For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2
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1answer
29 views

Composite deck stair overhang vs. flush

I am installing composite decking stair and I found there are two ways to do it: One inch overhang: Flush and show fascia edges: What are the pros and cons of each method? I tend to go with the ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Is it a violation of NEC code to install a receptacle horizontally and 3/4" from face of a stud?

A wall has been framed out to mount a touch screen computer monitor. Once the 1/4" drywall is installed, the monitor will be placed into this cavity and plugged into said receptacle. Question Does ...
0
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2answers
60 views

Repairing Basement Wall Framing After Subpanel install notched to 75%

I have a home I bought a few months ago and I'm working on finishing out the basement space. The builder put in a 2x6 wall 12" on center. I quite certain it's a load bearing wall. 2 Story house with a ...
2
votes
2answers
31 views

A-frame angle for swing

I'd like to figure out the smallest angle possible for the kid swing A-frame. I will be using 4x8 beam on top and 4x4 for the legs. I am reading two sources and each has different angles: This site ...
1
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1answer
26 views

What length header should I consider?

I have 2 bathroom remodeling we are planning on the 2nd floor of 2 storied house. I want to carve out part of the bathroom as laundry room where Washer (27") and Dryer (27") will be stacked in a ...
2
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2answers
79 views

Triple 2x4 beam post bowing away from foundation wall

We have a fairly new home (2007). I noticed a strange issue that has to be fixed. The pictures below show 3 stacked 2x4's holding up a laminated beam; the 2x4's are bowing out. This is the only stack ...
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0answers
17 views

Footing for 4x8 swingset beam and playhouse

I am building a playhouse with swingset attaching to it. One side of the swingset beam (4x8x12) will be A-frame. The other side is attaching to the playhouse. I have a question about attaching to the ...
0
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1answer
29 views

How do I know what wood was used to construct our attic? Need to know how much load it can tolerate

I'm reading a book and it lists different max loads for different woods. It lists loads for (1) Douglass Fir-Larch and (2) Hem-fir My attic is made with a dark brown wood. How do I know what type of ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Adding depth to my garage.

I have a 28' x 14' 1 car garage that I want to knock out the rear wall and add 14' additional depth. (2 car tandem parking) It is only 8 years old and framing is 2x4 on 16" centers. I want to make the ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

What is the most important aspect of plumbing door frame

When installing the rough framing for a door frame, what is the most critical thing to get right? Since lumber is rarely a perfect, uniform, straight piece of wood, there are going to be all sorts of ...
7
votes
2answers
123 views

How accurate does a door rough-in need to be?

Having never installed a pre-hung door before, I am wondering how accurate does the door rough-in need to be? I am planning on installing a 28" bathroom door, which has a 30" rough in. After framing ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How do I properly support the header when expanding a door opening?

I'm opening up a closet in our 1958 home. I believe (I plan to get confirmation from a licensed contractor or engineer) that this is not a load bearing wall considering that the opening runs parallel ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to waterproof inside cedar shed?

I want to build this shed like the picture below (I got from someone else) using my leftover cedar fence pickets: However I don't know if it will leak water from the side. There isn't much ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to stabilize half-wall below an interior portal?

BACKGROUND: Decided to extend an already existing opening in this non-load bearing wall. With all the electrical and plumbing it's just not worth removing completely. Besides, wife likes the idea of ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

support for “bow” window

I'm installing a Marvin Integrity "bow" window, kind of like a bay window except it's multiple casements set in a smooth arc. These are installed in a rectangular rough opening like any window; ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Best way(s) to add new king stud to existing exterior wall

I'm going to be removing a large 4'wide x 7'tall window and replacing it with a small 3'x2' window. I will probably need to add a couple of new king studs when framing up and to keep everything 16" ...
0
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0answers
31 views

roof ridge beam support

I am building my son a batting cage that measures 14'x40'. I have finished the concrete slab and I am now framing a 3/12 pitch roof over it using rafters and not joists. The roof will be supported by ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

Why are top-mount joist and purlin hangers shorter than actual lumber dimensions?

Looking at the load tables for various products, purlin hangers are often shorter than the actual size lumber they're supposed to hang: USP JPF USP HL The size difference seems more consistent at ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Diagonal Cut-in Brace Removal?

I am working on renovating my dining room and while tearing out drywall I found a diagonal cut-in brace which is running from the front of the house along side an exterior wall. I am trying to ...
0
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2answers
63 views

Metal bracket to hang stringer below joist?

I need to hang a stringer (basically another 2x8) right below my deck joist 2x8. Look like this photo Can you tell me what kind of hanger / bracket is it in the red circle? The article is from ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Attach one-step to ground level deck

I want to do something like this photo but I don't know how to attach the one-step platform thing: I circled two areas that should be attached by nails (assuming 16d Common Nail). But the photo ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Cutting joist for skewed joist hanger

Do I need to cut the joist lumber's end at an angle so that it sits flushed to the beam when installing skewed joist hanger? The below video tells me that it's not necessary. https://www.youtube....
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2answers
45 views

Nails for deck framing

I was told (as well as read online) that I should use 16d nails for deck framing. However I have been using nails labeled "Grip-Rite 5-lb 16D 3.5-in Hot-Dipped Galvanized Smooth Box Nails" in the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Cosmetic fix for installing decking board when not parallel to house?

