For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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1answer
200 views

Should I use traditional 2x4 framing or 1x3 grid framing for a New England basement remodel?

I'm trying to decide which framing method to go with for a particular room while finishing a basement. I live in New England and I already have 2" foam board glued to the concrete using the correct ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Ceiling Fan Pancake Box Install

I need to replace a ceiling fan and add a round 1/2" deep pancake box. However, the clearance with the drywall is slightly off and leaves a gap in the ceiling when the ceiling fan is installed. Is it ...
2
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1answer
168 views

How to frame ceiling in unfinished basement

My basement is partially finished. One room which is not finished, that I'd like to finish, sits below the garage. The room is surrounded by 4 walls of concrete blocks, has a concrete slab floor, and ...
2
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1answer
83 views

Can I safely remove this unused blocking from a load-bearing wall?

In opening up an exterior (load-bearing wall) to re-insulate it and replace wood paneling with drywall, I found a weird piece of blocking towards the top. It doesn't look like it's supporting ...
2
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1answer
386 views

Can I properly install Roxul mineral wool batts in a mostly-drywalled stud bay by pushing them up from below?

Using my nifty thermal camera, I discovered that my furnace closet's combustion air duct (visible in this question) is getting really hot when the attic heats up, and then (being sheet metal) it ...
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3answers
605 views

How to install a new window header that overlaps an old one

I'm attempting to move some windows. I have an engineer drawing up the exact plans of how to make sure it is structurally sound, but my question here is more on actual implementation. In one or two ...
2
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1answer
937 views

How do I go about framing a half wall into a full wall?

My house has an second floor open loft area with a half wall that overlooks the foyer down below. I would like to enclose the half wall, add a closet and door to create a fourth bedroom. How do I go ...
2
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1answer
704 views

Attaching sill plate to concrete, how do I attach framed wall to sill plate?

I am building a 12x12 shed on a concrete slab. I am going to bury j-bolts in the wet concrete so that I can attach the treated sill plate to it. The problem I'm running into is that the nut will be ...
2
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1answer
254 views

How large are in-wall heating vents that connect to registers?

I'm curious how large heating vents can typically be when connecting to in-wall registers. Do they fill up the entire space between studs? I'm framing for some drywall patches and would ideally not ...
2
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2answers
64 views

Soaking tub on the second floor: safe?

I am considering getting a soaking tub (pdf here) for my second floor master bathroom. However, I am unsure of how much weight the floor and walls below can support. The house itself is wood frame ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Is it a problem if the framing is 4" short of the edge of slab foundation?

Addition to house, added slab to 7.5' x 21' porch surrounded on 3 sides. Brick & siding exterior. I think the framers thought there was going to be continuous brick, because the framing is set ...
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2answers
240 views

How can I meet the height requirements for a door in a basement with a low ceiling?

To meet code we need a minimum 6'6" clearance through all doors. The ceiling height in most of the basement is 6'8", but the clearance through the exterior door is much less than that. On the inside ...
2
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1answer
400 views

How do I build the support structure for a 36"x14' built-in desk?

I would like to build a 36 in deep desk into a 14ft wide space that has floor to ceiling windows along the back. My initial idea is put cleat plates on the side walls, then run a 2x6 joist at 12 in ...
2
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2answers
317 views

How can I frame a ceiling tray in my dining room?

We have a 12x14 dining room and are looking to add a shallow 6"h x 15"w tray border around the outside. One of the longer sides will not hit any ceiling joists, so I will be using toggle bolts to keep ...
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0answers
27 views

Load considerations on framing members that are only attached to concrete?

I am building out a workshop space in my basement, and want to put up framing on the walls, as shown here: Specifically the left wall and the far wall, both of which have a lip. The foundation ...
2
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2answers
87 views

Do I leave this insulation up?

I am researching how to finish one room in my basement, and not sure what to do with what I think is vapor barrier or wall wrap insulation. Its only on two of the four walls which I assume is because ...
2
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2answers
948 views

Are there span tables published for repairing a cut roof joist?

