For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2
votes
2answers
441 views

How do you install blocking in a straight line?

When installing blocking that is staggered, you can end-nail it. But what about when it's important for the blocking to be in a straight line? For example, when you want to support butted-edges of ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How far can I move ceiling joists up?

The second floor of our house has a fairly low ceiling, perhaps 6'8" or 6'10". The width of the structure is only about 16' with standard construction and the ceiling joists running parallel to to the ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

How to attach a 2x beam to the side of a post?

I want to attach a 2x to the side of a vertical 4x4 post. I can think of several options: nails through bolts lag screws a cleat under the beam Sampson Deck-Joist Tie I know that notching the ...
4
votes
3answers
438 views

How do I insulate space in loft to create music studio

I have 3 DIY created rooms in my large live/work studio/artist loft. They are made with 2x4 and 2x6, framing with drywall walls and plywood ceiling. The apt has 14' 7" ceilings so we just have ...
7
votes
2answers
338 views

For a small building, should joists or girders run the long dimension?

I'm planning to frame a 12' x 16' floor. Should the joists be 12', and the beams 16'? Or vice versa? More detail: 4x4 posts on concrete piers; 12' x 10' will be enclosed; 12' x 6' will be a covered ...
2
votes
3answers
12k views

At a 6' span, how much can an SPF 2x4 turned on 3.5" end support?

The ends are secured, so how much load can a 6' span of SPF 2x4 support when turned on 3.5"?
3
votes
1answer
318 views

How can I frame a bookshelf like this?

Looking through the Houzz iPad app this weekend, I came across this I want this. Got the wife's approval and I'm thinking about starting it this weekend (gutting the old fireplace / bookshelves and ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I calculate the load capacity of a platform?

I'm planning to build a very basic bed frame, but I'm not sure what size lumber to use. I was thinking of building the entire thing from 2x4s (legs would be 4x4), but I'm not sure if this will be ...
9
votes
4answers
32k views

How do you secure wood framing to a concrete basement floor?

I'm using Pressure treated lumber for the bottom plate in a basement finishing project. What should I use to seperate the wood from the concrete? What are ways to secure the bottom plate to the ...
6
votes
2answers
12k views

Pouring a concrete slab against my house: how to frame it up against the outside wall?

I have a concrete front stoop that drains some water into the basement, so I am going to knock it out and pour a new slab with better grading. The slab will be about 4 feet square, and fits into a ...
3
votes
1answer
453 views

What types of materials should I consider when designing a bench?

I am building a dividing half-wall/shelving unit to separate my living room from entrance door. I am planning to put a bench on the side closer to the door (so me and my guests can sit down while ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What is the expense and difficulty of moving an exterior kitchen wall?

I'm considering a kitchen remodel, that is in the front-right corner of a house, and surrounded by a covered deck on both sides. The deck extends out 8ft in the front and 9ft on the right. I'd like ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I use roofing nails to attach OSB/plywood to studs?

My roofing nails are for nailing asphalt shingles to roof underlay boards. I have been using 2.5 inch nails to nail external wall OSBs to the studs. I have been contemplating using the excess roofing ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Are cripple studs necessary for framing a door in a “decorative wall”

With a rather large living room in my 1bd appartment, I'm building a semi-permanent partition to split off a second smaller bedroom. The partition will be a standard framed wall and put in place ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I nail plywood to flat roof framing?

I am putting some 3/4 plywood on top of 2x6 framing joists on my flat garage roof. The framing is spaced 16oc. I figured that I place 4x8 plywood sheets in such way that their short edge will be ...
4
votes
1answer
309 views

Installing a new exterior door into a taller existing opening

We are remodeling our 1948 home, and the previous owner was quite tall. We are trying to replace our exterior door, and have come across a wonderful deal on a door. Here is the issue: How can I make ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How do you frame a wall around existing pipes and ducting?

Adding ducting or conduit or pipes to a wall is easy, you just drill or cut a hole. Adding a wall where there is already conduit and pipes poses more of a dilemma, especially if those things are ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall?

I am capable of framing a "simple" 8' wide 8' tall 4" thick wall out of 2x4 lumber, then attaching plywood or drywall or OSB or any other sheet material to the frame. Making the wall wider is a ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Does this 2x4 support my gable ridge?

I'm installing a floor in my attic. To open up the space and simplify the flooring I'm removing temporary construction bracing. Most of the bracing is easy to identify, since it clearly does not ...
3
votes
3answers
708 views

Framing a cement room

Under our garage is a cement room (23' x 20', 8' high). We added it to the construction plans as a storage room, with the option of using part of it as living space. Everyone seems to think it would ...
1
vote
1answer
840 views

How close to plumb to deck posts need to be?

I'm building a deck as the floor of a 30' yurt. Construction is 4" x 6" joists on 4" x 4" posts, on pre-cast concrete pier blocks, on tamped gravel footings. Posts are 20" - 30" long. Lumber is ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Remodeling a pre-1920's home with planks on the interior walls

I own an older home in central PA; my guess it is pre-1920's and I was going to remodel the living room and insulate the walls and run new wiring. The walls are horse hair plaster; when I removed the ...
4
votes
2answers
14k views

How do I frame a room inside a garage so that the room's ceiling will not touch the garage ceiling?

