For questions generally relating to outdoor, semi-elevated, non-enclosed structures such as decks, gazebos, pergolas, etc.

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4
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I build deck stairs flush with the end of the deck?

I have a deck design where I want stairs coming down perpendicular to the joist starting at the end of the joist. You can see the picture as a generic not to scale drawing of what I mean. I had ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How to repair a deck?

We need to repair the underside of our deck that appears to be breaking apart. Does anyone have any ideas on how to repair this? What materials should we use for repair? Thank you :-)
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Deck joists and ledger gap

Sorry if my terminology is bad, I tried to pick up some of the terms and do some research in the ICC before posing the question here. I've got a contractor replacing a deck for me and I noticed that ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Understanding deck spans for beams.

I've been looking at various span charts for decks and I'm still not quite sure how to calculate it all when you take into account not just the joists, but the beams and posts as well. What we ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Under Deck Ceiling Using Barn Steel Roofing Panels

I priced underdeck ceilings at $12/sq ft installed. That is just way more than I am willing to pay, and I am just not that fussy, so I am going to do my own under deck ceiling using barn steel ...
1
vote
1answer
432 views

DIY Deck Stripper Formula

I'm stripping latex off my second story deck (8x38). I've stripped approximately a 12x8' section using 2 gal of Jomax Stain & Finish Deck Stripper. (This should have been enough to do 200 sqft ...
0
votes
2answers
357 views

Should I build a deck over my existing concrete patio or other?

I have a very challenging, small, north facing, graded back yard. The lowest portion of the yard is totally unusable. Attached to the house is a small concrete patio slab that at the highest point is ...
1
vote
1answer
587 views

Should I use silicone caulk on the side of a deck ledger?

I have a deck ledger attached to the rim joist (the vinyl siding was cut away), and some flashing above the ledger. On the side of the ledger there is a gap between the end of the 2x10, and the ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

What size posts for elevated Kids play house?

I'm building an elevated kid's play house. The raised platform will be 6' - 8' off the ground. The platform will be 8' x 10', the house will take up half of the platform and maybe less. I'm planning ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Ground level deck - how to attach bearers to concrete

I'm building a free-standing deck that is at ground level on one side, and the ground slopes away to about 60cm on the other. My question is, what's the best approach for the bearers at the point ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Is deck joist sistering a sloppy repair?

I have a few bad deck joists that I replaced with new PT joists. These repairs are great. Now I have a few more not too bad joists that will be rotted in a few years. I am thinking to add new PT ...
1
vote
2answers
282 views

Beefing up deck joists: Decrease spacing or increase joist width?

I'm looking for an expert opinion from builders that have been there done that: I am laying out a 5' x 90' deck that is 40" above the ground. I'd like to meet 100 psf live + 10 psf dead load. This ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

2x6 deck joists: salvageable or need replacing?

We have a roughly 10x30 elevated wood deck off the pack of our house. The joists are all 2x6 16oc. The posts are 4x4 and are holding up a beam that the joists hang off of with joist hangers. I feel ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Deck Ledger with Manufactured Wood Joists

My house came with a second story deck added by the previous owner. The ledger is attached directly over the stucco and is attached to a 1/2 in plywood band board with deck screws. The band board ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Should there be waterproofing between the rim joist and ledger on new construction?

My new house is being built with a deck and I noticed that the framer has fastened the ledger directly to the rim joist without any sort of waterproofing between. The sheathing which is Zip system ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Concrete porches pulling away from home and cracking

I have an 1940'sish home with old concrete porches (x3) they are cracking, chipping, and pulling away from the home. Would I be able to repair them? If not could I build a deck over them (wooden)? I ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Cracks on Decking

I just moved into a first-floor apartment with a small wood deck in the front, and just last week I applied two layers of teak oil coating. Before that, I cleaned and brushed it with a special wood ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

How do I prepare this cracked deck wood surface for staining? (Picture)

My deck is about 15 years old. I believe the previous owner stained it only once, when it was built. I've pressure washed it, and now am getting it ready for re-staining. However, a lot of planks have ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Do I need to screw down both sides of a composite deck board at each joist?

