For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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Can you lay subfloor on concrete before framing interior walls?

Our unfinished basement has a concrete floor and poured concrete walls. It has stayed completely dry all year for a decade since the house was built. I will be framing the exterior walls 1" from the ...
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3answers
82 views

How to fix spacing with a California corner

Ugh. So I just framed two walls that form an interior corner. When I layed out the walls, I did the typical mark the centers on the 16's. What I did not account for, however, was the corner. I did ...
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2answers
63 views

24" OC Interior Wall Framing for UDC

I am framing my basement tomorrow and I'm thinking of using 24" OC for my interior non-load bearing walls. I plan on using 2 sheets of 5/8" sheet rock with a noise dampening compound. Is 24 OC legal ...
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0answers
35 views

Where can I find drawings of a mobile home's construction?

I bought my very first trailer/mobile home last August. I've never lived in one, never spent significant time in one, know less than nothing about them. That said, I have a doublewide 90 Commodore. ...
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3answers
171 views

Is it acceptable to attach elevated deck joists to rafter tails?

I'm having an attached patio built by a contractor. I am concerned about the quality of the construction. In particular the attachment of the patio joists to the house rafters. Instead of using a ...
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3answers
215 views

Re-framing basement walls after flooding. Drain tile with no concrete?

Im getting ready to re-frame basement walls after basement flood (shocking images attached). I'll be doing this for every wall portion that can possibly flood: 1) ridgid XPS foam insulation ...
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2answers
1k views

Suggestions on finishing a concrete vault

I have a newer home that the builder put a concrete vault in. It is basically the porch that was dug out fully to make a room under it with a steel security door. The concrete porch is the ceiling. ...
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2answers
67 views

Are hairline cracks in a stud a problem

So related to my question Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?, is it a problem if the studs develop hairline cracks from the nailing? It seems like almost every nail splits the ...
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1answer
47 views

Pressure treated for base plate framing on concrete

I used all PT 2x4 for framing base plates in my basement, attaching them mostly using a powder actuated nail gun. I did it because I think I read they are more exposed to moisture being directly on ...
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1answer
50 views

Do wires running attached to joists need to be protected?

So after asking How to build a wall under duct work ,I was thinking of going the #2 route and running a top plate next to the existing wire. Now, I've seen that when running wires through studs, you ...
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2answers
79 views

What header size for a 36" wide window?

I want to replace a 20" W window ( 20 5/8" rough) with a 36" (rough) window. I want it to be as close to the ceiling as possible. It is a single story house with 2x4 studs on 16" centers. It has a ...
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3answers
588 views

Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?

So I'm attempting to do the "stick framing" method of building a non-bearing wall. I've got pnumatic nailer and I'm toe-nailing nails on each side. The problem is, because of the angle the nail ...
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2answers
163 views

Marking studs with tape measure

Maybe I'm a little dense, but I'm having a little difficulty visualizing how laying out studs 16" OC works with a tape measure. From almost every source I look at they say "Don't screw this up. Hook ...
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1answer
95 views

Removing a wall to the ceiling / roof

Edit 2: I called an engineer and paid for his evaluation of the wall. It's not load bearing. Realized that I left out some basics about the house. This house is built on a raised foundation with ...
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2answers
248 views

how to attach framing to this window in concrete?

I'm looking to finish my basement. I have several windows embedded in the concrete as shown in the picture below. I was planning to put framing up in front of the concrete and run some plywood all ...
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1answer
44 views

Given the variance in the depth of drive of a nail, how stringent are codes for length of nail when framing?

Related to Do the nails stick out any when toe-nailing studs?, given the variance in the depth of drive of the nail, how stringent are codes for framing? For example, the code for toe-nailing a stud ...
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1answer
56 views

Nail Gun for Framing and installing subfloor

I'm looking to buy a nail gun because I have a lot of framing and probably 90+ sheets of subfloor to install this summer 1) I would use 16d coated sinkers for the studs and 8d nails for the flooring, ...
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1answer
36 views

Add bracing to I-Joist

I am trying to build a non-load bearing wall parallel to the I-joist in my basement. I know that I need to add bracing to span the gap between the wall and the joist, but I am slightly confused as to ...
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4answers
5k views

Can mortise and tenon joints be strong without glue?

I'm designing a loft bed (here's a rough picture without the cross supports and other details). Right now, most joints will be mortise and tenon. I'd like to be able to take the loft down to parts, ...
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1answer
55 views

Balloon frame fire blocking

I've got a two-story balloon frame house that is gutted. I have to install fire blocking between studs in the wall cavity. Do I install the fire blocking wherever there is a floor, or wherever there ...
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1answer
112 views

How to toe-nail with 4 nails

This seems like a silly question, but how does one toe-nail a stud to a plate with 4 8d nails according to this International Building Code fastener schedule? You can use either 3-16d nails or 4-8d ...
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2answers
45 views

Lath and Plaster Framing: a Floating 2x4?

I'm putting a bathroom in upstairs. I sistered the joists (red arrows), but there is a 2x4 (blue arrow) laying flat directly above a wall that is between the downstairs office and the dinning room. ...
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1answer
7k views

What is a reasonable expectation of decibel reduction when sound proofing?

Background I'm currently renting an apartment in a very old building and have a lot of trouble sleeping because of the noise. My apartment is underneath the main entry way; and people come in and ...
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2answers
299 views

What's the right way to insulate and frame around this pipe?

I have been studying the latest engineering on how to insulate and frame basements after tearing out a partially finished basement that had wood and insulation in direct contact with the concrete. ...
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1answer
55 views

what size of beam should I use to replace 3 2x8 that is 16 feet?

