For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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3
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3answers
365 views

How should I build the walls for a tiny house on a camper frame?

I am preparing to build a tiny house on an old camper frame, and am looking for advice on how to build the exterior walls. I'm planning to use 2x3 wood studs at 24" o.c., with 1/4" plywood on the ...
1
vote
5answers
78 views

Sill plate alternatives when *not* using pressure treated wood?

I have a barn I am restoring. I do not want to use pressure treated wood for the sole plate or sill plate. My carpenter would use 4 x6 locust at 12 foot lengths, but we cannot find any. Can anyone ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

What size header do I need for a new garage service door?

I am going to cut out the wall in my garage under my stairs to build a small room. When I put up the door I have to use a header because it's a load bearing wall. Do I need to make the header out of ...
3
votes
4answers
5k views

Framing a wall over a carpeted floor

I have a carpeted basement. There is both pad and carpet over concrete. There is a section I want to wall off and turn into a bedroom, it will not be load bearing. I would prefer not to have to ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What's the best way to cut through this wall?

I am adding insulation+drywall between open rafters. What's the best way (tool, blade/bit, technique, other advice) to get through these wall layers for ventilation? (I'll put mesh and grilles over ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How to support 1 corner of stair landing

We have a stair landing that is approx. 4 feet wide and 2 1/2 feet long. The 4 foot wide side rests on the outside concrete block wall. One inner corner appears to be held up by a 2x8 and 2x4, nailed ...
2
votes
2answers
25 views

ceiling joist storage expression

I have pre made truss ceiling joist in the garage. The joists are 2x4x21'. I want to use space above the joists for storage. I want to sister a 2x6x21' or 2x8x21' next to 2x4x21' is this ok? If ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

What's the deal with half-walls behind the kitchen cabinets? Can I cut into it?

So I've recently moved in to a new house and the kitchen has two "blind cabinets" but no real good place to put my cat's food and water where it will be out of the way. So I got this brilliant idea ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Interior Platform Steel Tube Framing?

I'm building a platform 22.5-23.5" high in a space 88" by 62-64", supports on three side but one free span side for a bed to slide out - the long side, of course. Because of height/width restrictions, ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Are outer joists a different distance in “on center” floor framing?

I've watched some videos and talked to a contractor buddy about how to do floor framing. "16 inches on center" is the phrase I keep hearing, and I understand that that will ensure a layout divisible ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Does this 2x4 support my gable ridge?

I'm installing a floor in my attic. To open up the space and simplify the flooring I'm removing temporary construction bracing. Most of the bracing is easy to identify, since it clearly does not ...
3
votes
3answers
115 views

What kind of jacks are used for lifting of framing in various situations?

I have two vertical house jacks from the local tool library, which I've used to support framing during extensive dry rot and termite repair: I'm into a section where the house jacks won't work. I ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is framing with screws legal?

A friend used trim head screws for ALL of the 2x4 framing (including the outer walls) of his 2400 sq. ft. house. The house uses 8x8s to carry the load; none of the 2x4 framing is load bearing. The ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

How should I repair a cracked trough roof beam?

My garage has a 17' 2x8 ridge beam. The roof is a V, lowest in the center, with 2x4 rafters nailed to the sides of this ridge piece. At some point the roof drain clogged, the roof turned into a ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Why are there shims under my studs?

My house was built in 1928 (in Altadena, CA). My detached garage looks like the same vintage, but I don't know for sure. On at least 2 of the garage walls, there are shims between the sill/mud plate ...
0
votes
1answer
348 views

Extending an existing deck

I am thinking about extending my existing deck, 10 ft wide by 18 ft long and replacing the deck boards with composite decking. I would like to know how far can I extend the deck width without adding ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Extend Roof for Patio Cover

I have a corner patio area that I want to cover by extending the current roof. The side is 14.5' long and 9.5' wide. The slope is along the 9.5' side. I want to extend the roof line marked with ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Calculating floor load strength

Well I'm sure this had been covered over and over. I could not find the formula I seek. I'm building a storage room in the back of a large steel building on my property and I was thinking I'd use the ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

How to attach wall on top of french drain in basement?

I am in the process of finishing my basement and had an interior french drain system installed. I now want to start putting walls up but am unsure how to attach them on top of the french drain. I ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Framing Exterior Long Wall in Sections

I am planning a 12'x24' shop. For the 24' walls I had planned on framing them as two separate 12' sections, vertically sheathing them on the ground and then raising them. I would ensure that the studs ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

How to frame a wall around existing exterior door

Framing a basement. I have a an exterior door that is set in the poured foundation. I'm building my wall that runs parallel to foundation that has the existing door and is ~2-4" from the foundation. ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

How tight should studs be when framing in place

How tight should studs be when framing a wall and cutting them to length and installing them in-place? Ideally I'd be able to cut my wood accurate to 1/64th, but that ain't happening. If they are a ...
4
votes
5answers
12k views

How do I nail furring strips without them cracking?

While remodeling my basement, I had several walls where I just put up furring strips and foam insulation rather than framing in a "real" wall. I used 1x2 furring strips and attached them with a ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Where to split long walls

I'm trying to build walls for my basement, and not surprisingly, many walls are longer than 8/10/12/16ft. For many walls, I was thinking of putting up two 8' or 10' walls with the stud straddling ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

How to run drywall backer parallel to I-joist?

