For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
114 views

What is this pipe - should I be worried?

We found it behind a wall, it is a bit more than 10 inches wide it has about an 3/4 inch of concrete between metal. It was jaggedly broke off on the bottom in the basement ceiling. It is also ...
3
votes
2answers
763 views

Interior wall installation over hardwood finished floor?

I'm looking at moving my interior walls around. We are planning to keep our existing floor and replace open spaces with the same floor. We will be refinishing the floors when the wall moving is done. ...
2
votes
1answer
426 views

How do I go about framing a half wall into a full wall?

My house has an second floor open loft area with a half wall that overlooks the foyer down below. I would like to enclose the half wall, add a closet and door to create a fourth bedroom. How do I go ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Recommened nailing schedue for cripple studs between header and top plate

I have a 2x6 header for a window in a remodel with approx 5" long cripples between the header and top plate. What is the preferred nailing schedule for the attaching the cripple studs to the top ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

Do I need to remove existing drywall before framing an interior wall?

Below is a rough diagram of the interior wall I'd like to build. The wall is in green, and the rooms are in white. The grey offset around the edges of the walls represents 3/8" drywall. My question ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

What size timber beams do we need to span our ceiling/floor system?

We are building a hand hewn old oak log home (yes pioneer style not kit log). We want exposed solid timber beams in the ceiling of the main floor. We are having oak sawn into 2x6 tongue & groove ...
2
votes
1answer
405 views

What can I do about out of square rough opening for new windows?

I am building a new patio/sunroom, and I have framed up a small shear wall, along with openings for 2 new 4x6 windows. As I tried to install the windows today, I realize that the openings are out of ...
3
votes
1answer
308 views

Should I frame a wall before or after installing the subfloor?

I just ripped out the subfloor in my bathroom to make plumbing easier since I am changing the layout of my bathroom. I also want to increase the size of the bathroom and eat into the walk-in closet ...
2
votes
2answers
635 views

Are there span tables published for repairing a cut roof joist?

A roofing company mistakenly cut a 2 foot section out of a roof joist, on my home. I'm seeking a reference to what would constitute a proper repair, preferably a prescriptive code or a load table. ...
0
votes
0answers
156 views

Can turnbuckles hold a frame in tension?

I'm building a king-sized bunk bed using a loft/joist design. Basically, I've got (see below): slats nailed into joists joists joined to headers with blind tenons headers joined to posts with blind ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Can mortise and tenon joints be strong without glue?

I'm designing a loft bed (here's a rough picture without the cross supports and other details). Right now, most joints will be mortise and tenon. I'd like to be able to take the loft down to parts, ...
1
vote
2answers
796 views

What header joist sizes do I need for a loft bed?

I've decided to design and build a king-sized loft bed for our bedroom. Basically, I've got an 80" x 89" frame, 54" off the floor, covered with slats instead of plywood (see image, below). I'm sure ...
1
vote
1answer
734 views

Is a2x8x10' enough support as a ridge beam for a 14'x10' shed roof?

I'm building a 14' x 10' shed with a gable roof w/ 3.5/12 pitch. I plan on a 2x8x10' ridge beam attached &supported by 2-3 2x4's. rafters will be 2x6x8' 16 or 24" oc. i was hoping for an opinion ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it OK to drill through a jack stud/full stud pair to cut a hole for water heater drain pipe?

I just had a new water heater installed in my garage. My city building / plumbing codes require that the water heater overflow drain be drained to the outside of the house. Situation: The heater ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Window framing on old construction

I'm redoing a kitchen but I've hired a contractor to do a portion of the work. One of the jobs he was hired to do was to move and reframe two windows. He finished that job today and I'm really ...
4
votes
2answers
975 views

How can I build deck stairs flush with the end of the deck?

I have a deck design where I want stairs coming down perpendicular to the joist starting at the end of the joist. You can see the picture as a generic not to scale drawing of what I mean. I had ...
2
votes
1answer
512 views

Attaching sill plate to concrete, how do I attach framed wall to sill plate?