A roofing company mistakenly cut a 2 foot section out of a roof joist, on my home. I'm seeking a reference to what would constitute a proper repair, preferably a prescriptive code or a load table. ...
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2answers
2k views

How do I frame a room in my garage?

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the expense and difficulty of moving an exterior kitchen wall?

I'm considering a kitchen remodel, that is in the front-right corner of a house, and surrounded by a covered deck on both sides. The deck extends out 8ft in the front and 9ft on the right. I'd like ...
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2answers
148 views

Wood Cladding Construction Technique

I am working on a tiny house idea that includes a construction technique that I've modified somewhat from something else I saw. I wanted to run it by folks, to see about the wisdom of it. The desire ...
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5answers
3k views

How to fit 4" rigid aluminum duct vent in between walls when there is an angle brace?

I want to do what these people have done here: The problem is I have bracing going diagonally and it is not leaving enough space for the 4" aluminum duct vent. Can I saw the bracing off for the ...
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2answers
264 views

Does the rough opening for this door need to be reframed?

I bought an inexpensive 32" prehung entry door to replace an old wood door in my detached garage. After removing the old door and some really bad furring work, the rough opening is just shy of 36" ...
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3answers
258 views

Gutted a basement and found a window, what should I do?

I recently gutted my basement in an early 1900s home that was finished in the mid-80s, and discovered a window! This window is directly under my front door, hidden by a deck that I've never really ...
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3answers
1k views

Can I drill a 3 1/2" hole through 5 joists?

I need to move a toilet to the other side of room approx. 6 ft I will have to drill a 3.5 in hole for the waste line in 5 floor joist on the second floor. Can I double them and still drill the 3.5 in ...
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2answers
655 views

Is it ok to sister a joist to burnt joist?

I am about to purchase a house that was damaged in a fire and sitting for 4 years. The fire was mostly contained to a small area, but some joists were burned quite badly, while other just had some ...
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1answer
1k views

What's the height limit of a wood framed building?

Using conventional light framing construction techniques, what is the maximum height of a wood framed building (in floors above grade)? I'm looking for any limitations in current building code, and ...
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3answers
5k views

What, if anything, do I do to repair notched floor joists?

I have been building for a long time, so I know where floor joists can be bored or notched without compromising their strength. Unfortunately, I have a client whose floor joists were hacked at by ...
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1answer
1k views

How close to plumb to deck posts need to be?

I'm building a deck as the floor of a 30' yurt. Construction is 4" x 6" joists on 4" x 4" posts, on pre-cast concrete pier blocks, on tamped gravel footings. Posts are 20" - 30" long. Lumber is ...
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1answer
57 views

How can I frame a wall in a confined space?

I have to frame a wall inside my cold storage so that I can insulate it. The cold storage is 5 ft wide and 30 feet long. I cannot frame the wall on the ground and raise it up like I would with plenty ...
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2answers
104 views

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build?

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build in the Seattle, WA area? Is there any reason to get an inspection prior to building completion? I don't ...
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3answers
3k views

How can I install a pre-hung door when soundboard has been installed?

Normally a 2x4 wall has a finished thickness of 4.5" (2x4 + 2x 1/2" drywall) I have 1/2" soundboard under one side of the drywall so my finished thickness is 5" I know that I can custom-order ...
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1answer
39 views

Screws or nails for securing 2" lumber to overhead joists as fireblocking?

I will be installing fireblocking as part of finishing my basement. I plan to leave about an 8" gap between the newly framed walls (metal stud framing) and the cinder block foundation wall to avoid ...
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1answer
52 views

Do basement walls with metal framing and foam insulation require fireblocking and draftstopping?

Question: Do non-load bearing basement walls with metals framing and foam insulation (such as extruded polystyrene) in a single-family home require fireblocking and draftstopping? If so, what is the ...
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2answers
157 views

Proper way to connect joist to top plate?

