For questions generally relating to outdoor, semi-elevated, non-enclosed structures such as decks, gazebos, pergolas, etc.

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2
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2answers
224 views

Can salt be used to create a slip resistance surface in concrete?

Is it true that salt can be used to put a slip resistant surface in fresh concrete?
2
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2answers
2k views

Deck handrail bracket

I just had a deck built and it failed inspection, partly because of the lack of a graspbable handrail (see also my related question Concrete blocks supporting deck stairs) . The current rail is a ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Hurricane ties installed using joist hanger nails top AND bottom. Should I yank them out?

I'm using double sided hurricane ties to secure my joists to my beams for a deck I am building. The tie looks like below: I had been using 1.5" joist hanger nails for the 6 holes at the top that ...
2
votes
3answers
76 views

Can I shim the top of an 6x6 post that i supporting a beam?

I'll admit it - I cut a 6x6 fir post 7/8" too short. I don't relish buying a new one because of cost, it being the weekend, and the attachment to the base pier is with a knife-style simpson connection ...
2
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2answers
116 views

Ground level deck - how to attach bearers to concrete

I'm building a free-standing deck that is at ground level on one side, and the ground slopes away to about 60cm on the other. My question is, what's the best approach for the bearers at the point ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

How can I repair and repaint a deck whose planks were caulked?

So, parent's deck was looking ok, until for some reason some painters convinced my mother to "seal" the deck so water wouldn't fall down to the patio furniture below. They applied some sort of caulk ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What should I do on the sides of a deck ledger?

I plan on hanging my ledger board similar to the picture described here. I am going to be bending coil stock for the drip cap and the Z flashing. The diagram though doesn't depict what should be ...
2
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2answers
722 views

How do I interpret the American Wood Council's Design for Code Acceptance table of cantilevered joists?

In designing a deck I've been looking at this Deck Construction Guide (PDF) Table 2 lists the max joist spans (Lj) for joists that are cantilevered by a maximum of Lj/4. How do I calculate Lj/4? For ...
2
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4answers
494 views

How can I hold a nut underneath a deck with no clearance while screwing a bolt into it?

I have an existing deck with composite wood planks. My kids bought me a gazebo for my grill that I would like to bolt to the deck. Is there a tool I can use to hold the nut and washer in place under ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Where can I store outdoor patio or deck furniture over the winter?

I have a variety of plastic / wood / metal patio furniture that I am looking to store over the winter. Unfortunately, I don't have space inside to store it. We usually see temperatures of about 10 ...
2
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2answers
4k views

How should I finish and protect outdoor wooden steps?

My house has a wooden staircase leading up to the front door. It gets a lot of traffic and is uncovered, so its exposed to New England winters. This means snow, ice, ice-melt, sand, shoveling, etc.. ...
2
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2answers
146 views

How can I remove paint from a wood deck so I can stain it?

We recently purchased this house and the deck was painted. It now needs to be repainted, but we want to stain it. We are in the mountains and can not use a pressure washer since we do not have ...
2
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4answers
4k views

Should I set deck post footings deeply or use concrete footings?

I am building a deck. How about setting 6x6 p.t. posts down on a concrete footing at 4 feet deep (the frost line here) and fill with gravel and soil, and then let the posts run high for the railings? ...
2
votes
3answers
306 views

Is a porch just a deck with a roof?

I'm thinking about building a back porch but I've never had experience with such a big project. I'm finding plenty of books and documents on how to build a deck but very few about building a porch. Is ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Where to start with raised deck

I currently have a flat roof over my patio which looks really solid as it is an extension of a flat room from my living room. I want to have someone come out and verify the integrity of it along with ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Attaching a ledger board - only partial rim joist

Last year I removed the rotting deck that was on the back of my house and this year I am replacing it. The previous ledger board was bolted directly against the shingles in the position indicated by ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Can I paint a deck when wet weather is forecasted?

I am planning on painting my mothers deck and I have a limited amount of time. I am planning on painting it on Saturday, but I saw there is forecast for rain. I am wondering if it would be better to ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Can 6x6 Glue Lamm Post be installed on the exterior and be exposed to the weather?

Can I use a 6x6 glue lamm post as a support post for an upper deck and can this type of post be exposed to the outside elements (rain, snow, etc..)
2
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1answer
5k views

How do I seal a painted deck?

The builders of my home painted my front and back porch. The railings are white, and the decking itself is the same color as the house. It looks great, but the paint has all peeled up. I'm in the ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

How can I fix composite deck railing that wasn't installed with brackets?

Had a contractor install a composite railing on my deck and he did not use brackets to secure the railings he just screwed it to the posts. This was 3 years ago, it looked great at first but, over the ...
2
votes
2answers
508 views

Deck: Connecting Band/rim joist to floor joists

I'm building a deck. Joists are sitting on top of the beam and cantelever over the end of the beam a bit. What is the appropriate way to connect the rim (end of the deck that is perpendicular to ...
2
votes
1answer
617 views

DIY Deck Stripper Formula

I'm stripping latex off my second story deck (8x38). I've stripped approximately a 12x8' section using 2 gal of Jomax Stain & Finish Deck Stripper. (This should have been enough to do 200 sqft ...
2
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1answer
236 views

Deck Footing capacity with BigFoot base

I'm planning a new deck (completely replacing and enlarging an existing deck). The deck will be 25'x15' w/25 ft being attached to the house. I'm trying to determine what footings are required. ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the best position for a French drain between a wall and a patio?

Below is the layout of my patio and the context The patio settled and now moisture collects at the base of the wall causing efflorescence on it and small cracks in the cement coating at the base of ...
2
votes
2answers
342 views

Can I replace a bit of a cinder block wall with wood post to support a deck?

We're in the process of replacing some deck boards, and are wondering if we should replace a section of the cement block wall. We're also not sure what the best way to go about it is. It's apparent ...
2
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2answers
1k views

How to secure vinyl post caps?

I have a deck with vinyl posts, and 5"x5" vinyl caps on the posts. I'm looking at how I can affix them to the posts so they don't blow off. I found a "Vinyl Fence Glue" listed at both Home Depot and ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

How to build deck steps down to patio?

I have a deck on the back of my house with a patio next to the deck. I would like to build a wide set of steps down to the patio. Can I have the steps rest on top of the patio or should I put ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

Did I do the right thing putting small stones under my deck?

I bought a foreclosure house last year (built in 1987), there is a tall deck at the back, and backyard is slightly sloped away from the house. The deck was rebuilt from scratch before put on market ...
2
votes
2answers
544 views

How can I restore the color of my Trex deck after sanding?

We have Trex Deck on a screened in porch. I resorted to sanding a couple of spots to get rid of stains, left when the cat upchucked his food. Now those spots are darker than the rest of the flooring ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Can I bolt over an existing ledger board?

I am rebuilding my pergola and all that remains of the previous structure is the 2x10 ledger board, which is bolted through the fascia into what I assume must be the brick wall behind.Taking the thing ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

different sizes for joists on a deck

I am building a deck. One section of the deck will come out from the house 4 feet furhter than the rest of the deck. This pushes my joist spans to the next larger size. This part of the deck is ...
2
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2answers
668 views

How do I attach plywood over 2“ x 6” deck boards in preparation for a waterproof cover?

My two decks (12'x26' and 12'x14') are in good shape. Minor rot has been repaired. I am applying 5/8" Tongue & Groove plywood over the 2x6 deck board as a base for 68 mil vinyl covering. I know I ...
2
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1answer
3k views

How should I build large concrete footings for my deck?

I live in Howard County Maryland. You may find out deck guide useful for this question, although probably not needed. It requires 18 in diameter footings 30 inches in to the ground and must be 8 in ...
2
votes
1answer
550 views

Is flashing required to attach a landing to the exterior of a house

I will have a landing running from the back door, then four or five steps to ground. Do I need to place metal flashing where the landing attaches to the house, or some other means of protecting the ...
2
votes
1answer
927 views

Need to attach deck ledger to house covering a vent

I am building a deck attached to the house, and on one side I will need to have the ledger covering a section of wall that has a crawlspace vent cover. If I have a big enough gap between the ledger ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Options for correcting improper deck beam to post attachments

We purchased a house with a large deck where the post to beam connections look exactly like the prohibited configuration shown here: The 6 x 6 posts are all attached to concrete footings using the ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Under Deck Ceiling Using Barn Steel Roofing Panels

I priced underdeck ceilings at $12/sq ft installed. That is just way more than I am willing to pay, and I am just not that fussy, so I am going to do my own under deck ceiling using barn steel ...
1
vote
2answers
329 views

Beefing up deck joists: Decrease spacing or increase joist width?

I'm looking for an expert opinion from builders that have been there done that: I am laying out a 5' x 90' deck that is 40" above the ground. I'd like to meet 100 psf live + 10 psf dead load. This ...
1
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5answers
369 views

Do I need to redo this deck or it would be OK to clean it and repaint it?

Do I need to redo this deck or it would be OK to clean it and repaint it ? In my opinion the floor is in bad shape and so are the top rails By law info
1
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4answers
725 views

Driving screws back into weathered deck

I have a 20+ year old deck behind my home. It's in great shape, but I want to refinish it this summer. Problem is, a number of the Phillips screws have popped up over the years. I have a basic Hitachi ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

What is the strongest way to join a deck joist to a corner joint?

I'm working on designing the support frame for a deck for my backyard. The basic shape of the deck: It's essentially a square with one corner chopped off. The red line is the joist in question, ...
1
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3answers
1k views

can I use a thick coating to fill the gaps between planks on wood deck?

I want to use the space under my deck for entertaining when its raining. What would happen if I used one of the thick bed liner type wood coatings and simply applied it to the decking and also into ...
1
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2answers
172 views

Rail spacing & Child proofing a deck

For a deck to be considered child proofed, what is the recommended spacing between the rails?
1
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2answers
11k views

What are the drawbacks of not attaching deck to house?

I am planning on building a small deck on the side of my house where there is no door or window. The level of the deck is below the top of the basement, so I need to drill through the concrete for the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How close to plumb to deck posts need to be?

I'm building a deck as the floor of a 30' yurt. Construction is 4" x 6" joists on 4" x 4" posts, on pre-cast concrete pier blocks, on tamped gravel footings. Posts are 20" - 30" long. Lumber is ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Adding height to an exsisting deck support pole

I have a small 5'x 8' deck platform that is 30" lower then my main deck. I would like to raise that platform to the existing height of my main deck. The platform has 4" x 6" supports set in concrete ...
1
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1answer
147 views

Freestanding deck - should I use joist hangers or bugle screws to attach joists to the bearers?

I'm planning a freestanding deck in the back yard, and I noticed that in this video they suggested that you could use bugle screws instead of joist hangers. Since I don't have a ledger board at either ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

How to seal seams between wooden deck rails?

A contractor apparently did not a good job on rebuilding my deck and after a couple of months caulking in between wooden moving deck railings doesn't provide any sealing from water dripping into the ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Can I build a deck close to the ground? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I build a deck this low to the ground? Every set of instructions I've seen for building a deck requires me to put joists on top of beams attached to posts. But I ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Cracks in deck supports

I have a deck supported by 6x6s. Two of which seem to be developing some sizable cracks. Should I be concerned? Can I repair / reinforce the posts?