I'm going to be using 6" composite deck boards to redo our front porch. I'm going to use a hidden screw system where you screw it down diagonally along the edge. The typical screw pattern looks like ...
2
votes
2answers
479 views

How can I restore the color of my Trex deck after sanding?

We have Trex Deck on a screened in porch. I resorted to sanding a couple of spots to get rid of stains, left when the cat upchucked his food. Now those spots are darker than the rest of the flooring ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Hurricane ties installed using joist hanger nails top AND bottom. Should I yank them out?

I'm using double sided hurricane ties to secure my joists to my beams for a deck I am building. The tie looks like below: I had been using 1.5" joist hanger nails for the 6 holes at the top that ...
3
votes
3answers
169 views

What is the right way to mount a support column to a deck and to a header?

Situation: I have an existing deck with a roof overhang. I'm in the process of planning a rebuild and need to detail how the columns will A: attach to the existing roof and B: to the deck. I can find ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Freestanding deck - should I use joist hangers or bugle screws to attach joists to the bearers?

I'm planning a freestanding deck in the back yard, and I noticed that in this video they suggested that you could use bugle screws instead of joist hangers. Since I don't have a ledger board at either ...
0
votes
1answer
285 views

How do I plumb LP gas lines for multiple things? Tiki torches, grill, smoker

I am an experienced DYIer and am starting my research on building my deck. I would like to plumb it for eight tiki torches, a grill and a smoker. I have experience plumbing gas, I plumbed my last ...
5
votes
3answers
41k views

Should I finish staining my half-stained deck with rain coming?

We were supposed to have two weeks of perfect weather conditions so I started the process of staining my deck, I cleaned it, sanded it and yesterday applied the first coat to half of it. Now the ...
6
votes
3answers
11k views

what is the best way to restore teak outdoor furniture?

What is the best way to restore outdoor teak furniture to the original or better looking color? Teak is so beautiful when it has not been weathered. But after a few years in the rain and sun, it ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

How to seal seams between wooden deck rails?

A contractor apparently did not a good job on rebuilding my deck and after a couple of months caulking in between wooden moving deck railings doesn't provide any sealing from water dripping into the ...
65
votes
12answers
30k views

Is there a case where nails are better than screws, from an engineering/structural standpoint?

Is there a case where nails are better than screws, from a structural standpoint? For instance: Say you used screws instead of nails on a backyard deck, when the design specifically called for nails. ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

how to fix exposed deck in poor weather

We hired probably the wrong contractor to reseal our deck. Part of the deck is sheltered from above, but there is a walkway (pictured) which is not. The contractor tried to apply some waterproofing ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

can a 2x4 withstand 200lbs out pressure on the 1.5" side? [closed]

I need to know if I cut a 2x4 at 42", which will be down the side of a 2x8 by 7 inches, carriage bolted at 2" and 5" below the surface of the deck, bolted through a 2x8 (1.5" thick), that will extend ...
4
votes
4answers
24k views

Applied stain to deck and still not dry after a week, what can I do?

I decided to restain my deck last week since it was looking pretty worn after a New England winter. The deck is only 1 year old since we bought new construction. I contacted the builder and purchased ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Solid wood beam size for deck 12' span post to post.

What size solid wood beam do I need for a deck that spans less than 7' from the house to the beam. The beam would have a span less than 12' from post to post.
4
votes
2answers
22k views

How should I build the concrete footings for my deck?

I plan on making a small deck and I live in Howard County Maryland. The deck code here says that the concrete footing must be 30 in below ground level and have a thickness of at least 8 inches (i.e. ...
3
votes
5answers
11k views

How do I attach a ledger board if I have no interior access?

