaking tub on the second floor: safe?

I am considering getting a soaking tub (pdf here) for my second floor master bathroom. However, I am unsure of how much weight the floor and walls below can support. The house itself is wood frame ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Load considerations on framing members that are only attached to concrete?

I am building out a workshop space in my basement, and want to put up framing on the walls, as shown here: Specifically the left wall and the far wall, both of which have a lip. The foundation ...
2
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1answer
86 views

Is it a problem if the framing is 4" short of the edge of slab foundation?

Addition to house, added slab to 7.5' x 21' porch surrounded on 3 sides. Brick & siding exterior. I think the framers thought there was going to be continuous brick, because the framing is set ...
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2answers
539 views

How can I meet the height requirements for a door in a basement with a low ceiling?

To meet code we need a minimum 6'6" clearance through all doors. The ceiling height in most of the basement is 6'8", but the clearance through the exterior door is much less than that. On the inside ...
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2answers
7k views

Framing long walls - Lots of 8' sections or should I use longer top plates

For interior walls (bearing and non) I'm wondering what the preferred method for framing might be on long walls. For example a hallway. Should I just use normal ~8' long 2x4 as top plates and stagger ...
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1answer
627 views

How do I build the support structure for a 36"x14' built-in desk?

I would like to build a 36 in deep desk into a 14ft wide space that has floor to ceiling windows along the back. My initial idea is put cleat plates on the side walls, then run a 2x6 joist at 12 in ...
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2answers
451 views

How can I frame a ceiling tray in my dining room?

We have a 12x14 dining room and are looking to add a shallow 6"h x 15"w tray border around the outside. One of the longer sides will not hit any ceiling joists, so I will be using toggle bolts to keep ...
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3answers
111 views

Can I build a car-port on the side of my garage?

I have a 2-car attached garage but three cars in the household. While I'm obviously aware I can just leave the third car in the driveway, it inconveniently blocks the cars in the garage and in the ...
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0answers
66 views

Will my garage truss and beam configuration be adequate for a room in the attic?

I am getting ready to finish some of the space above the garage and have some questions. I am located in Pittsburgh, PA. The garage is sloped on both sides down to the floor. I was going to utilize ...
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2answers
134 views

Need to install wood framing in a pipe filled wall to be able to hang shelving

I've got this wall, from which I've ripped off the drywall. The wall is 5' wide, 9' high. There's 4 flimsy metal studs and I'd like to install a few big sheets of plywood over those so I can put up 6 ...
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2answers
7k views

What is the expense and difficulty of moving an exterior kitchen wall?

I'm considering a kitchen remodel, that is in the front-right corner of a house, and surrounded by a covered deck on both sides. The deck extends out 8ft in the front and 9ft on the right. I'd like ...
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3answers
111 views

Can I use a non-standard design for a stairwell ceiling cutout in an old house?

I am designing the framing for a stairwell in an 1870's cottage, which is presenting a few extra constraints. What seems to be the standard approach throws up a couple of additional issues, and I'm ...
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1answer
117 views

What's the deal with half-walls behind the kitchen cabinets? Can I cut into it?

So I've recently moved in to a new house and the kitchen has two "blind cabinets" but no real good place to put my cat's food and water where it will be out of the way. So I got this brilliant idea ...
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1answer
641 views

Is it possible to notch framing studs for installing conduit w/out structure collapsing?

I have a garage which is a simple structure - 4 walls, garage door, and a normal door. The structure is framed as one would expect, studs 16 inches apart. I want to put some extra wood paneling as an ...
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5answers
7k views

How to fit 4" rigid aluminum duct vent in between walls when there is an angle brace?

I want to do what these people have done here: The problem is I have bracing going diagonally and it is not leaving enough space for the 4" aluminum duct vent. Can I saw the bracing off for the ...
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2answers
76 views

Why are top-mount joist and purlin hangers shorter than actual lumber dimensions?

Looking at the load tables for various products, purlin hangers are often shorter than the actual size lumber they're supposed to hang: USP JPF USP HL The size difference seems more consistent at ...
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2answers
273 views

Wood Cladding Construction Technique

I am working on a tiny house idea that includes a construction technique that I've modified somewhat from something else I saw. I wanted to run it by folks, to see about the wisdom of it. The desire ...
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2answers
525 views

Does the rough opening for this door need to be reframed?

I bought an inexpensive 32" prehung entry door to replace an old wood door in my detached garage. After removing the old door and some really bad furring work, the rough opening is just shy of 36" ...
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2answers
114 views

Can I frame over an existing deck with a new deck to raise the level?

I was looking at below photo and realized they basically put the trim joists of the platform on top of the bottom joists / beam. Is that allowed? I thought you have to actually put footings for the ...
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2answers
530 views

Framing a door ON stairs, 3 steps to landing?

I have to build a door frame on a staircase. Problem is, at the bottom of the staircase are already 3 doors on all the walls, so putting another door right at the bottom of the stairs (on the ...
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3answers
435 views

Gutted a basement and found a window, what should I do?

I recently gutted my basement in an early 1900s home that was finished in the mid-80s, and discovered a window! This window is directly under my front door, hidden by a deck that I've never really ...
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3answers
4k views

Can I drill a 3 1/2" hole through 5 joists?

I need to move a toilet to the other side of room approx. 6 ft I will have to drill a 3.5 in hole for the waste line in 5 floor joist on the second floor. Can I double them and still drill the 3.5 in ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it ok to sister a joist to burnt joist?

I am about to purchase a house that was damaged in a fire and sitting for 4 years. The fire was mostly contained to a small area, but some joists were burned quite badly, while other just had some ...
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1answer
3k views

What's the height limit of a wood framed building?

