For questions generally relating to outdoor, semi-elevated, non-enclosed structures such as decks, gazebos, pergolas, etc.

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5
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1answer
2k views

Is there a correct orientation for hurricane clips?

When installing hurricane clips to joists where it crosses a beam, is there a preference to mounting the clips on the inside or the outside of the beam? And should the ears on the clips point inward ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I build my own deck canopy?

I'd like to build my own deck canopy, and not purchase those retractable awnings that don't seem to last so well out here in Colorado (can be very windy). I have the 'basic' idea in my head but are ...
3
votes
2answers
263 views

What can I do to prevent injuries from the corners of a wooden deck?

We recently had the floor of our wooden deck replaced and in the process, the contractor changed it from having cut-off corners to having real corners. I am concerned with how the new corner sticks ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Can I build a deck close to the ground? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I build a deck this low to the ground? Every set of instructions I've seen for building a deck requires me to put joists on top of beams attached to posts. But I ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Can I turn a 4 X 4 deck post, eight feet high, into a 6 x 6 post by laminating a 2 X 6 and 2 X 4 to it?

My mother-in-law has a deck 8 feet off the ground that is is built with 4 X 4's for support, with only one notched 2 X 6 rim joist on the outerside of the deck which also supports the 2 X 6 joists ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Can I build a deck from reclaimed 2x4's?

As we've remodeled the house, I've replaced some of the structure with more modern woods (ie: 2nd floor ceiling joists that were 2x4's are now 2x6's) Because of this, I have an excessive amount of ...
5
votes
3answers
7k views

How to install a proper deck ledger AFTER the fact?

We just purchased a house that has a roughly 10X20 deck on the back. It's relatively low to the ground (maybe 1-3 feet high). The house is cedar lap siding. The problem is that the deck was built ...
3
votes
1answer
10k views

Can I build a pergola on an existing deck, without digging more footers?

A couple of years ago I built a deck onto my house. It is 32' x 14' I used a cantilever design at 12' with 2x8" floor joists, with 2x6" decking boards. The Cantilever beam was set on 6x6" posts that ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How much structural support does a Gazebo require?

We are having a gazebo built on the end of a new deck. The deck is about 4 feet off the ground at the point where the gazebo will go and the contractor wants to use 4x4 posts dug into the ground all ...
2
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2answers
203 views

Can salt be used to create a slip resistance surface in concrete?

Is it true that salt can be used to put a slip resistant surface in fresh concrete?
6
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I vertically connect two 4x4s on a deck to build a roof?

I have a deck I am going to put a roof over. It has 4x4s for vertical supports that I need to extend upward to attach my trusses to. What is the best way to connect two vertical 4x4s?
4
votes
3answers
840 views

Easiest way to cut, shave, or chisel bottom 8" of posts to fit footings

I got some 6x6's and deck post brackets that are similar to the picture below, except they're 8" high: Come to find out, the 6x6 is slightly too large to fit inside this bracket. Now I see how ...
3
votes
1answer
516 views

How can I stop PVC decking from squeaking?

We recently installed a TimberTech deck using all-PVC flooring. They use a clip fastening system (non-nail and non-screw)that recommends the floor joists be spaced for 12 inches on center, if ...
11
votes
4answers
15k views

How do I improve Pergola Stability?

The deck is nearly finished but I have a small structural problem with the pergola. A left or right force near the top of the pergola (such a a tall person leaning on the post) leads to a bit of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Does anything need to be done to prep the ground before building a low height deck?

Previously I asked about How to add on to a concrete patio? I am still considering my options and am now considering making a wood deck instead of a concrete patio. The deck would be about 14 feet by ...
12
votes
1answer
23k views

How should I clean and repaint a painted wooden deck?

My deck appears to have been painted with just a single layer of paint, which is now peeling off. I like the look of the paint (when it's in better condition, of course), and am uninterested in ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How can I remove paint from a deck?

I bought my house 3 years ago. The deck surface and decorative fence around the edge are painted with a latex-based paint. After shoveling snow each winter, the deck surface is chipped with raw wood ...
5
votes
1answer
463 views

How can I restore ridged decking?

My in-laws have a deck out the back of the house. They're old and the deck hasn't been maintained in 10 years or more. Many of the boards have blackened and are lethally slippery if the weather is ...
9
votes
1answer
5k views

Should I powerwash and waterseal a pressure treated deck?

Is there any maintenance that I should be doing such as yearly power-washing and water-sealing for a pressure treated deck?
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I extend a deck post on an existing deck?

I have an existing deck (built in 1991) that I am making repairs to. As part of the work I want to extend the deck cover that's already there. Existing deck Desired outcome So I know I need to ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I seal a painted deck?

The builders of my home painted my front and back porch. The railings are white, and the decking itself is the same color as the house. It looks great, but the paint has all peeled up. I'm in the ...
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vote
2answers
192 views

Would it be safe to leave charred wood on a deck until repairs can be made?

Had a small fire incident outside on our wood deck. There didn't appear to be any structural damage to any of the supporting material, just a few surface boards which need to be replaced. Can the ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

In a cool damp climate, should I use hardwood or synthetic decking material for a deck that will be near a large tree?

We're building a 12x24 deck in our south-facing backyard in Seattle (aka rainy Pacific NW). There's a very large willow tree in our backyard that doesn't directly hang over the deck, but certainly ...
1
vote
1answer
314 views

Is clorox outdoor + jomax safe on vinyl decking?

I used the recipe suggested in this question to successfully clean my vinyl siding. Its a combination of Jomax, Clorox outdoor, and water. I'm wondering if this solution will work fine on my vinyl ...
7
votes
3answers
13k views

Can I use 4x4 posts as the primary support for a deck?

I have an old cedar deck, and most of the decking and vertical support posts are rotted out. I'd like to rebuild the deck as-is, just replacing the rotting pieces. The current design is as follows: ...
6
votes
1answer
801 views

Is it OK to build a deck with OSB?

I have left over 2x4s and OSB from a project a few months back (lean-to shed). It is just enough to make a 12'x8' deck, and I was wondering if this would be "OK" to use for decking? The main purpose ...
5
votes
3answers
553 views

How to plan for the future when installing a new roof?

We're hiring a contractor to take off the existing roof, repair/replace any rotted sheathing and rafters, and install a new roof. We've also asked that they add a new plumbing vent stack for a new ...
0
votes
1answer
241 views

Preparing a deck & playset for re-staining

The question asked here is pretty much similar to mine except that there are few splinters and chipped wood on the deck. How to smooth those out? Also there is a kid's play structure (with steps and a ...
4
votes
1answer
314 views

How do I fix a vinyl covering that is coming away from the outside deck support beam?

I live in a townhouse with a deck over the garage. I noticed that under the deck, along the board that is on the outer edge, some of the vinyl covering is popping out of place and hanging down a ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I properly paint a wood floor made of plywood?

I have built a yurt platform, which is basically a deck with 1 1/8" tongue-and-groove plywood as the decking. Usually that stuff is used as a subfloor, but in this case it's the floor itself. Call it ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Attaching a pergola (or deck) to vinyl siding

Building a structure which is attached to a house usually involves a plate which is bolted to the existing building, typically a 2x8, or 2x10. I understand how to structurally attach this, my concern ...
4
votes
3answers
14k views

Applied stain to deck and still not dry after a week, what can I do?

I decided to restain my deck last week since it was looking pretty worn after a New England winter. The deck is only 1 year old since we bought new construction. I contacted the builder and purchased ...
5
votes
5answers
18k views

How do I make a deck glossy?

I went to Home Depot and Sherwin Williams and I was unable to find a deck stain that looked like the shiny blondish color of the following image: At Sherwin Williams they said that their stains ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

My deck dies in a funny pattern — does that mean this board is upside-down?

My deck looks like this after it rains. One board and parts of others are damp for a long time after everything else has dried. What could cause this and is it hard to fix? My only guess is ...
6
votes
1answer
8k views

what is the best way to restore teak outdoor furniture?

What is the best way to restore outdoor teak furniture to the original or better looking color? Teak is so beautiful when it has not been weathered. But after a few years in the rain and sun, it ...
13
votes
1answer
9k views

Which is better for deck flooring: 2x6 or 1x6 deck boards?

My current deck flooring is done with 2x6x10' boards, however they have degraded to the point now where they need to be replaced. I'm wondering if there are any specific pros or cons for using the ...
1
vote
1answer
939 views

How close to plumb to deck posts need to be?

I'm building a deck as the floor of a 30' yurt. Construction is 4" x 6" joists on 4" x 4" posts, on pre-cast concrete pier blocks, on tamped gravel footings. Posts are 20" - 30" long. Lumber is ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

How should I finish and protect outdoor wooden steps?

My house has a wooden staircase leading up to the front door. It gets a lot of traffic and is uncovered, so its exposed to New England winters. This means snow, ice, ice-melt, sand, shoveling, etc.. ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I install concrete blocks to support deck stairs?

I just had a deck constructed and it failed inspection, partly because of missing concrete blocks where the steps meet the ground (see also my related question Deck handrail bracket). How would I go ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Deck handrail bracket

I just had a deck built and it failed inspection, partly because of the lack of a graspbable handrail (see also my related question Concrete blocks supporting deck stairs) . The current rail is a ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the proper steps for staining a deck?

My deck just past its 10-year mark and is starting to look quite tired. It's time to restain it. What steps do I need to take to make sure I do everything right, from start to finish?
1
vote
1answer
295 views

Outside Ceiling Fan Problems: Light But No Fan

Over the course of the winter, the ceiling fan on my screened-in deck stopped working. The attached light still functions properly, so it is definitely getting electricity, but the fan will not ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

What is the strongest way to join a deck joist to a corner joint?

I'm working on designing the support frame for a deck for my backyard. The basic shape of the deck: It's essentially a square with one corner chopped off. The red line is the joist in question, ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How high should I make my yurt platform?

I am building the floor/platform for a 30' yurt. It's basically a deck. 30' diameter circle pre-cast concrete pier blocks 4" x 6" pressure treated joists, 4' o.c. 1 1/8" tongue-and-groove plywood ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I build a deck that is easy to take apart?

I spent the day taking apart the platform for a yurt. It was a real pain, and I want to make it easier to take apart next time. Old deck construction details: Decking was 1 1/8" tongue-and-groove ...
3
votes
3answers
704 views

Should I shovel snow off my vinyl deck?

Will there be damage if I don't shovel the snow off (due to snow thaw/freeze/thaw)? Is it safe to use a metal shovel on vinyl decking? Is it ok to allow the stuff to melt naturally if I don't plan to ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

How do I treat / maintain IKEA Platta wood patio tiles?

Over a year ago we put a good sized set of IKEA Platta deck tiles on our patio. After exposure to the elements, they are now dis-coloring and becoming a bit 'rough'. What exactly do I need to do to ...
5
votes
2answers
310 views

What maintenance does a cedar deck require?

We just moved into a house with a very nice 16'x16' cedar screened porch. The problem is I've never had a cedar deck and am not sure what maintenance to expect or how often to do it.
6
votes
2answers
8k views

What are the best practices for a low deck built half on a concrete slab?

In our current place, we moved the main access door from going into the kitchen, to entering an old laundry room converted to a mud room. In order to do so, the front door was moved over about 4', ...
2
votes
5answers
8k views

How do I attach a ledger board if I have no interior access?

I would like to build a small, 24" high deck, for a new entry door to the house. I have the deck plans all laid out, and am in need of a 2x10 ledger board under the door to attach the deck to. Most ...