For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
91 views

What is longest distance without attaching a top plate of interior wall

I have an interior wall in a building with metal roof trusses and drop ceilings. There are no wooden truss members or joists to attach the top plate of the wall. The interior wall will attach to an ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Can I attach drywall directly to a wood beam?

I'm finishing my basement and need to build a soffit around the HVAC trunks, pipes, and a wood beam. I'm planning to build a ladder on one side of the ducts and another between the ducts and the beam....
2
votes
1answer
462 views

Remove closet center support beam?

I have a bump-out closet in an addition. It had two sets of bi-fold doors, separated by a beam in the middle. The beam seems to bare very little load, and I'd like to remove it for one continuous ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

What is the difference between LVL 1.9 and 2.0?

A structural engineer gave me a header design using beams made from LVL 1.9. Looking around, I'm seeing more LVL 2.0 available locally. What is the difference?
1
vote
1answer
163 views

How would I go about installing a prehung door in this opening?

I've got an actual opening of 35.5" in an opening between my basement and garage. I'd like to install a prehung door (first time), and am a bit confused about the width necessary for framing. My ...
7
votes
3answers
346 views

What can I do about a Rough opening that is REALLY out of square?

The house I am living in has a rather interesting problem. Due to what I suspect was Jack Daniels building inspections in this town in the 80's, the footing wall under the second floor dining room ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I install a non-load bearing wall on a carpeted concrete floor and finished drywall ceiling?

I am looking to close off a stairwell with a new drywall wall. The area it will be installed is already finished with carpet stretched over the concrete floor and a popcorn drywall ceiling. What are ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Screws or nails for securing 2" lumber to overhead joists as fireblocking?

I will be installing fireblocking as part of finishing my basement. I plan to leave about an 8" gap between the newly framed walls (metal stud framing) and the cinder block foundation wall to avoid ...
1
vote
3answers
203 views

prevent splitting w/ nailgun in small pieces of wood

I'm using a framing nail gun to re-build some stairs. This is my first time using a nail gun so I'm inexperienced. There are some small pieces of wood that are used in a corner to support the last ...
1
vote
1answer
562 views

Stud wall that doesn't connect to ceiling?

I am going to be framing out a stud wall in a bathroom for a new walk-in shower. The room has tall vaulted ceilings and I do not want this new shower wall to go all the way up. Maybe just 7-8 feet ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Does the junction between two horizontal spaces need to be fireblocked?

This question is in regard to interpretation of IRC:2012 R302.11 for a single family dwelling. It is clear that junctions between vertical and horizontal framing need to be fireblocked (e.g. between ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Which method of framing a soffit around rectangular ductwork maximizes ceiling height?

I need to put a soffit around 18"(W) x 8"(H) x 23'(L) rectangular HVAC ductwork in my basement and I am very near to the minimal code requirements for ceiling height for obstructions before adding a ...
0
votes
1answer
178 views

question on the roof structure of my garage

This is a follow-up question on how to carry 20ft lumbers to home. Thanks for the advices and comments. I learned a lot. :) Because the question is now diviated from the original question, I made a ...
1
vote
5answers
8k views

How to fit 4" rigid aluminum duct vent in between walls when there is an angle brace?

I want to do what these people have done here: The problem is I have bracing going diagonally and it is not leaving enough space for the 4" aluminum duct vent. Can I saw the bracing off for the ...
2
votes
2answers
797 views

Soaking tub on the second floor: safe?

I am considering getting a soaking tub (pdf here) for my second floor master bathroom. However, I am unsure of how much weight the floor and walls below can support. The house itself is wood frame ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Do basement walls with metal framing and foam insulation require fireblocking and draftstopping?

Question: Do non-load bearing basement walls with metals framing and foam insulation (such as extruded polystyrene) in a single-family home require fireblocking and draftstopping? If so, what is the ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

Can I use engineered I joists as studs in a wall?

