For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2
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1answer
22 views

Can I build a car-port on the side of my garage?

I have a 2-car attached garage but three cars in the household. While I'm obviously aware I can just leave the third car in the driveway, it inconveniently blocks the cars in the garage and in the ...
3
votes
2answers
34 views

All-around header dimensions for external wall

Putting in two small windows as part of our kitchen remodel (21" x 31"). They are going in an exterior gable wall, framed with 2x6's. I can't get a straight answer from anyone about what "size" ...
1
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0answers
36 views

What's the best way to cut through this wall?

I am adding insulation+drywall between open rafters. What's the best way (tool, blade/bit, technique, other advice) to get through these wall layers for ventilation? (I'll put mesh and grilles over ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Installing a wall vent when stud blocks the opening?

I'm installing a rear duct range hood and need to open a ~4"x18" hole through the exterior wall. A 2x6 stud blocks the hole. I plan to cut the stud and place a header, jack studs, and sill around ...
2
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2answers
22 views

ceiling joist storage expression

I have pre made truss ceiling joist in the garage. The joists are 2x4x21'. I want to use space above the joists for storage. I want to sister a 2x6x21' or 2x8x21' next to 2x4x21' is this ok? If ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

What's the deal with half-walls behind the kitchen cabinets? Can I cut into it?

So I've recently moved in to a new house and the kitchen has two "blind cabinets" but no real good place to put my cat's food and water where it will be out of the way. So I got this brilliant idea ...
1
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1answer
12 views

Interior Platform Steel Tube Framing?

I'm building a platform 22.5-23.5" high in a space 88" by 62-64", supports on three side but one free span side for a bed to slide out - the long side, of course. Because of height/width ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Are outer joists a different distance in “on center” floor framing?

I've watched some videos and talked to a contractor buddy about how to do floor framing. "16 inches on center" is the phrase I keep hearing, and I understand that that will ensure a layout divisible ...
3
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2answers
956 views

Is framing with screws legal?

A friend used trim head screws for ALL of the 2x4 framing (including the outer walls) of his 2400 sq. ft. house. The house uses 8x8s to carry the load; none of the 2x4 framing is load bearing. The ...
0
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3answers
37 views

How should I nail blocking?

I am struggling to efficiently add blocking to 16" stud bays when I can't end nail through the other side of the stud. I have a full-size nailer, a palm nailer, and a hammer or two--but not a lot of ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

How should I repair a cracked trough roof beam?

My garage has a 17' 2x8 ridge beam. The roof is a V, lowest in the center, with 2x4 rafters nailed to the sides of this ridge piece. At some point the roof drain clogged, the roof turned into a ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Why are there shims under my studs?

My house was built in 1928 (in Altadena, CA). My detached garage looks like the same vintage, but I don't know for sure. On at least 2 of the garage walls, there are shims between the sill/mud plate ...
0
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1answer
69 views

Extending an existing deck

I am thinking about extending my existing deck, 10 ft wide by 18 ft long and replacing the deck boards with composite decking. I would like to know how far can I extend the deck width without adding ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Extend Roof for Patio Cover

I have a corner patio area that I want to cover by extending the current roof. The side is 14.5' long and 9.5' wide. The slope is along the 9.5' side. I want to extend the roof line marked with ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

How to support 1 corner of stair landing

We have a stair landing that is approx. 4 feet wide and 2 1/2 feet long. The 4 foot wide side rests on the outside concrete block wall. One inner corner appears to be held up by a 2x8 and 2x4, nailed ...
0
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1answer
34 views

How to attach wall on top of french drain in basement?

I am in the process of finishing my basement and had an interior french drain system installed. I now want to start putting walls up but am unsure how to attach them on top of the french drain. I ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Framing Exterior Long Wall in Sections

I am planning a 12'x24' shop. For the 24' walls I had planned on framing them as two separate 12' sections, vertically sheathing them on the ground and then raising them. I would ensure that the studs ...
2
votes
3answers
135 views

How should I build the walls for a tiny house on a camper frame?

I am preparing to build a tiny house on an old camper frame, and am looking for advice on how to build the exterior walls. I'm planning to use 2x3 wood studs at 24" o.c., with 1/4" plywood on the ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

How tight should studs be when framing in place

How tight should studs be when framing a wall and cutting them to length and installing them in-place? Ideally I'd be able to cut my wood accurate to 1/64th, but that ain't happening. If they are a ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

How to run drywall backer parallel to I-joist?

I'm trying to install a non-load bearing basement wall parallel to an I-joist. The tricky part is, how do I run a drywall backer parallel to the I-joist? The top plate is wider than the flange of the ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Can you lay subfloor on concrete before framing interior walls?

Our unfinished basement has a concrete floor and poured concrete walls. It has stayed completely dry all year for a decade since the house was built. I will be framing the exterior walls 1" from the ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

How to frame a wall around existing exterior door

Framing a basement. I have a an exterior door that is set in the poured foundation. I'm building my wall that runs parallel to foundation that has the existing door and is ~2-4" from the foundation. ...
0
votes
3answers
80 views

How to fix spacing with a California corner

Ugh. So I just framed two walls that form an interior corner. When I layed out the walls, I did the typical mark the centers on the 16's. What I did not account for, however, was the corner. I did ...
0
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2answers
51 views

24" OC Interior Wall Framing for UDC

I am framing my basement tomorrow and I'm thinking of using 24" OC for my interior non-load bearing walls. I plan on using 2 sheets of 5/8" sheet rock with a noise dampening compound. Is 24 OC legal ...
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0answers
30 views

Where can I find drawings of a mobile home's construction?