What's the proper way to connect an element like this: I was thinking hurricane ties but was wondering if there was a better connector.
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1answer
66 views

Wall frame weirdness during renovations

so I am renovating my garage and noticed something in 2 spots along the frame when ripping down the drywall. Here is a photo: The walls of the garage have stood for many many years without major ...
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2answers
1k views

What header joist sizes do I need for a loft bed?

I've decided to design and build a king-sized loft bed for our bedroom. Basically, I've got an 80" x 89" frame, 54" off the floor, covered with slats instead of plywood (see image, below). I'm sure ...
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1answer
300 views

Caulking for deck frame

To seal the seam between a doubled joist or beam, what type of caulking is best? The Home Depot Decks 123 book recommends Alex Plus (acrylic latex plus silicone) while a guy at Home Depot suggested ...
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3answers
45 views

prevent splitting w/ nailgun in small pieces of wood

I'm using a framing nail gun to re-build some stairs. This is my first time using a nail gun so I'm inexperienced. There are some small pieces of wood that are used in a corner to support the last ...
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1answer
92 views

How should I build a low profile stud wall in a basement?

I'm considering several options for building out a wall in a basement. Unfortunately, due to the way that the stairs leading to the basement are positioned in my house and the spacing I have to build ...
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2answers
218 views

What does a novice DIY'er need to know before building a wall higher than 8' (14.5' feet to be exact)?

I came upon this question, but it is regarding industrial space: How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall? Therefore, I am asking a new question that pertains to my residential situation. ...
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1answer
135 views

Possible to remove truss and add collar ties?

I am doing a pretty significant garage renovation and had a couple questions. I was originally going to just replace the loft (the original wasn't supported on top the stud wall on side which always ...
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2answers
369 views

Want to know if we can make the window size of a bay window larger?

I'm not sure if enough of the framing has been exposed in these photos to answer this question, but thought I would give it a try. I have more photos I can add, but I can only seem to put one in? We ...
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1answer
145 views

Have these cuts for a gas line structurally compromised my studs?

We are in the midst of a kitchen remodel and yesterday had someone come and run a new gas line as we are making the switch from an electric to a gas range. This fellow is a well rated pro but I'm ...
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1answer
336 views

Framing interior non-bearing wall with 24" on center for sound proofing

I'd like to sound proof a few interior walls in my house using the techniques for the 52 STC here (http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/soundproofing-solutions/soundproofing-walls/) which is basically ...
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2answers
2k views

Framing long walls - Lots of 8' sections or should I use longer top plates

For interior walls (bearing and non) I'm wondering what the preferred method for framing might be on long walls. For example a hallway. Should I just use normal ~8' long 2x4 as top plates and stagger ...
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2answers
393 views

Recommened nailing schedue for cripple studs between header and top plate

I have a 2x6 header for a window in a remodel with approx 5" long cripples between the header and top plate. What is the preferred nailing schedule for the attaching the cripple studs to the top ...
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1answer
1k views

Is a2x8x10' enough support as a ridge beam for a 14'x10' shed roof?

I'm building a 14' x 10' shed with a gable roof w/ 3.5/12 pitch. I plan on a 2x8x10' ridge beam attached &supported by 2-3 2x4's. rafters will be 2x6x8' 16 or 24" oc. i was hoping for an opinion ...
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1answer
382 views

How can I expand a fireplace box in a framed wall?

We're creating a bumped-out wall with an inset fireplace (ventless, bioethanol), similar to this to give you an idea. One notable difference however is that the bottom of the fireplace will be ...
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1answer
854 views

What can I do about joist framing in brick pockets that is uneven and loose?

A 100 year old house with solid cement then brick structure has old floor joists in brick pockets. The joists are 2 by 8 and 2 by 10 inches and spaced about 19 inches apart and not consistently so. ...
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1answer
1k views

Can I use a threaded rod for a rafter tie?

Long story short: I am working on a 1960's house with no rafter ties. The rafters themselves are now attached with screws and strong-ties (previously just double nailed!) but I don't have faith in the ...