What is the equivalent of a 3 2x8, 16 feet? I would like to use one beam (for decorative effect) instead of the 2x8s since the beam will be exposed. This will go up in my dining room ceiling. If the ...
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4answers
201 views

Ramset nails not flush with basement frame wall

I built my first wall in my basement when I started to frame and I bought the Ramset MasterShot 0.22 gun from Home Depot and read up on everything and when I used it to nail my treated 2x4 to the ...
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2answers
66 views
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3answers
102 views

Can I use a non-standard design for a stairwell ceiling cutout in an old house?

I am designing the framing for a stairwell in an 1870's cottage, which is presenting a few extra constraints. What seems to be the standard approach throws up a couple of additional issues, and I'm ...
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3answers
78 views

Safe to remove entry stairwall?

We have a split entry that is minuscule with stairs heading either up or down and a tiny landing. I would like to remove the wall separating the up from the downstairs (it may be the only wall that ...
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3answers
1k views

How can I choose the best lag screw / lag bolt?

I will be fastening Unistrut vertically along studs to facilitate garage storage, and want some guidance on choosing the "best" lag bolts to use. I want them large enough to handle hundreds of pounds ...
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1answer
207 views

How to build a wall under duct work

So I'm trying to finish my basement. I have a conundrum as to how to build a wall under a soffit. Here's my situation - I have an HVAC duct that is running really close to the wall - like maybe 1.5" ...
3
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3answers
206 views

How do I drywall a corner with a lally column?

I'm finishing my basement and I've come across this lally column which is supporting a steel beam. I want to frame an external corner for this interior wall at this "corner" but the distance from ...
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1answer
70 views

How should I secure stops against clear acrylic sheet in a half wall?

I just built a half wall (sort of) with acrylic sheet in my basement to partition my server equipment from my woodworking area to keep my electronics more sawdust free. The top half of the wall is a ...
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2answers
160 views

Basement wall studs: any alternatives to wood?

I'm now getting ready to redo the basement that was flooded. See the horrifying images below.. Some questions: a) Why in the world is there a layer of plastic on studs - do I have to do the same ...
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0answers
65 views

Will my garage truss and beam configuration be adequate for a room in the attic?

I am getting ready to finish some of the space above the garage and have some questions. I am located in Pittsburgh, PA. The garage is sloped on both sides down to the floor. I was going to utilize ...
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1answer
181 views

How do I remove the carbon brush holders from my HD 77 Skil saw?

How do I remove carbon brush holders from a Skil Saw model HD-77 ? I have removed the set screws from the casing that retain the brush holders. The The motor casing is split to view the holders ...
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2answers
100 views

Can I use a 2x6 beam stretched across a few of these roof rafters to support a hammock?

I want to hang a large hammock in my reading room. It used to be an open-air carport structure and so the construction is fairly lightweight. Here're some pictures of the ceiling/roof in question ...
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2answers
610 views

Adding sidelights to a front entrance that does not have them

I am trying to determine the cost, effort and complexity of adding sidelights to an entrance way that currently does not have them. Would the entire front door way need to be re-framed, header, ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I frame a room in my garage? [closed]

I intend to build a 15x9 room with 8' ceiling on one side of my garage to be used as a music/recording studio. I live in Phoenix, AZ area. I believe I can save money if I do all the framing and ...
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2answers
174 views

Best practice for making headers for deep (2x8) walls

So I am working out a framing plan for an exterior wall made from 2x8s and I want to put a door in it. I plan on using two 2x12s for the header. The question is, what is the best practice for ...
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2answers
119 views

Load capacity of 2x4s spaced 16"

We are trying to finish an above garage attic space as a playroom (since the ceiling will be slanted - 7' to 4' headroom). The "room" is 25' x 8' and currently has 2x4s that are 16" apart. My current ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

How to attach short bottom plate for door frame to concrete floor?

I'm framing out my basement, which I've done once before in an old house. I use the treated wood (green board?) for the bottom plate, raise up the frames, get everything level, and use cut nails to ...
5
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1answer
40k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack ...
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1answer
61 views

Increasing subfloor thickness under new shower pan

I ripped my old shower down to the studs and joists. The studs were rotten, the subfloor was rotten, and the top of the joists (in some places) were weak and rotten. I plan on replacing some studs ...
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1answer
111 views

Vapor barrier problems

Update: added some additional details below based on comments. I have a basement bathroom that I am currently working on. I've framed and installed rough plumbing. I have some vapor barrier problems ...
3
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1answer
153 views

Should there be waterproofing between the rim joist and ledger on new construction?

My new house is being built with a deck and I noticed that the framer has fastened the ledger directly to the rim joist without any sort of waterproofing between. The sheathing which is Zip system ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Moving a pair of studs 4 inches

We are trying to put in an interior window between a room and an addition to the home that was added later. We cut out a hole in the drywall between the studs of the original room. However the studs ...
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2answers
394 views

Framing a door ON stairs, 3 steps to landing?

I have to build a door frame on a staircase. Problem is, at the bottom of the staircase are already 3 doors on all the walls, so putting another door right at the bottom of the stairs (on the ...
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1answer
51 views

Building an archway

As part of a much larger building project, I will be replacing a 12 foot section of wall between two rooms, which includes removing two 2x4s and one 4x4. The 4x4 is due to the house being built using ...
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2answers
64 views

2x4s in hall closet

I am sawing an opening in the side of my protruding hall closet because it's the only place in my apartment that has room for a wine fridge. My plan was to find out where the framing was after ...