For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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1answer
24 views

Add bracing to I-Joist

I am trying to build a non-load bearing wall parallel to the I-joist in my basement. I know that I need to add bracing to span the gap between the wall and the joist, but I am slightly confused as to ...
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1answer
38 views

Balloon frame fire blocking

I've got a two-story balloon frame house that is gutted. I have to install fire blocking between studs in the wall cavity. Do I install the fire blocking wherever there is a floor, or wherever there ...
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1answer
45 views

How to toe-nail with 4 nails

This seems like a silly question, but how does one toe-nail a stud to a plate with 4 8d nails according to this International Building Code fastener schedule? You can use either 3-16d nails or 4-8d ...
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1answer
38 views

Why are 3-1/2 (16d) nails so hard to find?

So I'm a little confused. It seems like 21 degree fullhead framing nailers are fairly standard. According to the ...
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0answers
9 views

Slat Fencing Repair [closed]

Need to repair a fence, 6 foot dog-ear slat. Nails rusted through. What type of 1 1/4 galvanized nail and pneumatic nail gun should I look for?
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2answers
39 views

Lath and Plaster Framing: a Floating 2x4?

I'm putting a bathroom in upstairs. I sistered the joists (red arrows), but there is a 2x4 (blue arrow) laying flat directly above a wall that is between the downstairs office and the dinning room. ...
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1answer
21 views

Calculating floor load strength

Well I'm sure this had been covered over and over. I could not find the formula I seek. I'm building a storage room in the back of a large steel building on my property and I was thinking I'd use the ...
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1answer
42 views

what size of beam should I use to replace 3 2x8 that is 16 feet?

What is the equivalent of a 3 2x8, 16 feet? I would like to use one beam (for decorative effect) instead of the 2x8s since the beam will be exposed. This will go up in my dining room ceiling. If the ...
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4answers
74 views

Ramset nails not flush with basement frame wall

I built my first wall in my basement when I started to frame and I bought the Ramset MasterShot 0.22 gun from Home Depot and read up on everything and when I used it to nail my treated 2x4 to the ...
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2answers
64 views

How far out off the wall framing do gypsum panels for the ceiling need to be?

How many inches does fire drywall need to be from wall out on ceiling?
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2answers
35 views

What size header do I need for a new garage service door?

I am going to cut out the wall in my garage under my stairs to build a small room. When I put up the door I have to use a header because it's a load bearing wall. Do I need to make the header out of ...
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3answers
63 views

Safe to remove entry stairwall?

We have a split entry that is minuscule with stairs heading either up or down and a tiny landing. I would like to remove the wall separating the up from the downstairs (it may be the only wall that ...
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3answers
332 views

How can I choose the best lag screw / lag bolt?

I will be fastening Unistrut vertically along studs to facilitate garage storage, and want some guidance on choosing the "best" lag bolts to use. I want them large enough to handle hundreds of pounds ...
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3answers
69 views

Can I use a non-standard design for a stairwell ceiling cutout in an old house?

I am designing the framing for a stairwell in an 1870's cottage, which is presenting a few extra constraints. What seems to be the standard approach throws up a couple of additional issues, and I'm ...
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1answer
86 views

How to build a wall under duct work

So I'm trying to finish my basement. I have a conundrum as to how to build a wall under a soffit. Here's my situation - I have an HVAC duct that is running really close to the wall - like maybe 1.5" ...
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3answers
116 views

How do I drywall a corner with a lally column?

I'm finishing my basement and I've come across this lally column which is supporting a steel beam. I want to frame an external corner for this interior wall at this "corner" but the distance from ...
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1answer
40 views

How should I secure stops against clear acrylic sheet in a half wall?

I just built a half wall (sort of) with acrylic sheet in my basement to partition my server equipment from my woodworking area to keep my electronics more sawdust free. The top half of the wall is a ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Re-framing basement walls after flooding. Drain tile with no concrete?

