For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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4
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0answers
26 views

What can I do about a Rough opening that is REALLY out of square?

The house I am living in has a rather interesting problem. Due to what I suspect was Jack Daniels building inspections in this town in the 80's, the footing wall under the second floor dining room ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Different options for setting floor joists on top of cinder block foundation

I am in the preliminary phases of a new home design, which I will eventually get run by a professional builder but I am conceptualizing it on my own. So I am exploring different ways to attach the ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

how to attach framing to this window in concrete?

I'm looking to finish my basement. I have several windows embedded in the concrete as shown in the picture below. I was planning to put framing up in front of the concrete and run some plywood all ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Can I use braces to fix squeaky floors?

I have quite a few squeaky floors in my 6-month-old house. The main floor plywood (glued and nailed) got rained on as it was being assembled. My basement is unfinished. I would like to do some repairs ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Can it be appropriate to orient a 2x4 “wide side out”?

When we frame walls, we normally orient the 2x4 with the thin surface facing outward. What are the consequences of orienting the 2x4 so that the wide surface faces outward instead? Does the wood ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Load considerations on framing members that are only attached to concrete?

I am building out a workshop space in my basement, and want to put up framing on the walls, as shown here: Specifically the left wall and the far wall, both of which have a lip. The foundation ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Sistering stingers to convert stairs from closed to open stinger

I have a set of existing closed stringer stairs with a full wall on the left and half wall on the right. I am looking to remove the full wall and modify both sides of the stairs to an open style. I ...
2
votes
2answers
206 views

Attaching non-load bearing walls to steel I-beams

I'm preparing to remodel my basement. A steel I-beam runs the length the of the basement with vertical steel columns spaced periodically across the span. The beam is 5" wide and 8" tall. I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Expanding closet opening to its fullest

I have a closet in my kitchen that currently acts as our pantry. It looks like any standard closet with two sliding doors and shelves on the interior. It has a header above it for two sliding doors ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How can I frame a wall in a confined space?

I have to frame a wall inside my cold storage so that I can insulate it. The cold storage is 5 ft wide and 30 feet long. I cannot frame the wall on the ground and raise it up like I would with plenty ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Do I leave this insulation up?

I am researching how to finish one room in my basement, and not sure what to do with what I think is vapor barrier or wall wrap insulation. Its only on two of the four walls which I assume is because ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How should I build a low profile stud wall in a basement?

I'm considering several options for building out a wall in a basement. Unfortunately, due to the way that the stairs leading to the basement are positioned in my house and the spacing I have to build ...
6
votes
5answers
475 views

How many Tapcons should be used to anchor a baseplate to a concrete floor?

I'm building a non-structural wall in my basement. I'm using Pressure-treated lumber on top of a foam sill gasket to protect from any moisture. How many tapcons should be used per 8-foot length to ...
5
votes
2answers
493 views

how critical are distances between studs?

I'm in the process of finishing my basement (east-central Minnesota, US). So far, I've put up a couple of wood stud walls... non-load bearing, simple partition walls. One one of these walls, the ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Installing some blocking in a load bearing wall

I'm doing some work on a bathroom and I'm planning on installing a floating vanity. I've seen suggestions to just use toggles + 1 stud and/or toggles altogether and cross your fingers, but just for ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Should I use traditional 2x4 framing or 1x3 grid framing for a New England basement remodel?

I'm trying to decide which framing method to go with for a particular room while finishing a basement. I live in New England and I already have 2" foam board glued to the concrete using the correct ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Ceiling Fan Pancake Box Install

I need to replace a ceiling fan and add a round 1/2" deep pancake box. However, the clearance with the drywall is slightly off and leaves a gap in the ceiling when the ceiling fan is installed. Is it ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How do I install a new interior partition wall?

I am adding a new interior partition wall to frame a closet. The wall is perpendicular to the cathedral ceiling rafters (angled at 40deg). Can I nail/screw the top plate of the partition to the ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Is it safe to remove 2 “extra” jack studs to make a 60" wide door opening wider?

We went to install our new main entrance 60" door (replacing double-door with single door and 2 sidelights). After we received the new door and shaved out more of the sheet rock, we saw that there ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Is it a problem if the framing is 4" short of the edge of slab foundation?

Addition to house, added slab to 7.5' x 21' porch surrounded on 3 sides. Brick & siding exterior. I think the framers thought there was going to be continuous brick, because the framing is set ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

what size and orientation of wood should I use?

I need to replace a rotted wood piece that lays on top of a masonry column and is under (and supports) a 2" X 10" joist that supports a porch with a roof on it. The existing wood support piece ...
4
votes
4answers
413 views

Is it okay that framing in houses is sloppy?

I've been watching people do framing on residential homes for a while; both in person and on videos. The framing is very "sloppy" compared to watching a craftsman build a cabinet, for example. The ...
0
votes
0answers
611 views

Replacing Load-Bearing 2x4 wall with beam and posts - Basement

I would like replace a 64" section of a load bearing wall with a beam and 2 support posts. The current wall is 2x4 pressure treated sill plate on top of poured concrete, 5 2x4 vertical supports and ...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

What does a novice DIY'er need to know before building a wall higher than 8' (14.5' feet to be exact)?

I came upon this question, but it is regarding industrial space: How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall? Therefore, I am asking a new question that pertains to my residential situation. ...
6
votes
3answers
539 views

What to do about a rotten top plate in the wall of old home addition?