I would like to build a small, 24" high deck, for a new entry door to the house. I have the deck plans all laid out, and am in need of a 2x10 ledger board under the door to attach the deck to. Most ...
5
votes
4answers
98 views

How to install 2x10 joists of slightly different sizes?

We are trying to install the joist hangers and the joists, but the 2x10s are slightly different sizes. The problem is that some of the boards are 9.25" and some are 9.5" and some in between. So if all ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

What kind of trim should go under a deck patio door?

So an inspection on my brother's house revealed that it has been missing any kind of trim under the patio door that goes out to the deck -- possibly since it was built (he says he just never noticed ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

If I'm attaching a freestanding deck to cement landing, is it ok to have it sloped and not perfectly level?

When I took the original measurements of the step height, I didn't take into consideration the sloping cement landing areas off the last step. So my deck height, plus the 1" decking board is about ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Deck posts - set in concrete or use anchors?

I'm planning to build an elevated deck. I was going to dig the holes for the posts, put them in and set them in quikrete. I've done this for a fence and I'm comfortable with the process. A deck ...
4
votes
5answers
10k views

What type of lag bolts should I use for a deck?

I am looking at galvanized lag bolts (for the ledger) and carriage bolts (for attaching the beam to the post) for a deck. I can't find "hot-dipped galvanized" bolts/lag screws only galvanized. Is ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Building an 18' x 8 foot free standing deck with pergola

My plan is to build an 18 x 8 foot free standing deck at the front entrance to my home. Then add a pergola over the entire deck. My area is sandy soil. No underground utilities in the area I want to ...
9
votes
6answers
38k views

Do I need to sand my entire deck before staining?

I recently cleaned my deck using Behr deck cleaner and want to re-stain it before the winter. Do you recommend sanding the entire deck, or just the affected areas where the stain has come off? I was ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

deck railings: alternatives to 4x4 posts?

I'm working on a deck with a lot of level changes. Using 4x4 posts for the railing is undesirable because it'll look rather clunky. I am wondering if there are any examples someone can point me to ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Code for footings for a above ground deck

We are having a 12x16 deck built. It is free standing and about 4 and 1/2 feet above the ground and contractor put 6 footings using sona tubes but only for a 10x16. We explained that the contract ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Tacky paint on deck

I power washed my deck , waited 3 or 4 days . Put dry lock primer on , waited another 3 or 4 days . Put first coat of exterior paint on . 5 days later paint is still tacky . What is my problem ? PS I ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

How do I replace 2x4 outdoor decking with 1x4 hardwood decking?

I have a small entry area deck outside my front door, roughly 70 sqft. The deck is currently made of 2x4's and a few 2x6's screwed into ~16" on center floor joists. I replaced the front door and ...
5
votes
3answers
721 views

How will concrete fill in?

So I am pouring some footings for a deck I am building and my current plan is to dig a hole that is 18" wide and 18" deep. I'm then going to suspend a sonotube about 6 inches above the bottom (using ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Completely waterproof top of deck/shed (would TigerPaw work?)

I have a deck at my front door. I have made it so that below the deck is a shed. I am having trouble water proofing the top of the deck. I have seen many things on the internet to have something under ...
6
votes
4answers
17k views

How do I vertically connect two 4x4s on a deck to build a roof?

I have a deck I am going to put a roof over. It has 4x4s for vertical supports that I need to extend upward to attach my trusses to. What is the best way to connect two vertical 4x4s?
1
vote
2answers
522 views

Adding rebar to deck footings and piers?

I've heard a few people mention adding rebar to deck footings and piers to make them stronger, but I haven't been able to find any details on how exactly to do this. Is it sufficient to just hammer ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Does a contract to build a deck need an occupancy clause?

I am replacing an exterior deck. I've had several contractors out to give quotes, accepted an estimate from one, and am now in the position of signing (or not) a contract for the work. It's a lump sum ...