Im getting ready to re-frame basement walls after basement flood (shocking images attached). I'll be doing this for every wall portion that can possibly flood: 1) ridgid XPS foam insulation ...
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2answers
62 views

Basement wall studs: any alternatives to wood?

I'm now getting ready to redo the basement that was flooded. See the horrifying images below.. Some questions: a) Why in the world is there a layer of plastic on studs - do I have to do the same ...
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0answers
48 views

Will my garage truss and beam configuration be adequate for a room in the attic?

I am getting ready to finish some of the space above the garage and have some questions. I am located in Pittsburgh, PA. The garage is sloped on both sides down to the floor. I was going to utilize ...
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2answers
62 views

Can I use a 2x6 beam stretched across a few of these roof rafters to support a hammock?

I want to hang a large hammock in my reading room. It used to be an open-air carport structure and so the construction is fairly lightweight. Here're some pictures of the ceiling/roof in question ...
3
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3answers
79 views

What kind of jacks are used for lifting of framing in various situations?

I have two vertical house jacks from the local tool library, which I've used to support framing during extensive dry rot and termite repair: I'm into a section where the house jacks won't work. I ...
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2answers
113 views

Adding sidelights to a front entrance that does not have them

I am trying to determine the cost, effort and complexity of adding sidelights to an entrance way that currently does not have them. Would the entire front door way need to be re-framed, header, ...
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2answers
73 views

Best practice for making headers for deep (2x8) walls

So I am working out a framing plan for an exterior wall made from 2x8s and I want to put a door in it. I plan on using two 2x12s for the header. The question is, what is the best practice for ...
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1answer
58 views

How to attach short bottom plate for door frame to concrete floor?

I'm framing out my basement, which I've done once before in an old house. I use the treated wood (green board?) for the bottom plate, raise up the frames, get everything level, and use cut nails to ...
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2answers
75 views

Load capacity of 2x4s spaced 16"

We are trying to finish an above garage attic space as a playroom (since the ceiling will be slanted - 7' to 4' headroom). The "room" is 25' x 8' and currently has 2x4s that are 16" apart. My current ...
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1answer
58 views

Vapor barrier problems

Update: added some additional details below based on comments. I have a basement bathroom that I am currently working on. I've framed and installed rough plumbing. I have some vapor barrier problems ...
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1answer
49 views

Moving a pair of studs 4 inches

We are trying to put in an interior window between a room and an addition to the home that was added later. We cut out a hole in the drywall between the studs of the original room. However the studs ...
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2answers
170 views

Framing a door ON stairs, 3 steps to landing?

I have to build a door frame on a staircase. Problem is, at the bottom of the staircase are already 3 doors on all the walls, so putting another door right at the bottom of the stairs (on the ...
4
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2answers
145 views

What's the right way to insulate and frame around this pipe?

I have been studying the latest engineering on how to insulate and frame basements after tearing out a partially finished basement that had wood and insulation in direct contact with the concrete. ...
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1answer
46 views

Building an archway

As part of a much larger building project, I will be replacing a 12 foot section of wall between two rooms, which includes removing two 2x4s and one 4x4. The 4x4 is due to the house being built using ...
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2answers
58 views

2x4s in hall closet

I am sawing an opening in the side of my protruding hall closet because it's the only place in my apartment that has room for a wine fridge. My plan was to find out where the framing was after ...
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1answer
117 views

How to install dryer ducting inside existing wall?