Using conventional light framing construction techniques, what is the maximum height of a wood framed building (in floors above grade)? I'm looking for any limitations in current building code, and ...
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3answers
8k views

What, if anything, do I do to repair notched floor joists?

I have been building for a long time, so I know where floor joists can be bored or notched without compromising their strength. Unfortunately, I have a client whose floor joists were hacked at by ...
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1answer
1k views

How close to plumb to deck posts need to be?

I'm building a deck as the floor of a 30' yurt. Construction is 4" x 6" joists on 4" x 4" posts, on pre-cast concrete pier blocks, on tamped gravel footings. Posts are 20" - 30" long. Lumber is ...
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2answers
91 views

How tight should studs be when framing in place

How tight should studs be when framing a wall and cutting them to length and installing them in-place? Ideally I'd be able to cut my wood accurate to 1/64th, but that ain't happening. If they are a ...
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1answer
79 views

Balloon frame fire blocking

I've got a two-story balloon frame house that is gutted. I have to install fire blocking between studs in the wall cavity. Do I install the fire blocking wherever there is a floor, or wherever there ...
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1answer
562 views

How can I make self-tapping sheet metal screws go into metal studs more easily?

I am framing metal stud walls to hang drywall in my basement. When using self-tapping sheet metal screws to secure the metal studs to the top and bottom stud tracks, it seems like the screws often ...
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1answer
211 views

Do building codes allow smaller nails when using gun instead of manually hammering?

I would like to use a framing nail gun for a bathroom addition. Do people usually substitute a shorter nail for 16d 3.5", but keep the same quantity and spacing? Does that pass code?
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1answer
88 views

How can I frame a wall in a confined space?

I have to frame a wall inside my cold storage so that I can insulate it. The cold storage is 5 ft wide and 30 feet long. I cannot frame the wall on the ground and raise it up like I would with plenty ...
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2answers
113 views

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build?

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build in the Seattle, WA area? Is there any reason to get an inspection prior to building completion? I don't ...
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3answers
4k views

How can I install a pre-hung door when soundboard has been installed?

Normally a 2x4 wall has a finished thickness of 4.5" (2x4 + 2x 1/2" drywall) I have 1/2" soundboard under one side of the drywall so my finished thickness is 5" I know that I can custom-order pre-...
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1answer
33 views

How to waterproof inside cedar shed?

I want to build this shed like the picture below (I got from someone else) using my leftover cedar fence pickets: However I don't know if it will leak water from the side. There isn't much ...
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2answers
43 views

Nails for deck framing

I was told (as well as read online) that I should use 16d nails for deck framing. However I have been using nails labeled "Grip-Rite 5-lb 16D 3.5-in Hot-Dipped Galvanized Smooth Box Nails" in the ...
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1answer
101 views

Replace load bearing studs with 4x4 posts

I would like to open up our dining room to our living room, but don't want to install an LVL due to a limited budget. We decided to get creative. By simply removing the sheetrock, and using the ...
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2answers
45 views

Do I need ledger board when expand deck?

I have a deck like below and I want to expand the direction where the arrow shows (sorry for an ugly photo). Do I need to put a ledger board right on the trim joist, or can I just hang the new ...
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2answers
119 views

Where to split long walls

I'm trying to build walls for my basement, and not surprisingly, many walls are longer than 8/10/12/16ft. For many walls, I was thinking of putting up two 8' or 10' walls with the stud straddling ...
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1answer
57 views

Given the variance in the depth of drive of a nail, how stringent are codes for length of nail when framing?

Related to Do the nails stick out any when toe-nailing studs?, given the variance in the depth of drive of the nail, how stringent are codes for framing? For example, the code for toe-nailing a stud ...
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1answer
247 views

How to build a wall under duct work

So I'm trying to finish my basement. I have a conundrum as to how to build a wall under a soffit. Here's my situation - I have an HVAC duct that is running really close to the wall - like maybe 1.5" ...
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2answers
119 views

Can I use a 2x6 beam stretched across a few of these roof rafters to support a hammock?

I want to hang a large hammock in my reading room. It used to be an open-air carport structure and so the construction is fairly lightweight. Here're some pictures of the ceiling/roof in question pre-...
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1answer
59 views

Building an archway

As part of a much larger building project, I will be replacing a 12 foot section of wall between two rooms, which includes removing two 2x4s and one 4x4. The 4x4 is due to the house being built using ...
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2answers
64 views

2x4s in hall closet

I am sawing an opening in the side of my protruding hall closet because it's the only place in my apartment that has room for a wine fridge. My plan was to find out where the framing was after ...
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2answers
236 views

4 King studs or 4 Jack studs

I have a 78 inch opening between two studs to install exterior French doors in a load bearing wall. I have a 72 inch door on order (actual size is 71 1/2 inch) To get to the 72 inch opening, I was ...
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1answer
157 views

Screws or nails for securing 2" lumber to overhead joists as fireblocking?

I will be installing fireblocking as part of finishing my basement. I plan to leave about an 8" gap between the newly framed walls (metal stud framing) and the cinder block foundation wall to avoid ...
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1answer
241 views

Do basement walls with metal framing and foam insulation require fireblocking and draftstopping?

Question: Do non-load bearing basement walls with metals framing and foam insulation (such as extruded polystyrene) in a single-family home require fireblocking and draftstopping? If so, what is the ...
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2answers
511 views

Proper way to connect joist to top plate?

What's the proper way to connect an element like this: I was thinking hurricane ties but was wondering if there was a better connector.
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1answer
83 views

Wall frame weirdness during renovations

so I am renovating my garage and noticed something in 2 spots along the frame when ripping down the drywall. Here is a photo: The walls of the garage have stood for many many years without major ...