Project: 3m by 6m weekend house, roof 3m high, walls 20cm insulation. Question: I want build it from lighter/thinner materials, and i want to calculate from how thick materials i can build this I ...
15
votes
1answer
4k views

Why are 2“x4”'s really 1.5“x3.5”?

Just curious as to the reasoning, is it a spec, or is it simply 'backwards compatibility'?
12
votes
7answers
17k views

What are framing dimensions like in the metric world?

I was always curious about this. In the states we have: Lumber - Comes most commonly in 2 inch (2x4,6,8,10,12,16) and 4 inch (4x4,4x6) varieties. Plywood - Almost always 4x8 feet Drywall/...
4
votes
3answers
933 views

Should I be concerned that the sill plate is not lined up with the foundation?

I am in the process of building a one level home in PA. After the formed concrete walls were poured and the framing began, I noticed that on one side of the house that the sill plate was flush with ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Sill Plate not Lining up with Foundation Wall [duplicate]

I am in the process of building a one level home in PA. After the formed concrete walls were poured and the framing began, I noticed that on one side of the house that the sill plate was flush with ...
0
votes
2answers
882 views

Different options for setting floor joists on top of cinder block foundation

I am in the preliminary phases of a new home design, which I will eventually get run by a professional builder but I am conceptualizing it on my own. So I am exploring different ways to attach the ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Can I use braces to fix squeaky floors?

I have quite a few squeaky floors in my 6-month-old house. The main floor plywood (glued and nailed) got rained on as it was being assembled. My basement is unfinished. I would like to do some repairs ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Can it be appropriate to orient a 2x4 “wide side out”?

When we frame walls, we normally orient the 2x4 with the thin surface facing outward. What are the consequences of orienting the 2x4 so that the wide surface faces outward instead? Does the wood ...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

Sistering stingers to convert stairs from closed to open stinger

I have a set of existing closed stringer stairs with a full wall on the left and half wall on the right. I am looking to remove the full wall and modify both sides of the stairs to an open style. I ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Attaching non-load bearing walls to steel I-beams

I'm preparing to remodel my basement. A steel I-beam runs the length the of the basement with vertical steel columns spaced periodically across the span. The beam is 5" wide and 8" tall. I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
149 views

Expanding closet opening to its fullest

I have a closet in my kitchen that currently acts as our pantry. It looks like any standard closet with two sliding doors and shelves on the interior. It has a header above it for two sliding doors ...
1
vote
2answers
399 views

What does a novice DIY'er need to know before building a wall higher than 8' (14.5' feet to be exact)?

I came upon this question, but it is regarding industrial space: How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall? Therefore, I am asking a new question that pertains to my residential situation. ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

How can I frame a wall in a confined space?

I have to frame a wall inside my cold storage so that I can insulate it. The cold storage is 5 ft wide and 30 feet long. I cannot frame the wall on the ground and raise it up like I would with plenty ...
2
votes
1answer
263 views

How should I build a low profile stud wall in a basement?

I'm considering several options for building out a wall in a basement. Unfortunately, due to the way that the stairs leading to the basement are positioned in my house and the spacing I have to build ...
7
votes
5answers
6k views

How many Tapcons should be used to anchor a baseplate to a concrete floor?

I'm building a non-structural wall in my basement. I'm using Pressure-treated lumber on top of a foam sill gasket to protect from any moisture. How many tapcons should be used per 8-foot length to ...
5
votes
2answers
711 views

how critical are distances between studs?

I'm in the process of finishing my basement (east-central Minnesota, US). So far, I've put up a couple of wood stud walls... non-load bearing, simple partition walls. One one of these walls, the ...
2
votes
1answer
929 views

Should I use traditional 2x4 framing or 1x3 grid framing for a New England basement remodel?

I'm trying to decide which framing method to go with for a particular room while finishing a basement. I live in New England and I already have 2" foam board glued to the concrete using the correct ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Ceiling Fan Pancake Box Install

I need to replace a ceiling fan and add a round 1/2" deep pancake box. However, the clearance with the drywall is slightly off and leaves a gap in the ceiling when the ceiling fan is installed. Is it ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

How should I frame in a large window opening to install a smaller window?