I am expanding the deck that goes very far (35 x 48 feet ~ 1000 sqft). So I am pretty sure the further end will not perfectly parallel to the house. It could be 1-2 inch off from one end to the other ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Would adding ceiling joists in combination with a ridge beam reduce the reaction force of the ridge beam supports?

so think of a normal coupled roof design, with ceiling joists acting as ties for the rafters, except the rafters aren't attached to a ridge board, but a structural ridge beam. Would this configuration ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Fill about a 2.5" gap between drywall frame and and brick

In the basement, we got done getting drywall up, but there is a gap between the frame and the brick wall. In addition, Perma-seal put there cover up the wall. Eventually, the window will completely ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Can a structural ridge beam be used in a hip roof design?

If so this would place the ridge beam somewhere in the middle of the roof, how would you provide support for the ridge beam in this instance?, could you support it by an internal wall? This is for a ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Can a 290mm x 45mm lvl beam be used as a structural ridge beam?

Also are ridge beams only used for exposed ceilings, or can you install ceiling joists which are connected to the rafters, - i assume this would provide extra support. This is for a single story ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Replace load bearing studs with 4x4 posts

I would like to open up our dining room to our living room, but don't want to install an LVL due to a limited budget. We decided to get creative. By simply removing the sheetrock, and using the ...
0
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2answers
34 views

How do I double screw corner posts

I'm building a dog house for our new puppy and got stuck on something. The plan... I want to build a frame and put external and internal walls so I can fill with insulation as Winter where we live ...
0
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2answers
151 views

How can I straighten twisted studs?

I have a bunch of 2x4s that are twisted and warped. Is there a way to salvage them?
2
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1answer
28 views

Safe deck surround distance for tree

I plan to build a deck around this small bing cherry tree. It's 3" diameter. I will have a beam running around 1 feet next to it on one side. The other 3 sides are flexible in term of what I can do. ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Can I frame over an existing deck with a new deck to raise the level?

I was looking at below photo and realized they basically put the trim joists of the platform on top of the bottom joists / beam. Is that allowed? I thought you have to actually put footings for the ...
0
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1answer
71 views

Does the granite countertop on my deck require separate footings?

If I want to have a granite countertop as a table on top of my deck, do I need to support the 4 corners with actual footing, like 4x4 with concrete? Or it is possible to just bold the 4 legs on the ...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Do I need ledger board when expand deck?

I have a deck like below and I want to expand the direction where the arrow shows (sorry for an ugly photo). Do I need to put a ledger board right on the trim joist, or can I just hang the new ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Is there a “Right” direction to build soffit with plywood?

Is there a right or wrong way to face the plywood when building a soffit for ductwork? I was following a tutorial from Family Handyman http://www.familyhandyman.com/basement/how-to-finish-a-basement-...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

How much surface area do you need on studs to hang drywall?

How much surface area do you really need to hang drywall on studs? I received a shipment of lumber, and most of them have wane on both edges of the studs, which means I can't "bury" the wane on the ...
1
vote
5answers
83 views

Sill plate alternatives when *not* using pressure treated wood?

I have a barn I am restoring. I do not want to use pressure treated wood for the sole plate or sill plate. My carpenter would use 4 x6 locust at 12 foot lengths, but we cannot find any. Can anyone ...
2
votes
3answers
117 views

Can I build a car-port on the side of my garage?

I have a 2-car attached garage but three cars in the household. While I'm obviously aware I can just leave the third car in the driveway, it inconveniently blocks the cars in the garage and in the ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

All-around header dimensions for external wall

Putting in two small windows as part of our kitchen remodel (21" x 31"). They are going in an exterior gable wall, framed with 2x6's. I can't get a straight answer from anyone about what "size" ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

What's the best way to cut through this wall?

I am adding insulation+drywall between open rafters. What's the best way (tool, blade/bit, technique, other advice) to get through these wall layers for ventilation? (I'll put mesh and grilles over ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Installing a wall vent when stud blocks the opening?

I'm installing a rear duct range hood and need to open a ~4"x18" hole through the exterior wall. A 2x6 stud blocks the hole. I plan to cut the stud and place a header, jack studs, and sill around ...
2
votes
2answers
25 views

ceiling joist storage expression

I have pre made truss ceiling joist in the garage. The joists are 2x4x21'. I want to use space above the joists for storage. I want to sister a 2x6x21' or 2x8x21' next to 2x4x21' is this ok? If ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

What's the deal with half-walls behind the kitchen cabinets? Can I cut into it?

So I've recently moved in to a new house and the kitchen has two "blind cabinets" but no real good place to put my cat's food and water where it will be out of the way. So I got this brilliant idea ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Interior Platform Steel Tube Framing?

I'm building a platform 22.5-23.5" high in a space 88" by 62-64", supports on three side but one free span side for a bed to slide out - the long side, of course. Because of height/width restrictions, ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Are outer joists a different distance in “on center” floor framing?

I've watched some videos and talked to a contractor buddy about how to do floor framing. "16 inches on center" is the phrase I keep hearing, and I understand that that will ensure a layout divisible ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is framing with screws legal?

A friend used trim head screws for ALL of the 2x4 framing (including the outer walls) of his 2400 sq. ft. house. The house uses 8x8s to carry the load; none of the 2x4 framing is load bearing. The ...
0
votes
3answers
68 views

How should I nail blocking?

I am struggling to efficiently add blocking to 16" stud bays when I can't end nail through the other side of the stud. I have a full-size nailer, a palm nailer, and a hammer or two--but not a lot of ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

How should I repair a cracked trough roof beam?

My garage has a 17' 2x8 ridge beam. The roof is a V, lowest in the center, with 2x4 rafters nailed to the sides of this ridge piece. At some point the roof drain clogged, the roof turned into a ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Why are there shims under my studs?

My house was built in 1928 (in Altadena, CA). My detached garage looks like the same vintage, but I don't know for sure. On at least 2 of the garage walls, there are shims between the sill/mud plate ...