This week's rainstorms brought a leak in my roof above a set of windows that are at the low end of a single-story addition with a shallow roof. Our search for the source of the leak (which turned out ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Costruction specs for cabin

Building a simple cabin 20 x 30 feet single story with gable roof. What size should the ceiling joists and roof rafters be? Roof rafters run across the 20' span.
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Wood Cladding Construction Technique

I am working on a tiny house idea that includes a construction technique that I've modified somewhat from something else I saw. I wanted to run it by folks, to see about the wisdom of it. The desire ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

How do I frame in the open front of a 12' high shop/garage building

My building is 32' wide, 26' deep by 12' high. I believe it was built as a carport for RV and other vehicles. The 3-walls use 2x4's 24"oc - the front opening has a good sturdy header that runs the ...
4
votes
3answers
240 views

What is the proper order in framing the basement walls?

I am thinking of finishing my basement and am wondering what is the proper order of things for framing the walls. Do I put up perimeter walls first with electrical, insulation and vapor barrier, and ...
1
vote
2answers
354 views

Suggestions on finishing a concrete vault

I have a newer home that the builder put a concrete vault in. It is basically the porch that was dug out fully to make a room under it with a steel security door. The concrete porch is the ceiling. ...
1
vote
2answers
230 views

Does the rough opening for this door need to be reframed?

I bought an inexpensive 32" prehung entry door to replace an old wood door in my detached garage. After removing the old door and some really bad furring work, the rough opening is just shy of 36" ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

Stud wall bracing

I need to remove a steel brace in the wall between my bedroom and the garage. I'm building a closet in the garage for the bedroom. I'm opening the wall to install mirrored sliding doors. There is ...
0
votes
2answers
137 views

Frame wall with steel post at corner

How do I frame this corner? There are already two walls up (the one on the left that will become a closet), but that the corner where they meet is a steel post. Obviously I can't move that, and I ...
1
vote
0answers
194 views

frame soffit against foundation wall

I'm framing my basement and I have a duct that runs along the foundation wall. There's a little over a 1" gap between the duct and the wall, so I was planning on putting up XPS along the wall and then ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Proper way to connect joist to top plate?

What's the proper way to connect an element like this: I was thinking hurricane ties but was wondering if there was a better connector.
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Possible to remove truss and add collar ties?

I am doing a pretty significant garage renovation and had a couple questions. I was originally going to just replace the loft (the original wasn't supported on top the stud wall on side which always ...
3
votes
2answers
305 views

Can a 1x4 jack stud be used instead of a 2x4?

I just noticed that my contractor,whom is building a shed, has cut the sole plate and replaced the jack stud with a 1 by 4 to accommodate a door he ordered. He had framed the opening too small and ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Wall frame weirdness during renovations

so I am renovating my garage and noticed something in 2 spots along the frame when ripping down the drywall. Here is a photo: The walls of the garage have stood for many many years without major ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

How to frame ceiling in unfinished basement

My basement is partially finished. One room which is not finished, that I'd like to finish, sits below the garage. The room is surrounded by 4 walls of concrete blocks, has a concrete slab floor, and ...
2
votes
4answers
898 views

Framing a wall over a carpeted floor

I have a carpeted basement. There is both pad and carpet over concrete. There is a section I want to wall off and turn into a bedroom, it will not be load bearing. I would prefer not to have to ...
0
votes
0answers
97 views

What is the minimum thickness of an insulated bathroom wall

I am trying to build a basement bathroom in the corner of the house. Where I am, basement insulation codes are R10/13. What is the minimum that I can do to frame and insulate a wall. The two ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

How do I frame this oddly spaced rough in

It's been a long time since I posted about this stupid rough in (dang kids), but I'm attempting to get back on it. The spacing for these pipes are driving me crazy. For a quick reference, the ...
1
vote
3answers
226 views

Gutted a basement and found a window, what should I do?

I recently gutted my basement in an early 1900s home that was finished in the mid-80s, and discovered a window! This window is directly under my front door, hidden by a deck that I've never really ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Asbestos in close proximity of floor repair

I have a floor repair to make in a 1950's home that had the large in floor central heater installed that has long been removed. The owner wants the grate removed and flooring toothed back in, matching ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

How much termite damage to load-bearing studs and sill plates warrants reinforcement or replacement?

I opened up an exterior wall and found a lot of termite damage. They did a number on two load-bearing studs and the sill plate they're resting on. To get a sense of the damage, I cleared out as much ...
3
votes
1answer
527 views

Can I build 11' x 5.5' loft with 2x2x8 beam and 2x4 joist?

I have looked at a lot of span tables and calculators and am not sure if I can safely build this loft. It is in a garage and will need to bear the weight of two or three people and a build-in desk ...
1
vote
2answers
275 views

Want to know if we can make the window size of a bay window larger?

I'm not sure if enough of the framing has been exposed in these photos to answer this question, but thought I would give it a try. I have more photos I can add, but I can only seem to put one in? We ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to frame a door in a passageway?

I'd like to add a door into the entrance of a passageway which leads into the bedrooms. The entrance dimensions are 87 1/4 X 39 3/4 and is drywall. it seems the standard door widths are 36 X 80, so it ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Can I safely remove this unused blocking from a load-bearing wall?

In opening up an exterior (load-bearing wall) to re-insulate it and replace wood paneling with drywall, I found a weird piece of blocking towards the top. It doesn't look like it's supporting ...
4
votes
1answer
10k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack ...