For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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1answer
11 views

How to waterproof inside cedar shed?

I want to build this shed like the picture below (I got from someone else) using my leftover cedar fence pickets: However I don't know if it will leak water from the side. There isn't much ...
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1answer
30 views

How to stabilize half-wall below an interior portal?

BACKGROUND: Decided to extend an already existing opening in this non-load bearing wall. With all the electrical and plumbing it's just not worth removing completely. Besides, wife likes the idea of ...
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1answer
38 views

support for “bow” window

I'm installing a Marvin Integrity "bow" window, kind of like a bay window except it's multiple casements set in a smooth arc. These are installed in a rectangular rough opening like any window; ...
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1answer
36 views

Best way(s) to add new king stud to existing exterior wall

I'm going to be removing a large 4'wide x 7'tall window and replacing it with a small 3'x2' window. I will probably need to add a couple of new king studs when framing up and to keep everything 16" ...
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0answers
26 views

roof ridge beam support

I am building my son a batting cage that measures 14'x40'. I have finished the concrete slab and I am now framing a 3/12 pitch roof over it using rafters and not joists. The roof will be supported by ...
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2answers
69 views

Why are top-mount joist and purlin hangers shorter than actual lumber dimensions?

Looking at the load tables for various products, purlin hangers are often shorter than the actual size lumber they're supposed to hang: USP JPF USP HL The size difference seems more consistent at ...
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1answer
46 views

Diagonal Cut-in Brace Removal?

I am working on renovating my dining room and while tearing out drywall I found a diagonal cut-in brace which is running from the front of the house along side an exterior wall. I am trying to ...
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2answers
45 views

Metal bracket to hang stringer below joist?

I need to hang a stringer (basically another 2x8) right below my deck joist 2x8. Look like this photo Can you tell me what kind of hanger / bracket is it in the red circle? The article is from ...
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0answers
32 views

Attach one-step to ground level deck

I want to do something like this photo but I don't know how to attach the one-step platform thing: I circled two areas that should be attached by nails (assuming 16d Common Nail). But the photo ...
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1answer
29 views

Cutting joist for skewed joist hanger

Do I need to cut the joist lumber's end at an angle so that it sits flushed to the beam when installing skewed joist hanger? The below video tells me that it's not necessary. https://www.youtube....
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2answers
41 views

Nails for deck framing

I was told (as well as read online) that I should use 16d nails for deck framing. However I have been using nails labeled "Grip-Rite 5-lb 16D 3.5-in Hot-Dipped Galvanized Smooth Box Nails" in the ...
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1answer
21 views

Cosmetic fix for installing decking board when not parallel to house?

I am expanding the deck that goes very far (35 x 48 feet ~ 1000 sqft). So I am pretty sure the further end will not perfectly parallel to the house. It could be 1-2 inch off from one end to the other ...
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0answers
15 views

Would adding ceiling joists in combination with a ridge beam reduce the reaction force of the ridge beam supports?

so think of a normal coupled roof design, with ceiling joists acting as ties for the rafters, except the rafters aren't attached to a ridge board, but a structural ridge beam. Would this configuration ...
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1answer
28 views

Fill about a 2.5" gap between drywall frame and and brick

In the basement, we got done getting drywall up, but there is a gap between the frame and the brick wall. In addition, Perma-seal put there cover up the wall. Eventually, the window will completely ...
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1answer
54 views

Can a structural ridge beam be used in a hip roof design?

If so this would place the ridge beam somewhere in the middle of the roof, how would you provide support for the ridge beam in this instance?, could you support it by an internal wall? This is for a ...
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1answer
13 views

Can a 290mm x 45mm lvl beam be used as a structural ridge beam?

Also are ridge beams only used for exposed ceilings, or can you install ceiling joists which are connected to the rafters, - i assume this would provide extra support. This is for a single story ...
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1answer
74 views

Replace load bearing studs with 4x4 posts

I would like to open up our dining room to our living room, but don't want to install an LVL due to a limited budget. We decided to get creative. By simply removing the sheetrock, and using the ...
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2answers
32 views

How do I double screw corner posts

I'm building a dog house for our new puppy and got stuck on something. The plan... I want to build a frame and put external and internal walls so I can fill with insulation as Winter where we live ...
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2answers
137 views

How can I straighten twisted studs?

I have a bunch of 2x4s that are twisted and warped. Is there a way to salvage them?
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1answer
27 views

Safe deck surround distance for tree

I plan to build a deck around this small bing cherry tree. It's 3" diameter. I will have a beam running around 1 feet next to it on one side. The other 3 sides are flexible in term of what I can do. ...
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2answers
79 views

Can I frame over an existing deck with a new deck to raise the level?

I was looking at below photo and realized they basically put the trim joists of the platform on top of the bottom joists / beam. Is that allowed? I thought you have to actually put footings for the ...
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1answer
64 views

Does the granite countertop on my deck require separate footings?

If I want to have a granite countertop as a table on top of my deck, do I need to support the 4 corners with actual footing, like 4x4 with concrete? Or it is possible to just bold the 4 legs on the ...
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2answers
36 views

Do I need ledger board when expand deck?

I have a deck like below and I want to expand the direction where the arrow shows (sorry for an ugly photo). Do I need to put a ledger board right on the trim joist, or can I just hang the new ...
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2answers
71 views

Is there a “Right” direction to build soffit with plywood?

Is there a right or wrong way to face the plywood when building a soffit for ductwork? I was following a tutorial from Family Handyman http://www.familyhandyman.com/basement/how-to-finish-a-basement-...
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2answers
64 views

How much surface area do you need on studs to hang drywall?

How much surface area do you really need to hang drywall on studs? I received a shipment of lumber, and most of them have wane on both edges of the studs, which means I can't "bury" the wane on the ...
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5answers
65 views

Sill plate alternatives when *not* using pressure treated wood?

