For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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3
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2answers
573 views

Newly framed bathroom wall not square, how bad will the tile look?

I'm in the middle of a new bathroom install and have hit a bit of a snag with a bathroom wall being out of square. This bathroom was just framed from scratch, and as you can see from the attached ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Can I build 11' x 5.5' loft with 2x2x8 beam and 2x4 joist?

I have looked at a lot of span tables and calculators and am not sure if I can safely build this loft. It is in a garage and will need to bear the weight of two or three people and a build-in desk ...
3
votes
1answer
556 views

What is the proper way to frame in a room?

I'm looking to frame in this room (photo 2) to utilize the space for a 1st floor bathroom / 1st floor laundry room / storage. I think I have the process down having seen my uncles and brothers houses ...
3
votes
2answers
44 views

Lath and Plaster Framing: a Floating 2x4?

I'm putting a bathroom in upstairs. I sistered the joists (red arrows), but there is a 2x4 (blue arrow) laying flat directly above a wall that is between the downstairs office and the dinning room. ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

What is longest distance without attaching a top plate of interior wall

I have an interior wall in a building with metal roof trusses and drop ceilings. There are no wooden truss members or joists to attach the top plate of the wall. The interior wall will attach to an ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Should there be waterproofing between the rim joist and ledger on new construction?

My new house is being built with a deck and I noticed that the framer has fastened the ledger directly to the rim joist without any sort of waterproofing between. The sheathing which is Zip system ...
3
votes
1answer
749 views

Should I frame a wall before or after installing the subfloor?

I just ripped out the subfloor in my bathroom to make plumbing easier since I am changing the layout of my bathroom. I also want to increase the size of the bathroom and eat into the walk-in closet ...
3
votes
1answer
622 views

What types of materials should I consider when designing a bench?

I am building a dividing half-wall/shelving unit to separate my living room from entrance door. I am planning to put a bench on the side closer to the door (so me and my guests can sit down while ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are there span tables published for repairing a cut roof joist?

A roofing company mistakenly cut a 2 foot section out of a roof joist, on my home. I'm seeking a reference to what would constitute a proper repair, preferably a prescriptive code or a load table. ...
3
votes
3answers
104 views

What kind of jacks are used for lifting of framing in various situations?

I have two vertical house jacks from the local tool library, which I've used to support framing during extensive dry rot and termite repair: I'm into a section where the house jacks won't work. I ...
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votes
3answers
35k views

At a 6' span, how much can an SPF 2x4 turned on 3.5" end support?

The ends are secured, so how much load can a 6' span of SPF 2x4 support when turned on 3.5"?
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What framing do I need to build a garage with 13 ft walls to store a boat?

The garage door has to be 12x12ft and I need at least 12in of space between the top of my door opening and the ceiling. What changes do I need to make to the traditional framing techniques to support ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Attaching non-load bearing walls to steel I-beams

I'm preparing to remodel my basement. A steel I-beam runs the length the of the basement with vertical steel columns spaced periodically across the span. The beam is 5" wide and 8" tall. I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Make new walls match thickness of old walls

I'm working in a 1952 house and the studs used then are apparently 3 5/8" thick instead of the studs today at 3 1/2". I know it's really close so I'm wondering if I fill in door ways along a wall to ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

What type of nail gun is recommended?

Was reading this post: Are cheap electric brad nail guns worth it for fixing mouldings? I'm in the middle of fixing up an older home. I have an air compressor with a couple air powered brad-nailers ...
2
votes
2answers
954 views

How do you install blocking in a straight line?

When installing blocking that is staggered, you can end-nail it. But what about when it's important for the blocking to be in a straight line? For example, when you want to support butted-edges of ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you frame a wall around existing pipes and ducting?

Adding ducting or conduit or pipes to a wall is easy, you just drill or cut a hole. Adding a wall where there is already conduit and pipes poses more of a dilemma, especially if those things are ...
2
votes
3answers
130 views

How should I build the walls for a tiny house on a camper frame?

I am preparing to build a tiny house on an old camper frame, and am looking for advice on how to build the exterior walls. I'm planning to use 2x3 wood studs at 24" o.c., with 1/4" plywood on the ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How to frame a wall around existing exterior door

Framing a basement. I have a an exterior door that is set in the poured foundation. I'm building my wall that runs parallel to foundation that has the existing door and is ~2-4" from the foundation. ...
2
votes
1answer
355 views

Remove closet center support beam?

I have a bump-out closet in an addition. It had two sets of bi-fold doors, separated by a beam in the middle. The beam seems to bare very little load, and I'd like to remove it for one continuous ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

What is the difference between LVL 1.9 and 2.0?

A structural engineer gave me a header design using beams made from LVL 1.9. Looking around, I'm seeing more LVL 2.0 available locally. What is the difference?
2
votes
2answers
192 views

What's the point of a thin (1/4" width) piece of wood set diagonally between two studs?

What's the point of a thin (1/4" width, ~2-3" wide) piece of wood set diagonally between two studs? I just took out a piece of drywall for some other work I'm doing, and between two studs, there's ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What can I do about out of square rough opening for new windows?

I am building a new patio/sunroom, and I have framed up a small shear wall, along with openings for 2 new 4x6 windows. As I tried to install the windows today, I realize that the openings are out of ...
2
votes
1answer
713 views

What's the best way to lay out sheathing around a doorway?

Does it matter how you sheath around an exterior door? I think it would be stronger to break the sheathing over the door than at the corners, but I'm not sure. The wall is not load-bearing. Studs are ...
2
votes
2answers
22 views

ceiling joist storage expression

I have pre made truss ceiling joist in the garage. The joists are 2x4x21'. I want to use space above the joists for storage. I want to sister a 2x6x21' or 2x8x21' next to 2x4x21' is this ok? If ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

False roof frame in ceiling

Have never figured out what this is. There is basically a false roof frame in the attic. The peak is the opposite direction of the actual roof. As far as I know there hasn't been any major remodeling ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Which method of framing a soffit around rectangular ductwork maximizes ceiling height?