I am building a 12x12 shed on a concrete slab. I am going to bury j-bolts in the wet concrete so that I can attach the treated sill plate to it. The problem I'm running into is that the nut will be ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What are these horizontal & diagonal 'studs' in the wall called?

My single-story house was built in the 1940s in the San Francisco Bay Area (Earthquake-country). Here is a picture of the wall with the wallboard removed. This is from my neighbour’s house (Same ...
1
vote
1answer
600 views

What's the height limit of a wood framed building?

Using conventional light framing construction techniques, what is the maximum height of a wood framed building (in floors above grade)? I'm looking for any limitations in current building code, and ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

What is a shear wall and what is it for?

I have a wall in the middle of my house which I have been told is a shear wall. The image below is a diagram I put together real quick to show what it looks like. The grey lines on the right are ...
1
vote
1answer
299 views

How can I expand a fireplace box in a framed wall?

We're creating a bumped-out wall with an inset fireplace (ventless, bioethanol), similar to this to give you an idea. One notable difference however is that the bottom of the fireplace will be ...
3
votes
3answers
586 views

What is the maximum number of load bearing studs in a row that can be notched?

I'm trying to install a new utility sink and washer hookup in my garage and am trying to plan how I'm going to run the copper supply lines. The most direct path I can think of is to notch probably 5 ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build?

Should I have any readily apparent concerns about the foundation and framing of this new build in the Seattle, WA area? Is there any reason to get an inspection prior to building completion? I don't ...
3
votes
1answer
788 views

How do I install a non-load bearing wall on a carpeted concrete floor and finished drywall ceiling?

I am looking to close off a stairwell with a new drywall wall. The area it will be installed is already finished with carpet stretched over the concrete floor and a popcorn drywall ceiling. What are ...
2
votes
1answer
288 views

How do I build the support structure for a 36"x14' built-in desk?

I would like to build a 36 in deep desk into a 14ft wide space that has floor to ceiling windows along the back. My initial idea is put cleat plates on the side walls, then run a 2x6 joist at 12 in ...
5
votes
1answer
493 views

What kind of repairs are prudent for a ridge board damaged by a falling tree?

The limbs of the tree punctured the roof in at least two spots, so we're already looking at repairs. Upon closer inspection within the attic, I noticed that the ridge beam is just slightly splintered ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I attach the framing of a shorter wall to a higher wall above concrete?

Back again with another framing question that I simply haven't been able to answer. For Reference: Gray - Concrete Pink - XPS Insulation Darker Browns - Existing Wood Light Brown w/ Dashes - new ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

How can I frame this area of my basement wall around my water main?

I have started the process of framing my basement, but I've hit a bit of a snag as I'm not sure how exactly to frame around our water main. My original idea was to frame two walls (floor to joists) on ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it OK that the frame of my house doesn't line up with the slab?

My new house is being framed. I saw that the frame extends 1-2" from the foundation: Click photograph for full size The builder told me it happens often and the city inspector will catch it if this ...
1
vote
1answer
655 views

What can I do about joist framing in brick pockets that is uneven and loose?

A 100 year old house with solid cement then brick structure has old floor joists in brick pockets. The joists are 2 by 8 and 2 by 10 inches and spaced about 19 inches apart and not consistently so. ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Can I remove a wall stud to install a pet door?

We only have one option for a wall that the pet door would go in. After measuring we found that the door would have to go right in the middle of a stud. Is it safe to cut through the stud?
3
votes
1answer
133 views

What causes seasonal doors and how do you prevent it?

I understand that wood expands and contracts based on temperature, humidity, and other factors... However in our house the doors are really subject to seasonal changes. For instance my bedroom door ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What type of nail gun is recommended?

Was reading this post: Are cheap electric brad nail guns worth it for fixing mouldings? I'm in the middle of fixing up an older home. I have an air compressor with a couple air powered brad-nailers ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Can I use engineered I joists as studs in a wall?

