For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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1answer
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How to toe-nail with 4 nails

This seems like a silly question, but how does one toe-nail a stud to a plate with 4 8d nails according to this International Building Code fastener schedule? You can use either 3-16d nails or 4-8d ...
3
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2answers
44 views

Lath and Plaster Framing: a Floating 2x4?

I'm putting a bathroom in upstairs. I sistered the joists (red arrows), but there is a 2x4 (blue arrow) laying flat directly above a wall that is between the downstairs office and the dinning room. ...
5
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1answer
6k views

What is a reasonable expectation of decibel reduction when sound proofing?

Background I'm currently renting an apartment in a very old building and have a lot of trouble sleeping because of the noise. My apartment is underneath the main entry way; and people come in and ...
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2answers
269 views

What's the right way to insulate and frame around this pipe?

I have been studying the latest engineering on how to insulate and frame basements after tearing out a partially finished basement that had wood and insulation in direct contact with the concrete. ...
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1answer
51 views

what size of beam should I use to replace 3 2x8 that is 16 feet?

What is the equivalent of a 3 2x8, 16 feet? I would like to use one beam (for decorative effect) instead of the 2x8s since the beam will be exposed. This will go up in my dining room ceiling. If the ...
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4answers
159 views

Ramset nails not flush with basement frame wall

I built my first wall in my basement when I started to frame and I bought the Ramset MasterShot 0.22 gun from Home Depot and read up on everything and when I used it to nail my treated 2x4 to the ...
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2answers
66 views
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3answers
95 views

Can I use a non-standard design for a stairwell ceiling cutout in an old house?

I am designing the framing for a stairwell in an 1870's cottage, which is presenting a few extra constraints. What seems to be the standard approach throws up a couple of additional issues, and I'm ...
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3answers
75 views

Safe to remove entry stairwall?

We have a split entry that is minuscule with stairs heading either up or down and a tiny landing. I would like to remove the wall separating the up from the downstairs (it may be the only wall that ...
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3answers
648 views

How can I choose the best lag screw / lag bolt?

I will be fastening Unistrut vertically along studs to facilitate garage storage, and want some guidance on choosing the "best" lag bolts to use. I want them large enough to handle hundreds of pounds ...
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1answer
173 views

How to build a wall under duct work

So I'm trying to finish my basement. I have a conundrum as to how to build a wall under a soffit. Here's my situation - I have an HVAC duct that is running really close to the wall - like maybe 1.5" ...
3
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3answers
178 views

How do I drywall a corner with a lally column?

I'm finishing my basement and I've come across this lally column which is supporting a steel beam. I want to frame an external corner for this interior wall at this "corner" but the distance from ...
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1answer
61 views

How should I secure stops against clear acrylic sheet in a half wall?

I just built a half wall (sort of) with acrylic sheet in my basement to partition my server equipment from my woodworking area to keep my electronics more sawdust free. The top half of the wall is a ...
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2answers
121 views

Basement wall studs: any alternatives to wood?

I'm now getting ready to redo the basement that was flooded. See the horrifying images below.. Some questions: a) Why in the world is there a layer of plastic on studs - do I have to do the same ...
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0answers
63 views

Will my garage truss and beam configuration be adequate for a room in the attic?

I am getting ready to finish some of the space above the garage and have some questions. I am located in Pittsburgh, PA. The garage is sloped on both sides down to the floor. I was going to utilize ...
1
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1answer
161 views

How do I remove the carbon brush holders from my HD 77 Skil saw?

How do I remove carbon brush holders from a Skil Saw model HD-77 ? I have removed the set screws from the casing that retain the brush holders. The The motor casing is split to view the holders ...
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2answers
87 views

Can I use a 2x6 beam stretched across a few of these roof rafters to support a hammock?

I want to hang a large hammock in my reading room. It used to be an open-air carport structure and so the construction is fairly lightweight. Here're some pictures of the ceiling/roof in question ...
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2answers
431 views

Adding sidelights to a front entrance that does not have them

I am trying to determine the cost, effort and complexity of adding sidelights to an entrance way that currently does not have them. Would the entire front door way need to be re-framed, header, ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I frame a room in my garage? [closed]

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
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2answers
128 views

Best practice for making headers for deep (2x8) walls

So I am working out a framing plan for an exterior wall made from 2x8s and I want to put a door in it. I plan on using two 2x12s for the header. The question is, what is the best practice for ...
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2answers
105 views

Load capacity of 2x4s spaced 16"

We are trying to finish an above garage attic space as a playroom (since the ceiling will be slanted - 7' to 4' headroom). The "room" is 25' x 8' and currently has 2x4s that are 16" apart. My current ...
2
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1answer
110 views

How to attach short bottom plate for door frame to concrete floor?

I'm framing out my basement, which I've done once before in an old house. I use the treated wood (green board?) for the bottom plate, raise up the frames, get everything level, and use cut nails to ...
5
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1answer
37k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack ...
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1answer
61 views

Increasing subfloor thickness under new shower pan

I ripped my old shower down to the studs and joists. The studs were rotten, the subfloor was rotten, and the top of the joists (in some places) were weak and rotten. I plan on replacing some studs ...
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1answer
100 views

Vapor barrier problems

Update: added some additional details below based on comments. I have a basement bathroom that I am currently working on. I've framed and installed rough plumbing. I have some vapor barrier problems ...
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1answer
142 views

Should there be waterproofing between the rim joist and ledger on new construction?

