For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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438 views

What header joist sizes do I need for a loft bed?

I've decided to design and build a king-sized loft bed for our bedroom. Basically, I've got an 80" x 89" frame, 54" off the floor, covered with slats instead of plywood (see image, below). I'm sure ...
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1answer
215 views

Caulking for deck frame

To seal the seam between a doubled joist or beam, what type of caulking is best? The Home Depot Decks 123 book recommends Alex Plus (acrylic latex plus silicone) while a guy at Home Depot suggested ...
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1answer
48 views

Framing interior non-bearing wall with 24" on center for sound proofing

I'd like to sound proof a few interior walls in my house using the techniques for the 52 STC here (http://www.soundproofingcompany.com/soundproofing-solutions/soundproofing-walls/) which is basically ...
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2answers
67 views

Framing long walls - Lots of 8' sections or should I use longer top plates

For interior walls (bearing and non) I'm wondering what the preferred method for framing might be on long walls. For example a hallway. Should I just use normal ~8' long 2x4 as top plates and stagger ...
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61 views

Recommened nailing schedue for cripple studs between header and top plate

I have a 2x6 header for a window in a remodel with approx 5" long cripples between the header and top plate. What is the preferred nailing schedule for the attaching the cripple studs to the top ...
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1answer
145 views

Is a2x8x10' enough support as a ridge beam for a 14'x10' shed roof?

I'm building a 14' x 10' shed with a gable roof w/ 3.5/12 pitch. I plan on a 2x8x10' ridge beam attached &supported by 2-3 2x4's. rafters will be 2x6x8' 16 or 24" oc. i was hoping for an opinion ...
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1answer
419 views

What can I do about joist framing in brick pockets that is uneven and loose?

A 100 year old house with solid cement then brick structure has old floor joists in brick pockets. The joists are 2 by 8 and 2 by 10 inches and spaced about 19 inches apart and not consistently so. ...
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641 views

Can I use a threaded rod for a rafter tie?

Long story short: I am working on a 1960's house with no rafter ties. The rafters themselves are now attached with screws and strong-ties (previously just double nailed!) but I don't have faith in the ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the proper way to install a exterior door in brick/drywall wall?

A little background: in Brazil drywall is kind of novelty yet, mostly used on comercial building. Houses here are still built only using bricks, with the jambs of door being affixed to the bricks ...
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7 views

How to fit 4" rigid aluminum duct vent in between walls when there is an angle brace?

I want to do what these people have done here: The problem is I have bracing going diagonally and it is not leaving enough space for the 4" aluminum duct vent. Can I saw the bracing off for the ...
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1answer
141 views

How can I expand a fireplace box in a framed wall?

We're creating a bumped-out wall with an inset fireplace (ventless, bioethanol), similar to this to give you an idea. One notable difference however is that the bottom of the fireplace will be ...
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1answer
410 views

Can I stack new beam to the top of old beam to extend span?

I have appropriately sized an LVL to extend a span by 3ft as well as assured the column support to the foundation at the new column. EDIT: The existing 12 ft span is carried by a 4x10, the new span ...
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1answer
105 views

What is this pipe - should I be worried?

We found it behind a wall, it is a bit more than 10 inches wide it has about an 3/4 inch of concrete between metal. It was jaggedly broke off on the bottom in the basement ceiling. It is also ...
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1answer
380 views

What size timber beams do we need to span our ceiling/floor system?

We are building a hand hewn old oak log home (yes pioneer style not kit log). We want exposed solid timber beams in the ceiling of the main floor. We are having oak sawn into 2x6 tongue & groove ...
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49 views

Add floor framing using joist hangers?

I have a single story ranch where a corner of the house I believe was a car port. The roof line and walls all are framed such that it was always under the roof and considered part of the house, ...
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47 views

Why doesn't a through tenon weaken the stile?

I've been playing with load tables for wood beams in the context of framing a floor. The tables assumes uniform load, which seems valid if the joists are just sitting on the headers. But what if they ...
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76 views

Can turnbuckles hold a frame in tension?

I'm building a king-sized bunk bed using a loft/joist design. Basically, I've got (see below): slats nailed into joists joists joined to headers with blind tenons headers joined to posts with blind ...
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1answer
240 views

How far apart should temporary A braces be on 18ft side walls before permanent bracing?

I was wondering if anyone knew if there was a code for temporary bracing of a non-residential building before it is permanently braced with plywood? I was curious to know how far apart each "A" brace ...