For questions generally relating to outdoor, semi-elevated, non-enclosed structures such as decks, gazebos, pergolas, etc.

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2
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2answers
649 views

How do I interpret the American Wood Council's Design for Code Acceptance table of cantilevered joists?

In designing a deck I've been looking at this Deck Construction Guide (PDF) Table 2 lists the max joist spans (Lj) for joists that are cantilevered by a maximum of Lj/4. How do I calculate Lj/4? For ...
2
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4answers
466 views

How can I hold a nut underneath a deck with no clearance while screwing a bolt into it?

I have an existing deck with composite wood planks. My kids bought me a gazebo for my grill that I would like to bolt to the deck. Is there a tool I can use to hold the nut and washer in place under ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Where can I store outdoor patio or deck furniture over the winter?

I have a variety of plastic / wood / metal patio furniture that I am looking to store over the winter. Unfortunately, I don't have space inside to store it. We usually see temperatures of about 10 ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

How should I finish and protect outdoor wooden steps?

My house has a wooden staircase leading up to the front door. It gets a lot of traffic and is uncovered, so its exposed to New England winters. This means snow, ice, ice-melt, sand, shoveling, etc.. ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

How can I remove paint from a wood deck so I can stain it?

We recently purchased this house and the deck was painted. It now needs to be repainted, but we want to stain it. We are in the mountains and can not use a pressure washer since we do not have ...
2
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4answers
3k views

Should I set deck post footings deeply or use concrete footings?

I am building a deck. How about setting 6x6 p.t. posts down on a concrete footing at 4 feet deep (the frost line here) and fill with gravel and soil, and then let the posts run high for the railings? ...
2
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3answers
262 views

Is a porch just a deck with a roof?

I'm thinking about building a back porch but I've never had experience with such a big project. I'm finding plenty of books and documents on how to build a deck but very few about building a porch. Is ...
2
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2answers
107 views

Where to start with raised deck

I currently have a flat roof over my patio which looks really solid as it is an extension of a flat room from my living room. I want to have someone come out and verify the integrity of it along with ...
2
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2answers
976 views

Attaching a ledger board - only partial rim joist

Last year I removed the rotting deck that was on the back of my house and this year I am replacing it. The previous ledger board was bolted directly against the shingles in the position indicated by ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Can I paint a deck when wet weather is forecasted?

I am planning on painting my mothers deck and I have a limited amount of time. I am planning on painting it on Saturday, but I saw there is forecast for rain. I am wondering if it would be better to ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Can 6x6 Glue Lamm Post be installed on the exterior and be exposed to the weather?

Can I use a 6x6 glue lamm post as a support post for an upper deck and can this type of post be exposed to the outside elements (rain, snow, etc..)
2
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1answer
4k views

How do I seal a painted deck?

The builders of my home painted my front and back porch. The railings are white, and the decking itself is the same color as the house. It looks great, but the paint has all peeled up. I'm in the ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How can I fix composite deck railing that wasn't installed with brackets?

Had a contractor install a composite railing on my deck and he did not use brackets to secure the railings he just screwed it to the posts. This was 3 years ago, it looked great at first but, over the ...
2
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2answers
372 views

Deck: Connecting Band/rim joist to floor joists

I'm building a deck. Joists are sitting on top of the beam and cantelever over the end of the beam a bit. What is the appropriate way to connect the rim (end of the deck that is perpendicular to ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Deck Footing capacity with BigFoot base

I'm planning a new deck (completely replacing and enlarging an existing deck). The deck will be 25'x15' w/25 ft being attached to the house. I'm trying to determine what footings are required. ...
2
votes
2answers
734 views

What is the best position for a French drain between a wall and a patio?

Below is the layout of my patio and the context The patio settled and now moisture collects at the base of the wall causing efflorescence on it and small cracks in the cement coating at the base of ...
2
votes
2answers
281 views

Can I replace a bit of a cinder block wall with wood post to support a deck?

We're in the process of replacing some deck boards, and are wondering if we should replace a section of the cement block wall. We're also not sure what the best way to go about it is. It's apparent ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to secure vinyl post caps?

I have a deck with vinyl posts, and 5"x5" vinyl caps on the posts. I'm looking at how I can affix them to the posts so they don't blow off. I found a "Vinyl Fence Glue" listed at both Home Depot and ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

How to build deck steps down to patio?

I have a deck on the back of my house with a patio next to the deck. I would like to build a wide set of steps down to the patio. Can I have the steps rest on top of the patio or should I put ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Did I do the right thing putting small stones under my deck?

I bought a foreclosure house last year (built in 1987), there is a tall deck at the back, and backyard is slightly sloped away from the house. The deck was rebuilt from scratch before put on market ...
2
votes
2answers
478 views

How can I restore the color of my Trex deck after sanding?

We have Trex Deck on a screened in porch. I resorted to sanding a couple of spots to get rid of stains, left when the cat upchucked his food. Now those spots are darker than the rest of the flooring ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Can I bolt over an existing ledger board?

I am rebuilding my pergola and all that remains of the previous structure is the 2x10 ledger board, which is bolted through the fascia into what I assume must be the brick wall behind.Taking the thing ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

different sizes for joists on a deck

I am building a deck. One section of the deck will come out from the house 4 feet furhter than the rest of the deck. This pushes my joist spans to the next larger size. This part of the deck is ...
2
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2answers
601 views

How do I attach plywood over 2“ x 6” deck boards in preparation for a waterproof cover?

My two decks (12'x26' and 12'x14') are in good shape. Minor rot has been repaired. I am applying 5/8" Tongue & Groove plywood over the 2x6 deck board as a base for 68 mil vinyl covering. I know I ...
2
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1answer
3k views

How should I build large concrete footings for my deck?

I live in Howard County Maryland. You may find out deck guide useful for this question, although probably not needed. It requires 18 in diameter footings 30 inches in to the ground and must be 8 in ...
2
votes
1answer
508 views

Is flashing required to attach a landing to the exterior of a house

I will have a landing running from the back door, then four or five steps to ground. Do I need to place metal flashing where the landing attaches to the house, or some other means of protecting the ...
2
votes
1answer
870 views

Need to attach deck ledger to house covering a vent

I am building a deck attached to the house, and on one side I will need to have the ledger covering a section of wall that has a crawlspace vent cover. If I have a big enough gap between the ledger ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Under Deck Ceiling Using Barn Steel Roofing Panels

I priced underdeck ceilings at $12/sq ft installed. That is just way more than I am willing to pay, and I am just not that fussy, so I am going to do my own under deck ceiling using barn steel ...
2
votes
1answer
788 views

Can I hang a swing from 2 by 8 roof beams?

I have a deck where the roof overhang goes out about 5-6 feet. I'd like to hang a porch swing from the roof beams. I'm looking at three person swing (similar to this model). The adults in the house ...
1
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2answers
282 views

Beefing up deck joists: Decrease spacing or increase joist width?

I'm looking for an expert opinion from builders that have been there done that: I am laying out a 5' x 90' deck that is 40" above the ground. I'd like to meet 100 psf live + 10 psf dead load. This ...
1
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5answers
317 views

Do I need to redo this deck or it would be OK to clean it and repaint it?

Do I need to redo this deck or it would be OK to clean it and repaint it ? In my opinion the floor is in bad shape and so are the top rails By law info
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4answers
623 views

Driving screws back into weathered deck

I have a 20+ year old deck behind my home. It's in great shape, but I want to refinish it this summer. Problem is, a number of the Phillips screws have popped up over the years. I have a basic Hitachi ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the strongest way to join a deck joist to a corner joint?

I'm working on designing the support frame for a deck for my backyard. The basic shape of the deck: It's essentially a square with one corner chopped off. The red line is the joist in question, ...
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3answers
794 views

can I use a thick coating to fill the gaps between planks on wood deck?

I want to use the space under my deck for entertaining when its raining. What would happen if I used one of the thick bed liner type wood coatings and simply applied it to the decking and also into ...
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2answers
152 views

Rail spacing & Child proofing a deck

For a deck to be considered child proofed, what is the recommended spacing between the rails?
1
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2answers
9k views

What are the drawbacks of not attaching deck to house?

I am planning on building a small deck on the side of my house where there is no door or window. The level of the deck is below the top of the basement, so I need to drill through the concrete for the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How close to plumb to deck posts need to be?

I'm building a deck as the floor of a 30' yurt. Construction is 4" x 6" joists on 4" x 4" posts, on pre-cast concrete pier blocks, on tamped gravel footings. Posts are 20" - 30" long. Lumber is ...
1
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2answers
90 views

Ground level deck - how to attach bearers to concrete

I'm building a free-standing deck that is at ground level on one side, and the ground slopes away to about 60cm on the other. My question is, what's the best approach for the bearers at the point ...
1
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1answer
105 views

Freestanding deck - should I use joist hangers or bugle screws to attach joists to the bearers?

I'm planning a freestanding deck in the back yard, and I noticed that in this video they suggested that you could use bugle screws instead of joist hangers. Since I don't have a ledger board at either ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How to seal seams between wooden deck rails?

A contractor apparently did not a good job on rebuilding my deck and after a couple of months caulking in between wooden moving deck railings doesn't provide any sealing from water dripping into the ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Can I build a deck close to the ground? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I build a deck this low to the ground? Every set of instructions I've seen for building a deck requires me to put joists on top of beams attached to posts. But I ...
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2answers
51 views

Is deck joist sistering a sloppy repair?

I have a few bad deck joists that I replaced with new PT joists. These repairs are great. Now I have a few more not too bad joists that will be rotted in a few years. I am thinking to add new PT ...
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1answer
123 views

What size posts for elevated Kids play house?

I'm building an elevated kid's play house. The raised platform will be 6' - 8' off the ground. The platform will be 8' x 10', the house will take up half of the platform and maybe less. I'm planning ...
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2answers
513 views

Adding rebar to deck footings and piers?

I've heard a few people mention adding rebar to deck footings and piers to make them stronger, but I haven't been able to find any details on how exactly to do this. Is it sufficient to just hammer ...
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1answer
95 views

Does a contract to build a deck need an occupancy clause?

I am replacing an exterior deck. I've had several contractors out to give quotes, accepted an estimate from one, and am now in the position of signing (or not) a contract for the work. It's a lump sum ...
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1answer
262 views

How to fix sagging composite deck railing

I have a composite deck (Fiberon boards with a Trex Designer railing system). The guy that built the deck didn't install any of the crush/foot blocks and now the railings are sagging. He's no longer ...
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2answers
116 views

Using old roof footings for a ground-level deck

I had a 40 year-old, asphalt shingled, hip roof (14x18) over a concrete patio that had 4 posts w/footings that supported it in a line opposite the house. The footings, that are still there and were ...
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1answer
70 views

how do i replace a fence post that was also used as a deck footing?

So I removed the old broken 4x4 post that was for the fence and deck. I have the deck sitting on stone slab after I held it up with a jack. It had two bolts that I had to cut out that are still in ...
1
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1answer
705 views

How can I secure these inadequate/leaning deck supports?

I am in the process of buying a house. The home inspector noted problems with the deck, most significantly "leaning posts." What would be required to get those 4x4 supports adequately secured to ...
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3answers
1k views

Concrete Footing or Concrete Blocks For Footings

I'm thinking of building a new deck at my new home that I just moved into. It's going to be a two level one. The highest level will be about 3 feet high. I'm not worried about code because its not ...