My new house is being built with a deck and I noticed that the framer has fastened the ledger directly to the rim joist without any sort of waterproofing between. The sheathing which is Zip system ...
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1answer
55 views

Moving a pair of studs 4 inches

We are trying to put in an interior window between a room and an addition to the home that was added later. We cut out a hole in the drywall between the studs of the original room. However the studs ...
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2answers
315 views

Framing a door ON stairs, 3 steps to landing?

I have to build a door frame on a staircase. Problem is, at the bottom of the staircase are already 3 doors on all the walls, so putting another door right at the bottom of the stairs (on the ...
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1answer
49 views

Building an archway

As part of a much larger building project, I will be replacing a 12 foot section of wall between two rooms, which includes removing two 2x4s and one 4x4. The 4x4 is due to the house being built using ...
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2answers
63 views

2x4s in hall closet

I am sawing an opening in the side of my protruding hall closet because it's the only place in my apartment that has room for a wine fridge. My plan was to find out where the framing was after ...
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1answer
252 views

How to install dryer ducting inside existing wall?

I'm thinking about installing a recessed dryer box like this. http://www.homedepot.com/p/Dundas-Jafine-Recessed-Dryer-Vent-Box-DRB4XZW/202449693 Apparently with 4" studs you have to compress the ...
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3answers
330 views

Knee Wall Without Top Plate

I'm finishing our attic and I can't quite figure out the best approach. The house came with the attic already "framed" with a kneewall, but the studs are just just angled directly into the rafters ...
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1answer
74 views

Are 2x4 rafters legal in Connecticut? 13 ft runs

so I bought a REO house and about to redo the roof above the garage. I've noticed that I need to replace some rafters. However - I'm seeing that rafter are 2x4... Is that code-legal? p.s. by 13 ft ...
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2answers
25k views

Pouring a concrete slab against my house: how to frame it up against the outside wall?

I have a concrete front stoop that drains some water into the basement, so I am going to knock it out and pour a new slab with better grading. The slab will be about 4 feet square, and fits into a ...
4
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2answers
119 views

Do I leave this insulation up?

I am researching how to finish one room in my basement, and not sure what to do with what I think is vapor barrier or wall wrap insulation. Its only on two of the four walls which I assume is because ...
4
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3answers
14k views

How do I build a Gambrel roof?

We would like to put a Gambrel Roof on a 32 x 32 log cabin we're building but I don't know the formula or how to build the Gambrel roof. Please help We're building this cabin ourselves and love the ...
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1answer
87 views

16' Tall Load Bearing Wall

I am planning to build a 12'x12' cabin. I cannot go bigger than 12x12, but there are no height restrictions so I'd like to incorporate a loft. I'm thinking front wall at 16' tall and rear wall at 12' ...
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2answers
235 views

building garage what is proper way to frame an 8 ft garage door

concrete base is 6" high and is 8 Ft wide. I am in the process of framing a 16 ft X 18 ft garage
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0answers
34 views

Solid wood beam size for deck 12' span post to post.

What size solid wood beam do I need for a deck that spans less than 7' from the house to the beam. The beam would have a span less than 12' from post to post.
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0answers
204 views

Framing half-wall in basement to full wall over exterior wall

Debating on whether this is something I can do or if I need to call in an pro. I have a basement room I'm looking to use as a theater room, and I need to finish a wall to the ceiling so I can hang a ...
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2answers
15k views

How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall?

I am capable of framing a "simple" 8' wide 8' tall 4" thick wall out of 2x4 lumber, then attaching plywood or drywall or OSB or any other sheet material to the frame. Making the wall wider is a ...
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0answers
112 views

Drywall over 2x2 Studs in Basement

I have a basement that is a complete product of the 70's. Faux ugly wood paneling, brass ugly sconces, old school metal work boxes, and a beautiful white drop ceiling. I know I could just drywall over ...
5
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3answers
298 views

Why is blocking never placed “sideways”?

If you are blocking for structural strength (not fire protection or nailing surface), wouldn't it be better to put the 2x4s sideways, oriented the way they would be in a built-up header?
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0answers
55 views

Finished basement with just painted concrete walls

I have a house from 1955, where the basement has been finished with lighting, carpet, interior walls, etc. I don't know when it was finished, only that it was so when I moved in. The strange thing ...
2
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1answer
67 views

False roof frame in ceiling

Have never figured out what this is. There is basically a false roof frame in the attic. The peak is the opposite direction of the actual roof. As far as I know there hasn't been any major remodeling ...
6
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4answers
1k views

What is the purpose of horizontal blocks on a bearing wall?

In my basement, the bearing wall has horizontal blocks between each stud, similar to what you see in this picture: . There is one place on the wall where one of the blocks was removed to place an ...
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3answers
851 views

How do I insulate space in loft to create music studio

I have 3 DIY created rooms in my large live/work studio/artist loft. They are made with 2x4 and 2x6, framing with drywall walls and plywood ceiling. The apt has 14' 7" ceilings so we just have ...
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1answer
451 views

Is it possible to notch framing studs for installing conduit w/out structure collapsing?

I have a garage which is a simple structure - 4 walls, garage door, and a normal door. The structure is framed as one would expect, studs 16 inches apart. I want to put some extra wood paneling as an ...
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1answer
374 views

How can I make self-tapping sheet metal screws go into metal studs more easily?

I am framing metal stud walls to hang drywall in my basement. When using self-tapping sheet metal screws to secure the metal studs to the top and bottom stud tracks, it seems like the screws often ...
3
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2answers
573 views

Newly framed bathroom wall not square, how bad will the tile look?

I'm in the middle of a new bathroom install and have hit a bit of a snag with a bathroom wall being out of square. This bathroom was just framed from scratch, and as you can see from the attached ...