Project: 3m by 6m weekend house, roof 3m high, walls 20cm insulation. Question: I want build it from lighter/thinner materials, and i want to calculate from how thick materials i can build this I ...
7
votes
2answers
11k views

How do I determine rough opening sizes for common closet door sizes?

At the hardware store I see bifold closet doors listed in sizes like 36x80, 48x80, 72x80. I'm not sure if these are nominal sizes or exactly which parts they're measuring from. How would I determine ...
3
votes
1answer
309 views

What should I consider when removing part of the second floor to make higher ceilings?

I live in an old (120 - 150 yr old) house with very low ceilings. I am considering ways to make the house feel more open and one option is to remove part of the ceiling and floor joists of the second ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Is it OK to nail 1/2" plywood straight to the pocket-door box?

The guy I hired to frame for a new pocket-door, mounted the pocket-door box on the top (to a second-story joist) and on the bottom (toe-nailed to the floor). When I asked him to install some studs on ...
2
votes
1answer
836 views

What framing do I need to build a garage with 13 ft walls to store a boat?

The garage door has to be 12x12ft and I need at least 12in of space between the top of my door opening and the ceiling. What changes do I need to make to the traditional framing techniques to support ...
1
vote
1answer
950 views

Can I use a threaded rod for a rafter tie?

Long story short: I am working on a 1960's house with no rafter ties. The rafters themselves are now attached with screws and strong-ties (previously just double nailed!) but I don't have faith in the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

What is the proper way to install a exterior door in brick/drywall wall?

A little background: in Brazil drywall is kind of novelty yet, mostly used on comercial building. Houses here are still built only using bricks, with the jambs of door being affixed to the bricks ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I frame this multi-level deck?

I'm designing an addition onto my existing deck (the existing deck is not pictured below). The addition will be roughly 20' by 15', and I'm planning on making a portion of it a single step lower. ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

What size ceiling joists and rafters should I use for a 14' span?

I'm going to build a single story addition to my home with a width of 14ft. I plan on using ceiling joists every 16" but I'm not sure which size to get. The roof will be asphalt shingles and the attic ...
5
votes
1answer
288 views

Is there any problem building a wall under floor joists at mid span?

I need to add a wall in a basement room. The wall would be placed mid span going across 7 trusses. Is there any problem placing a wall under a floor truss at mid span? The truss was not designed ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

How do I build a Gambrel roof?

We would like to put a Gambrel Roof on a 32 x 32 log cabin we're building but I don't know the formula or how to build the Gambrel roof. Please help We're building this cabin ourselves and love the ...
4
votes
2answers
470 views

What can I do about this gap between the sill/exterior board and the subfloor?

I just discovered that my sill plate and joist setup is different than others I've seen (and I was a Realtor, so I've seen a lot of sills). As you can see from the picture, there's a gap between ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I frame a room in my garage?

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
2
votes
2answers
255 views

How can I frame a ceiling tray in my dining room?

We have a 12x14 dining room and are looking to add a shallow 6"h x 15"w tray border around the outside. One of the longer sides will not hit any ceiling joists, so I will be using toggle bolts to keep ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

What, if anything, do I do to repair notched floor joists?

I have been building for a long time, so I know where floor joists can be bored or notched without compromising their strength. Unfortunately, I have a client whose floor joists were hacked at by ...
0
votes
2answers
292 views

How far apart should temporary A braces be on 18ft side walls before permanent bracing?

I was wondering if anyone knew if there was a code for temporary bracing of a non-residential building before it is permanently braced with plywood? I was curious to know how far apart each "A" brace ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How much temporary bracing do you need when cutting a new exterior door opening in an existing house?

I'd like to add a door to the back side of my garage, but since this is a load bearing wall I'll have to brace it temporarily while I frame the opening. The garage has one room above it, which spans ...