For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2answers
39 views

Different options for setting floor joists on top of cinder block foundation

I am in the preliminary phases of a new home design, which I will eventually get run by a professional builder but I am conceptualizing it on my own. So I am exploring different ways to attach the ...
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2answers
140 views

Frame wall with steel post at corner

How do I frame this corner? There are already two walls up (the one on the left that will become a closet), but that the corner where they meet is a steel post. Obviously I can't move that, and I ...
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2answers
113 views

Stud wall bracing

I need to remove a steel brace in the wall between my bedroom and the garage. I'm building a closet in the garage for the bedroom. I'm opening the wall to install mirrored sliding doors. There is ...
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2answers
1k views

How much of this load bearing wall can I remove?

How far can I spawn a gap between posts on a load bearing wall? I have an entry way from the living room to the dining room / kitchen area that I would like to expand. How far can I span across and ...
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1answer
714 views

Can I stack new beam to the top of old beam to extend span?

I have appropriately sized an LVL to extend a span by 3ft as well as assured the column support to the foundation at the new column. EDIT: The existing 12 ft span is carried by a 4x10, the new span ...
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2answers
107 views

Is it safe to remove 2 “extra” jack studs to make a 60" wide door opening wider?

We went to install our new main entrance 60" door (replacing double-door with single door and 2 sidelights). After we received the new door and shaved out more of the sheet rock, we saw that there ...
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1answer
245 views

How do I frame this oddly spaced rough in

It's been a long time since I posted about this stupid rough in (dang kids), but I'm attempting to get back on it. The spacing for these pipes are driving me crazy. For a quick reference, the ...
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1answer
102 views

The sill plate touching my foundation isn't laying flat, it's about 10 degrees tilted. How do I install a header below it?

I installed a window in my basement 2 years ago and in the time since I've realized that I fastened the header incorrectly. Oops. I have to take it apart anyways to re-do the trim and match the other ...
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1answer
132 views

How do I add support blocking for a floating sink (when the wall framing is metal studs)?

I'm installing a floating sink and think I need to install blocking between the studs. I would normally open the drywall at the correct height and use a 2x6 between the studs. But this is going into a ...
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1answer
121 views

What is this pipe - should I be worried?

We found it behind a wall, it is a bit more than 10 inches wide it has about an 3/4 inch of concrete between metal. It was jaggedly broke off on the bottom in the basement ceiling. It is also ...
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1answer
2k views

What size timber beams do we need to span our ceiling/floor system?

We are building a hand hewn old oak log home (yes pioneer style not kit log). We want exposed solid timber beams in the ceiling of the main floor. We are having oak sawn into 2x6 tongue & groove ...
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2answers
334 views

How far apart should temporary A braces be on 18ft side walls before permanent bracing?

I was wondering if anyone knew if there was a code for temporary bracing of a non-residential building before it is permanently braced with plywood? I was curious to know how far apart each "A" brace ...
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0answers
16 views

Sill Plate not Lining up with Foundation Wall [duplicate]

I am in the process of building a one level home in PA. After the formed concrete walls were poured and the framing began, I noticed that on one side of the house that the sill plate was flush with ...
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2answers
34 views

how to attach framing to this window in concrete?

I'm looking to finish my basement. I have several windows embedded in the concrete as shown in the picture below. I was planning to put framing up in front of the concrete and run some plywood all ...
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0answers
30 views

Can I use braces to fix squeaky floors?

I have quite a few squeaky floors in my 6-month-old house. The main floor plywood (glued and nailed) got rained on as it was being assembled. My basement is unfinished. I would like to do some repairs ...
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2answers
52 views

Expanding closet opening to its fullest

I have a closet in my kitchen that currently acts as our pantry. It looks like any standard closet with two sliding doors and shelves on the interior. It has a header above it for two sliding doors ...
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0answers
46 views

Installing some blocking in a load bearing wall

I'm doing some work on a bathroom and I'm planning on installing a floating vanity. I've seen suggestions to just use toggles + 1 stud and/or toggles altogether and cross your fingers, but just for ...
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0answers
34 views

How do I install a new interior partition wall?

I am adding a new interior partition wall to frame a closet. The wall is perpendicular to the cathedral ceiling rafters (angled at 40deg). Can I nail/screw the top plate of the partition to the ...
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0answers
16 views

what size and orientation of wood should I use?

I need to replace a rotted wood piece that lays on top of a masonry column and is under (and supports) a 2" X 10" joist that supports a porch with a roof on it. The existing wood support piece ...
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0answers
622 views

Replacing Load-Bearing 2x4 wall with beam and posts - Basement

I would like replace a 64" section of a load bearing wall with a beam and 2 support posts. The current wall is 2x4 pressure treated sill plate on top of poured concrete, 5 2x4 vertical supports and ...
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0answers
32 views

Costruction specs for cabin

Building a simple cabin 20 x 30 feet single story with gable roof. What size should the ceiling joists and roof rafters be? Roof rafters run across the 20' span.
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0answers
103 views

What is the minimum thickness of an insulated bathroom wall

I am trying to build a basement bathroom in the corner of the house. Where I am, basement insulation codes are R10/13. What is the minimum that I can do to frame and insulate a wall. The two ...
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0answers
36 views

Asbestos in close proximity of floor repair

I have a floor repair to make in a 1950's home that had the large in floor central heater installed that has long been removed. The owner wants the grate removed and flooring toothed back in, matching ...
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0answers
168 views

How much termite damage to load-bearing studs and sill plates warrants reinforcement or replacement?

I opened up an exterior wall and found a lot of termite damage. They did a number on two load-bearing studs and the sill plate they're resting on. To get a sense of the damage, I cleared out as much ...
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0answers
191 views

Add floor framing using joist hangers?

I have a single story ranch where a corner of the house I believe was a car port. The roof line and walls all are framed such that it was always under the roof and considered part of the house, ...
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187 views

Can turnbuckles hold a frame in tension?

I'm building a king-sized bunk bed using a loft/joist design. Basically, I've got (see below): slats nailed into joists joists joined to headers with blind tenons headers joined to posts with blind ...