I'm trying to install a non-load bearing basement wall parallel to an I-joist. The tricky part is, how do I run a drywall backer parallel to the I-joist? The top plate is wider than the flange of the ...
0
votes
3answers
83 views

How to fix spacing with a California corner

Ugh. So I just framed two walls that form an interior corner. When I layed out the walls, I did the typical mark the centers on the 16's. What I did not account for, however, was the corner. I did ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

24" OC Interior Wall Framing for UDC

I am framing my basement tomorrow and I'm thinking of using 24" OC for my interior non-load bearing walls. I plan on using 2 sheets of 5/8" sheet rock with a noise dampening compound. Is 24 OC legal ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Where can I find drawings of a mobile home's construction?

I bought my very first trailer/mobile home last August. I've never lived in one, never spent significant time in one, know less than nothing about them. That said, I have a doublewide 90 Commodore. ...
4
votes
3answers
233 views

Is it acceptable to attach elevated deck joists to rafter tails?

I'm having an attached patio built by a contractor. I am concerned about the quality of the construction. In particular the attachment of the patio joists to the house rafters. Instead of using a ...
3
votes
3answers
308 views

Re-framing basement walls after flooding. Drain tile with no concrete?

Im getting ready to re-frame basement walls after basement flood (shocking images attached). I'll be doing this for every wall portion that can possibly flood: 1) ridgid XPS foam insulation ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Suggestions on finishing a concrete vault

I have a newer home that the builder put a concrete vault in. It is basically the porch that was dug out fully to make a room under it with a steel security door. The concrete porch is the ceiling. ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Are hairline cracks in a stud a problem

So related to my question Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?, is it a problem if the studs develop hairline cracks from the nailing? It seems like almost every nail splits the ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Pressure treated for base plate framing on concrete

I used all PT 2x4 for framing base plates in my basement, attaching them mostly using a powder actuated nail gun. I did it because I think I read they are more exposed to moisture being directly on ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Do wires running attached to joists need to be protected?

So after asking How to build a wall under duct work ,I was thinking of going the #2 route and running a top plate next to the existing wire. Now, I've seen that when running wires through studs, you ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

What header size for a 36" wide window?

I want to replace a 20" W window ( 20 5/8" rough) with a 36" (rough) window. I want it to be as close to the ceiling as possible. It is a single story house with 2x4 studs on 16" centers. It has a ...
5
votes
3answers
720 views

Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?

So I'm attempting to do the "stick framing" method of building a non-bearing wall. I've got pnumatic nailer and I'm toe-nailing nails on each side. The problem is, because of the angle the nail ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

Marking studs with tape measure

Maybe I'm a little dense, but I'm having a little difficulty visualizing how laying out studs 16" OC works with a tape measure. From almost every source I look at they say "Don't screw this up. Hook ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Removing a wall to the ceiling / roof

Edit 2: I called an engineer and paid for his evaluation of the wall. It's not load bearing. Realized that I left out some basics about the house. This house is built on a raised foundation with ...
1
vote
2answers
265 views

how to attach framing to this window in concrete?

I'm looking to finish my basement. I have several windows embedded in the concrete as shown in the picture below. I was planning to put framing up in front of the concrete and run some plywood all ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Given the variance in the depth of drive of a nail, how stringent are codes for length of nail when framing?

Related to Do the nails stick out any when toe-nailing studs?, given the variance in the depth of drive of the nail, how stringent are codes for framing? For example, the code for toe-nailing a stud ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Nail Gun for Framing and installing subfloor

I'm looking to buy a nail gun because I have a lot of framing and probably 90+ sheets of subfloor to install this summer 1) I would use 16d coated sinkers for the studs and 8d nails for the flooring, ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Add bracing to I-Joist

I am trying to build a non-load bearing wall parallel to the I-joist in my basement. I know that I need to add bracing to span the gap between the wall and the joist, but I am slightly confused as to ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

Can mortise and tenon joints be strong without glue?

I'm designing a loft bed (here's a rough picture without the cross supports and other details). Right now, most joints will be mortise and tenon. I'd like to be able to take the loft down to parts, ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Balloon frame fire blocking

I've got a two-story balloon frame house that is gutted. I have to install fire blocking between studs in the wall cavity. Do I install the fire blocking wherever there is a floor, or wherever there ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

How to toe-nail with 4 nails

This seems like a silly question, but how does one toe-nail a stud to a plate with 4 8d nails according to this International Building Code fastener schedule? You can use either 3-16d nails or 4-8d ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Lath and Plaster Framing: a Floating 2x4?

I'm putting a bathroom in upstairs. I sistered the joists (red arrows), but there is a 2x4 (blue arrow) laying flat directly above a wall that is between the downstairs office and the dinning room. It'...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

What is a reasonable expectation of decibel reduction when sound proofing?

Background I'm currently renting an apartment in a very old building and have a lot of trouble sleeping because of the noise. My apartment is underneath the main entry way; and people come in and ...
4
votes
2answers
328 views

What's the right way to insulate and frame around this pipe?

I have been studying the latest engineering on how to insulate and frame basements after tearing out a partially finished basement that had wood and insulation in direct contact with the concrete. ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

what size of beam should I use to replace 3 2x8 that is 16 feet?

What is the equivalent of a 3 2x8, 16 feet? I would like to use one beam (for decorative effect) instead of the 2x8s since the beam will be exposed. This will go up in my dining room ceiling. If the ...
3
votes
4answers
293 views

Ramset nails not flush with basement frame wall

I built my first wall in my basement when I started to frame and I bought the Ramset MasterShot 0.22 gun from Home Depot and read up on everything and when I used it to nail my treated 2x4 to the ...