I need to put a soffit around 18"(W) x 8"(H) x 23'(L) rectangular HVAC ductwork in my basement and I am very near to the minimal code requirements for ceiling height for obstructions before adding a ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Can it be appropriate to orient a 2x4 “wide side out”?

When we frame walls, we normally orient the 2x4 with the thin surface facing outward. What are the consequences of orienting the 2x4 so that the wide surface faces outward instead? Does the wood ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

How should I build a low profile stud wall in a basement?

I'm considering several options for building out a wall in a basement. Unfortunately, due to the way that the stairs leading to the basement are positioned in my house and the spacing I have to build ...
2
votes
1answer
792 views

Should I use traditional 2x4 framing or 1x3 grid framing for a New England basement remodel?

I'm trying to decide which framing method to go with for a particular room while finishing a basement. I live in New England and I already have 2" foam board glued to the concrete using the correct ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Ceiling Fan Pancake Box Install

I need to replace a ceiling fan and add a round 1/2" deep pancake box. However, the clearance with the drywall is slightly off and leaves a gap in the ceiling when the ceiling fan is installed. Is it ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

How to frame ceiling in unfinished basement

My basement is partially finished. One room which is not finished, that I'd like to finish, sits below the garage. The room is surrounded by 4 walls of concrete blocks, has a concrete slab floor, and ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

Can I safely remove this unused blocking from a load-bearing wall?

In opening up an exterior (load-bearing wall) to re-insulate it and replace wood paneling with drywall, I found a weird piece of blocking towards the top. It doesn't look like it's supporting ...
2
votes
1answer
586 views

Can I properly install Roxul mineral wool batts in a mostly-drywalled stud bay by pushing them up from below?

Using my nifty thermal camera, I discovered that my furnace closet's combustion air duct (visible in this question) is getting really hot when the attic heats up, and then (being sheet metal) it ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to install a new window header that overlaps an old one

I'm attempting to move some windows. I have an engineer drawing up the exact plans of how to make sure it is structurally sound, but my question here is more on actual implementation. In one or two ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I go about framing a half wall into a full wall?

My house has an second floor open loft area with a half wall that overlooks the foyer down below. I would like to enclose the half wall, add a closet and door to create a fourth bedroom. How do I go ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Attaching sill plate to concrete, how do I attach framed wall to sill plate?

I am building a 12x12 shed on a concrete slab. I am going to bury j-bolts in the wet concrete so that I can attach the treated sill plate to it. The problem I'm running into is that the nut will be ...
2
votes
1answer
276 views

How large are in-wall heating vents that connect to registers?

I'm curious how large heating vents can typically be when connecting to in-wall registers. Do they fill up the entire space between studs? I'm framing for some drywall patches and would ideally not ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Can I build a staggered steel stud wall?

I want to build a house with steel. I'm interested in building like say 8' wide exterior walls, with staggered studs or double 3' studs to prevent thermal bridging; is this feasible? Are the studs ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Calculating floor load strength

Well I'm sure this had been covered over and over. I could not find the formula I seek. I'm building a storage room in the back of a large steel building on my property and I was thinking I'd use the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

How to attach short bottom plate for door frame to concrete floor?

I'm framing out my basement, which I've done once before in an old house. I use the treated wood (green board?) for the bottom plate, raise up the frames, get everything level, and use cut nails to ...
2
votes
2answers
507 views

Deck: Connecting Band/rim joist to floor joists

I'm building a deck. Joists are sitting on top of the beam and cantelever over the end of the beam a bit. What is the appropriate way to connect the rim (end of the deck that is perpendicular to ...
2
votes
2answers
536 views

Soaking tub on the second floor: safe?

I am considering getting a soaking tub (pdf here) for my second floor master bathroom. However, I am unsure of how much weight the floor and walls below can support. The house itself is wood frame ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Load considerations on framing members that are only attached to concrete?

I am building out a workshop space in my basement, and want to put up framing on the walls, as shown here: Specifically the left wall and the far wall, both of which have a lip. The foundation ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Is it a problem if the framing is 4" short of the edge of slab foundation?

Addition to house, added slab to 7.5' x 21' porch surrounded on 3 sides. Brick & siding exterior. I think the framers thought there was going to be continuous brick, because the framing is set ...
2
votes
2answers
488 views

How can I meet the height requirements for a door in a basement with a low ceiling?

To meet code we need a minimum 6'6" clearance through all doors. The ceiling height in most of the basement is 6'8", but the clearance through the exterior door is much less than that. On the inside ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Framing long walls - Lots of 8' sections or should I use longer top plates

For interior walls (bearing and non) I'm wondering what the preferred method for framing might be on long walls. For example a hallway. Should I just use normal ~8' long 2x4 as top plates and stagger ...
2
votes
1answer
590 views

How do I build the support structure for a 36"x14' built-in desk?

I would like to build a 36 in deep desk into a 14ft wide space that has floor to ceiling windows along the back. My initial idea is put cleat plates on the side walls, then run a 2x6 joist at 12 in ...
2
votes
2answers
438 views

How can I frame a ceiling tray in my dining room?

We have a 12x14 dining room and are looking to add a shallow 6"h x 15"w tray border around the outside. One of the longer sides will not hit any ceiling joists, so I will be using toggle bolts to keep ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Will my garage truss and beam configuration be adequate for a room in the attic?

I am getting ready to finish some of the space above the garage and have some questions. I am located in Pittsburgh, PA. The garage is sloped on both sides down to the floor. I was going to utilize ...