I'm replacing some windows in my house. The original window openings were outsized for the rooms, so the replacement windows I've chosen are smaller, which means framing in the part of the opening ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Can I drill a 3 1/2" hole through 5 joists?

I need to move a toilet to the other side of room approx. 6 ft I will have to drill a 3.5 in hole for the waste line in 5 floor joist on the second floor. Can I double them and still drill the 3.5 in ...
7
votes
2answers
20k views

What size ceiling joists and rafters should I use for a 14' span?

I'm going to build a single story addition to my home with a width of 14ft. I plan on using ceiling joists every 16" but I'm not sure which size to get. The roof will be asphalt shingles and the attic ...
4
votes
2answers
873 views

What can I do about this gap between the sill/exterior board and the subfloor?

I just discovered that my sill plate and joist setup is different than others I've seen (and I was a Realtor, so I've seen a lot of sills). As you can see from the picture, there's a gap between ...
0
votes
2answers
498 views

Is it safe to remove 2 “extra” jack studs to make a 60" wide door opening wider?

We went to install our new main entrance 60" door (replacing double-door with single door and 2 sidelights). After we received the new door and shaved out more of the sheet rock, we saw that there ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Is it a problem if the framing is 4" short of the edge of slab foundation?

Addition to house, added slab to 7.5' x 21' porch surrounded on 3 sides. Brick & siding exterior. I think the framers thought there was going to be continuous brick, because the framing is set ...
3
votes
4answers
741 views

Is it okay that framing in houses is sloppy?

I've been watching people do framing on residential homes for a while; both in person and on videos. The framing is very "sloppy" compared to watching a craftsman build a cabinet, for example. The ...
0
votes
0answers
1k views

Replacing Load-Bearing 2x4 wall with beam and posts - Basement

I would like replace a 64" section of a load bearing wall with a beam and 2 support posts. The current wall is 2x4 pressure treated sill plate on top of poured concrete, 5 2x4 vertical supports and ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

What to do about a rotten top plate in the wall of old home addition?

This week's rainstorms brought a leak in my roof above a set of windows that are at the low end of a single-story addition with a shallow roof. Our search for the source of the leak (which turned out ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Costruction specs for cabin

Building a simple cabin 20 x 30 feet single story with gable roof. What size should the ceiling joists and roof rafters be? Roof rafters run across the 20' span.
1
vote
2answers
276 views

Wood Cladding Construction Technique

I am working on a tiny house idea that includes a construction technique that I've modified somewhat from something else I saw. I wanted to run it by folks, to see about the wisdom of it. The desire ...
0
votes
2answers
440 views

How far apart should temporary A braces be on 18ft side walls before permanent bracing?

I was wondering if anyone knew if there was a code for temporary bracing of a non-residential building before it is permanently braced with plywood? I was curious to know how far apart each "A" brace ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

How do I frame in the open front of a 12' high shop/garage building

My building is 32' wide, 26' deep by 12' high. I believe it was built as a carport for RV and other vehicles. The 3-walls use 2x4's 24"oc - the front opening has a good sturdy header that runs the ...
4
votes
3answers
536 views

What is the proper order in framing the basement walls?

I am thinking of finishing my basement and am wondering what is the proper order of things for framing the walls. Do I put up perimeter walls first with electrical, insulation and vapor barrier, and ...
1
vote
2answers
526 views

Does the rough opening for this door need to be reframed?

I bought an inexpensive 32" prehung entry door to replace an old wood door in my detached garage. After removing the old door and some really bad furring work, the rough opening is just shy of 36" ...
0
votes
2answers
318 views

Stud wall bracing

I need to remove a steel brace in the wall between my bedroom and the garage. I'm building a closet in the garage for the bedroom. I'm opening the wall to install mirrored sliding doors. There is a ...