I have a barn I am restoring. I do not want to use pressure treated wood for the sole plate or sill plate. My carpenter would use 4 x6 locust at 12 foot lengths, but we cannot find any. Can anyone ...
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3answers
73 views

Can I build a car-port on the side of my garage?

I have a 2-car attached garage but three cars in the household. While I'm obviously aware I can just leave the third car in the driveway, it inconveniently blocks the cars in the garage and in the ...
3
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1answer
45 views

All-around header dimensions for external wall

Putting in two small windows as part of our kitchen remodel (21" x 31"). They are going in an exterior gable wall, framed with 2x6's. I can't get a straight answer from anyone about what "size" ...
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0answers
45 views

What's the best way to cut through this wall?

I am adding insulation+drywall between open rafters. What's the best way (tool, blade/bit, technique, other advice) to get through these wall layers for ventilation? (I'll put mesh and grilles over ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Installing a wall vent when stud blocks the opening?

I'm installing a rear duct range hood and need to open a ~4"x18" hole through the exterior wall. A 2x6 stud blocks the hole. I plan to cut the stud and place a header, jack studs, and sill around ...
2
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2answers
25 views

ceiling joist storage expression

I have pre made truss ceiling joist in the garage. The joists are 2x4x21'. I want to use space above the joists for storage. I want to sister a 2x6x21' or 2x8x21' next to 2x4x21' is this ok? If ...
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1answer
89 views

What's the deal with half-walls behind the kitchen cabinets? Can I cut into it?

So I've recently moved in to a new house and the kitchen has two "blind cabinets" but no real good place to put my cat's food and water where it will be out of the way. So I got this brilliant idea ...
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1answer
16 views

Interior Platform Steel Tube Framing?

I'm building a platform 22.5-23.5" high in a space 88" by 62-64", supports on three side but one free span side for a bed to slide out - the long side, of course. Because of height/width restrictions, ...
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1answer
31 views

Are outer joists a different distance in “on center” floor framing?

I've watched some videos and talked to a contractor buddy about how to do floor framing. "16 inches on center" is the phrase I keep hearing, and I understand that that will ensure a layout divisible ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Is framing with screws legal?

A friend used trim head screws for ALL of the 2x4 framing (including the outer walls) of his 2400 sq. ft. house. The house uses 8x8s to carry the load; none of the 2x4 framing is load bearing. The ...
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3answers
48 views

How should I nail blocking?

I am struggling to efficiently add blocking to 16" stud bays when I can't end nail through the other side of the stud. I have a full-size nailer, a palm nailer, and a hammer or two--but not a lot of ...
4
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1answer
123 views

How should I repair a cracked trough roof beam?

My garage has a 17' 2x8 ridge beam. The roof is a V, lowest in the center, with 2x4 rafters nailed to the sides of this ridge piece. At some point the roof drain clogged, the roof turned into a ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Why are there shims under my studs?

My house was built in 1928 (in Altadena, CA). My detached garage looks like the same vintage, but I don't know for sure. On at least 2 of the garage walls, there are shims between the sill/mud plate ...
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1answer
240 views

Extending an existing deck

I am thinking about extending my existing deck, 10 ft wide by 18 ft long and replacing the deck boards with composite decking. I would like to know how far can I extend the deck width without adding ...
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1answer
104 views

Extend Roof for Patio Cover

I have a corner patio area that I want to cover by extending the current roof. The side is 14.5' long and 9.5' wide. The slope is along the 9.5' side. I want to extend the roof line marked with ...
0
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1answer
57 views

How to support 1 corner of stair landing

We have a stair landing that is approx. 4 feet wide and 2 1/2 feet long. The 4 foot wide side rests on the outside concrete block wall. One inner corner appears to be held up by a 2x8 and 2x4, nailed ...
0
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1answer
42 views

How to attach wall on top of french drain in basement?

I am in the process of finishing my basement and had an interior french drain system installed. I now want to start putting walls up but am unsure how to attach them on top of the french drain. I ...
1
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1answer
64 views

Framing Exterior Long Wall in Sections

I am planning a 12'x24' shop. For the 24' walls I had planned on framing them as two separate 12' sections, vertically sheathing them on the ground and then raising them. I would ensure that the studs ...
2
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3answers
252 views

How should I build the walls for a tiny house on a camper frame?

I am preparing to build a tiny house on an old camper frame, and am looking for advice on how to build the exterior walls. I'm planning to use 2x3 wood studs at 24" o.c., with 1/4" plywood on the ...
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2answers
74 views

How tight should studs be when framing in place

How tight should studs be when framing a wall and cutting them to length and installing them in-place? Ideally I'd be able to cut my wood accurate to 1/64th, but that ain't happening. If they are a ...
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2answers
63 views

How to run drywall backer parallel to I-joist?

I'm trying to install a non-load bearing basement wall parallel to an I-joist. The tricky part is, how do I run a drywall backer parallel to the I-joist? The top plate is wider than the flange of the ...
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1answer
49 views

Can you lay subfloor on concrete before framing interior walls?

Our unfinished basement has a concrete floor and poured concrete walls. It has stayed completely dry all year for a decade since the house was built. I will be framing the exterior walls 1" from the ...
2
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1answer
120 views

How to frame a wall around existing exterior door

Framing a basement. I have a an exterior door that is set in the poured foundation. I'm building my wall that runs parallel to foundation that has the existing door and is ~2-4" from the foundation. ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Can I notch roof posts to install deck beams?

I had a larger roof built over my old deck. New 6x6's were used to support the new roof. They set on cement filled 8" tubes set 40 to 46 inches into the ground. I have been told I have to use 2x8 ...