I bought my very first trailer/mobile home last August. I've never lived in one, never spent significant time in one, know less than nothing about them. That said, I have a doublewide 90 Commodore. ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Can I build a staggered steel stud wall?

I want to build a house with steel. I'm interested in building like say 8' wide exterior walls, with staggered studs or double 3' studs to prevent thermal bridging; is this feasible? Are the studs ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Pressure treated for base plate framing on concrete

I used all PT 2x4 for framing base plates in my basement, attaching them mostly using a powder actuated nail gun. I did it because I think I read they are more exposed to moisture being directly on ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

What header size for a 36" wide window?

I want to replace a 20" W window ( 20 5/8" rough) with a 36" (rough) window. I want it to be as close to the ceiling as possible. It is a single story house with 2x4 studs on 16" centers. It has a ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Do wires running attached to joists need to be protected?

So after asking How to build a wall under duct work ,I was thinking of going the #2 route and running a top plate next to the existing wire. Now, I've seen that when running wires through studs, you ...
1
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2answers
63 views

Where to split long walls

I'm trying to build walls for my basement, and not surprisingly, many walls are longer than 8/10/12/16ft. For many walls, I was thinking of putting up two 8' or 10' walls with the stud straddling ...
4
votes
2answers
150 views

Marking studs with tape measure

Maybe I'm a little dense, but I'm having a little difficulty visualizing how laying out studs 16" OC works with a tape measure. From almost every source I look at they say "Don't screw this up. Hook ...
0
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2answers
62 views

Are hairline cracks in a stud a problem

So related to my question Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?, is it a problem if the studs develop hairline cracks from the nailing? It seems like almost every nail splits the ...
0
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1answer
77 views

Removing a wall to the ceiling / roof

Edit 2: I called an engineer and paid for his evaluation of the wall. It's not load bearing. Realized that I left out some basics about the house. This house is built on a raised foundation with ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Given the variance in the depth of drive of a nail, how stringent are codes for length of nail when framing?

Related to Do the nails stick out any when toe-nailing studs?, given the variance in the depth of drive of the nail, how stringent are codes for framing? For example, the code for toe-nailing a stud ...
5
votes
3answers
550 views

Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?

So I'm attempting to do the "stick framing" method of building a non-bearing wall. I've got pnumatic nailer and I'm toe-nailing nails on each side. The problem is, because of the angle the nail ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Nail Gun for Framing and installing subfloor

I'm looking to buy a nail gun because I have a lot of framing and probably 90+ sheets of subfloor to install this summer 1) I would use 16d coated sinkers for the studs and 8d nails for the flooring, ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Add bracing to I-Joist

I am trying to build a non-load bearing wall parallel to the I-joist in my basement. I know that I need to add bracing to span the gap between the wall and the joist, but I am slightly confused as to ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Balloon frame fire blocking

I've got a two-story balloon frame house that is gutted. I have to install fire blocking between studs in the wall cavity. Do I install the fire blocking wherever there is a floor, or wherever there ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

How to toe-nail with 4 nails

This seems like a silly question, but how does one toe-nail a stud to a plate with 4 8d nails according to this International Building Code fastener schedule? You can use either 3-16d nails or 4-8d ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Why are 3-1/2 (16d) nails so hard to find?

So I'm a little confused. It seems like 21 degree fullhead framing nailers are fairly standard. According to the ...
3
votes
2answers
44 views

Lath and Plaster Framing: a Floating 2x4?

I'm putting a bathroom in upstairs. I sistered the joists (red arrows), but there is a 2x4 (blue arrow) laying flat directly above a wall that is between the downstairs office and the dinning room. ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Calculating floor load strength

Well I'm sure this had been covered over and over. I could not find the formula I seek. I'm building a storage room in the back of a large steel building on my property and I was thinking I'd use the ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

what size of beam should I use to replace 3 2x8 that is 16 feet?

What is the equivalent of a 3 2x8, 16 feet? I would like to use one beam (for decorative effect) instead of the 2x8s since the beam will be exposed. This will go up in my dining room ceiling. If the ...
3
votes
4answers
160 views

Ramset nails not flush with basement frame wall

I built my first wall in my basement when I started to frame and I bought the Ramset MasterShot 0.22 gun from Home Depot and read up on everything and when I used it to nail my treated 2x4 to the ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

How far out off the wall framing do gypsum panels for the ceiling need to be?

How many inches does fire drywall need to be from wall out on ceiling?
0
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2answers
48 views

What size header do I need for a new garage service door?

I am going to cut out the wall in my garage under my stairs to build a small room. When I put up the door I have to use a header because it's a load bearing wall. Do I need to make the header out of ...
0
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3answers
75 views

Safe to remove entry stairwall?

We have a split entry that is minuscule with stairs heading either up or down and a tiny landing. I would like to remove the wall separating the up from the downstairs (it may be the only wall that ...
4
votes
3answers
683 views

How can I choose the best lag screw / lag bolt?

I will be fastening Unistrut vertically along studs to facilitate garage storage, and want some guidance on choosing the "best" lag bolts to use. I want them large enough to handle hundreds of pounds ...
1
vote
3answers
95 views

Can I use a non-standard design for a stairwell ceiling cutout in an old house?

I am designing the framing for a stairwell in an 1870's cottage, which is presenting a few extra constraints. What seems to be the standard approach throws up a couple of additional issues, and I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

How to build a wall under duct work

So I'm trying to finish my basement. I have a conundrum as to how to build a wall under a soffit. Here's my situation - I have an HVAC duct that is running really close to the wall - like maybe 1.5" ...