I'm thinking about installing a recessed dryer box like this. http://www.homedepot.com/p/Dundas-Jafine-Recessed-Dryer-Vent-Box-DRB4XZW/202449693 Apparently with 4" studs you have to compress the ...
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2answers
69 views

Need to install wood framing in a pipe filled wall to be able to hang shelving

I've got this wall, from which I've ripped off the drywall. The wall is 5' wide, 9' high. There's 4 flimsy metal studs and I'd like to install a few big sheets of plywood over those so I can put up 6 ...
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1answer
62 views

Are 2x4 rafters legal in Connecticut? 13 ft runs

so I bought a REO house and about to redo the roof above the garage. I've noticed that I need to replace some rafters. However - I'm seeing that rafter are 2x4... Is that code-legal? p.s. by 13 ft ...
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3answers
210 views

Knee Wall Without Top Plate

I'm finishing our attic and I can't quite figure out the best approach. The house came with the attic already "framed" with a kneewall, but the studs are just just angled directly into the rafters ...
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1answer
75 views

16' Tall Load Bearing Wall

I am planning to build a 12'x12' cabin. I cannot go bigger than 12x12, but there are no height restrictions so I'd like to incorporate a loft. I'm thinking front wall at 16' tall and rear wall at 12' ...
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0answers
26 views

Solid wood beam size for deck 12' span post to post.

What size solid wood beam do I need for a deck that spans less than 7' from the house to the beam. The beam would have a span less than 12' from post to post.
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0answers
164 views

Framing half-wall in basement to full wall over exterior wall

Debating on whether this is something I can do or if I need to call in an pro. I have a basement room I'm looking to use as a theater room, and I need to finish a wall to the ceiling so I can hang a ...
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0answers
97 views

Drywall over 2x2 Studs in Basement

I have a basement that is a complete product of the 70's. Faux ugly wood paneling, brass ugly sconces, old school metal work boxes, and a beautiful white drop ceiling. I know I could just drywall over ...
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3answers
259 views

Why is blocking never placed “sideways”?

If you are blocking for structural strength (not fire protection or nailing surface), wouldn't it be better to put the 2x4s sideways, oriented the way they would be in a built-up header?
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0answers
46 views

Finished basement with just painted concrete walls

I have a house from 1955, where the basement has been finished with lighting, carpet, interior walls, etc. I don't know when it was finished, only that it was so when I moved in. The strange thing ...
2
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1answer
53 views

False roof frame in ceiling

Have never figured out what this is. There is basically a false roof frame in the attic. The peak is the opposite direction of the actual roof. As far as I know there hasn't been any major remodeling ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the purpose of horizontal blocks on a bearing wall?

In my basement, the bearing wall has horizontal blocks between each stud, similar to what you see in this picture: . There is one place on the wall where one of the blocks was removed to place an ...
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1answer
319 views

Is it possible to notch framing studs for installing conduit w/out structure collapsing?

I have a garage which is a simple structure - 4 walls, garage door, and a normal door. The structure is framed as one would expect, studs 16 inches apart. I want to put some extra wood paneling as an ...
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1answer
242 views

How can I make self-tapping sheet metal screws go into metal studs more easily?

I am framing metal stud walls to hang drywall in my basement. When using self-tapping sheet metal screws to secure the metal studs to the top and bottom stud tracks, it seems like the screws often ...
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2answers
264 views

Newly framed bathroom wall not square, how bad will the tile look?

I'm in the middle of a new bathroom install and have hit a bit of a snag with a bathroom wall being out of square. This bathroom was just framed from scratch, and as you can see from the attached ...
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1answer
91 views

Framing a window directly through a post in post-and-beam construction?

I have a single story home built on a concrete slab using post and beam construction. I have 4x4 posts spaced 5 feet apart along the exterior wall with 4x8 beams holding up a 4" tongue and groove roof ...
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1answer
100 views

Do building codes allow smaller nails when using gun instead of manually hammering?

I would like to use a framing nail gun for a bathroom addition. Do people usually substitute a shorter nail for 16d 3.5", but keep the same quantity and spacing? Does that pass code?
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1answer
51 views

Increasing subfloor thickness under new shower pan

I ripped my old shower down to the studs and joists. The studs were rotten, the subfloor was rotten, and the top of the joists (in some places) were weak and rotten. I plan on replacing some studs ...