I am considering building a small 6 x 9 room inside my garage to use as an office. However, I do not want to remove the garage door opener unit nor the tracks the door slides on because we will want ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

Tips for measuring a front door opening?

I'm getting ready to replace my front door with a brand new pre-hung door and have some questions regarding collecting measurements. Where exactly should I measure? I've heard people use the phrase ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it common to have no ceiling joists above joist-parallel walls?

I own an old 1 story house that was built in 1926. Looking in the attic, I've noticed that all the interior walls that run parallel to the ceiling joists have no joist above them. These walls are ...
3
votes
4answers
6k views

How do I frame a 2“ (1.5”) thick wall?

How would you put up/frame a wall where the 2x4 studs are turned flat to make the wall 2" thick? One especially tricky thing is that (it seems that) all nails must be toenailed since a 3.5" long 16d ...
3
votes
1answer
497 views

What is the proper way to frame in a room?

I'm looking to frame in this room (photo 2) to utilize the space for a 1st floor bathroom / 1st floor laundry room / storage. I think I have the process down having seen my uncles and brothers houses ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Can I extend my loft hatch opening?

I am hoping to extend the opening for my loft hatch using the following method. I want to move the cross piece from position Q to position P. I intend to screw a temporary support across the top of ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Why are 2“x4”'s really 1.5“x3.5”?

Just curious as to the reasoning, is it a spec, or is it simply 'backwards compatibility'?
6
votes
2answers
408 views

Frame or floor planks first?

Is it best to frame a powder room and a couple closets first, on top of plywood subfloor, or best to lay hardwood planks first then frame on top? I guess it would be fewer cuts to frame second. What ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Why should I use advanced nails instead of wood screws for strength?

Recently I found that there're some superior nails for constructing hurricane-resistant houses - with very clever design for preventing pulling the nails out and tearing the boards off when the ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

How large are in-wall heating vents that connect to registers?

I'm curious how large heating vents can typically be when connecting to in-wall registers. Do they fill up the entire space between studs? I'm framing for some drywall patches and would ideally not ...
7
votes
4answers
7k views

What is the best way to remove a non load bearing wall?

I have a wall that I want to knock out as part of a kitchen remodel. The wall is non load bearing, so its fine to take out. The question is, what's the best way to do it? I imagine there's not a ...
6
votes
2answers
10k views

What type of screws should I use in framing an area for a drywall patch?

As is evident in my previous posts, I'm in the process of framing an interior wall for drywall patch repair. I'd like to know what types of screws to use for connecting new 2x4's. When I visited our ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Does crown direction really matter when framing a wall?

When framing a wall is it really important to have the crown of each stud in the same direction?
6
votes
2answers
7k views

What are the best practices for a low deck built half on a concrete slab?

In our current place, we moved the main access door from going into the kitchen, to entering an old laundry room converted to a mud room. In order to do so, the front door was moved over about 4', ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How should I frame in a large window opening to install a smaller window?

I'm replacing some windows in my house. The original window openings were outsized for the rooms, so the replacement windows I've chosen are smaller, which means framing in the part of the opening ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages to timber framing vs. platform framing?

Within in the next 10-years, my wife and I would like to replace the old modular home on our property with a new house. I've been having some discussions with a friend of mine who is a huge fan of ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Is toenailing necessary for a joist-to-ledger attachment?

Is it sufficient to rest joists on joist hangers or should you always toenail (drive screws/nails at an angle through the joist). And does the toenail have to drive into the ledger or just hold the ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Caulking for deck frame

To seal the seam between a doubled joist or beam, what type of caulking is best? The Home Depot Decks 123 book recommends Alex Plus (acrylic latex plus silicone) while a guy at Home Depot suggested ...
3
votes
4answers
169 views

Is it normal to miter the non-pivoting edge of a door?

Recently I've seen someone miter the edge of a bathroom and closet door so it swings shut without hitting the door frame. I've never seen this before -- is it normal? Clarification: The edge that was ...
9
votes
5answers
6k views

What are framing dimensions like in the metric world?

I was always curious about this. In the states we have: Lumber - Comes most commonly in 2 inch (2x4,6,8,10,12,16) and 4 inch (4x4,4x6) varieties. Plywood - Almost always 4x8 feet ...
4
votes
5answers
5k views

How do I nail furring strips without them cracking?

While remodeling my basement, I had several walls where I just put up furring strips and foam insulation rather than framing in a "real" wall. I used 1x2 furring strips and attached them with a ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

When should you use metal studs?

When does it make sense to use metal framing for an interior wall? What are the advantages to traditional wood framing?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I build a square window frame in an off-square opening?

The original windows in the bedrooms in my old house were huge, far too big for the size of the rooms. At some point a previous owner replaced them with much smaller windows, building a frame to hold ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

How do I find studs when stud finders won't work?

I was trying to hang my TV at my new place, on an interior wall (between living room and a bathroom). Using the stud finder on other walls worked fine, but on this wall I got some very strange ...