For questions generally relating to outdoor, semi-elevated, non-enclosed structures such as decks, gazebos, pergolas, etc.

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26 views

North Carolina Code question for splicing 6x6 posts

I have a 48 X 10 second floor deck with 6X6 posts. I want to add a roof above about half of it. It is not feasible to replace the 6X6's with longer ones as I would basically end up replacing the ...
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40 views

How to repair a deck?

We need to repair the underside of our deck that appears to be breaking apart. Does anyone have any ideas on how to repair this? What materials should we use for repair? Thank you :-)
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1answer
15 views

Deck joists and ledger gap

Sorry if my terminology is bad, I tried to pick up some of the terms and do some research in the ICC before posing the question here. I've got a contractor replacing a deck for me and I noticed that ...
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2answers
90 views

Ground level deck - how to attach bearers to concrete

I'm building a free-standing deck that is at ground level on one side, and the ground slopes away to about 60cm on the other. My question is, what's the best approach for the bearers at the point ...
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2answers
36 views

Understanding deck spans for beams.

I've been looking at various span charts for decks and I'm still not quite sure how to calculate it all when you take into account not just the joists, but the beams and posts as well. What we ...
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2answers
282 views

Beefing up deck joists: Decrease spacing or increase joist width?

I'm looking for an expert opinion from builders that have been there done that: I am laying out a 5' x 90' deck that is 40" above the ground. I'd like to meet 100 psf live + 10 psf dead load. This ...
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2answers
53 views

Is deck joist sistering a sloppy repair?

I have a few bad deck joists that I replaced with new PT joists. These repairs are great. Now I have a few more not too bad joists that will be rotted in a few years. I am thinking to add new PT ...
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1answer
37 views

2x6 deck joists: salvageable or need replacing?

We have a roughly 10x30 elevated wood deck off the pack of our house. The joists are all 2x6 16oc. The posts are 4x4 and are holding up a beam that the joists hang off of with joist hangers. I feel ...
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22 views

Deck Ledger with Manufactured Wood Joists

My house came with a second story deck added by the previous owner. The ledger is attached directly over the stucco and is attached to a 1/2 in plywood band board with deck screws. The band board ...
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1answer
58 views

Under Deck Ceiling Using Barn Steel Roofing Panels

I priced underdeck ceilings at $12/sq ft installed. That is just way more than I am willing to pay, and I am just not that fussy, so I am going to do my own under deck ceiling using barn steel ...
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0answers
22 views

Cracks on Decking

I just moved into a first-floor apartment with a small wood deck in the front, and just last week I applied two layers of teak oil coating. Before that, I cleaned and brushed it with a special wood ...
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1answer
43 views

How do I prepare this cracked deck wood surface for staining? (Picture)

My deck is about 15 years old. I believe the previous owner stained it only once, when it was built. I've pressure washed it, and now am getting it ready for re-staining. However, a lot of planks have ...
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2answers
111 views

Do I need to screw down both sides of a composite deck board at each joist?

I'm going to be using 6" composite deck boards to redo our front porch. I'm going to use a hidden screw system where you screw it down diagonally along the edge. The typical screw pattern looks like ...
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1answer
190 views

Hurricane ties installed using joist hanger nails top AND bottom. Should I yank them out?

I'm using double sided hurricane ties to secure my joists to my beams for a deck I am building. The tie looks like below: I had been using 1.5" joist hanger nails for the 6 holes at the top that ...
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1answer
106 views

Freestanding deck - should I use joist hangers or bugle screws to attach joists to the bearers?

I'm planning a freestanding deck in the back yard, and I noticed that in this video they suggested that you could use bugle screws instead of joist hangers. Since I don't have a ledger board at either ...
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3answers
170 views

What is the right way to mount a support column to a deck and to a header?

Situation: I have an existing deck with a roof overhang. I'm in the process of planning a rebuild and need to detail how the columns will A: attach to the existing roof and B: to the deck. I can find ...
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1answer
82 views

How to seal seams between wooden deck rails?

A contractor apparently did not a good job on rebuilding my deck and after a couple of months caulking in between wooden moving deck railings doesn't provide any sealing from water dripping into the ...
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0answers
18 views

how to fix exposed deck in poor weather

We hired probably the wrong contractor to reseal our deck. Part of the deck is sheltered from above, but there is a walkway (pictured) which is not. The contractor tried to apply some waterproofing ...
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1answer
57 views

can a 2x4 withstand 200lbs out pressure on the 1.5" side? [closed]

I need to know if I cut a 2x4 at 42", which will be down the side of a 2x8 by 7 inches, carriage bolted at 2" and 5" below the surface of the deck, bolted through a 2x8 (1.5" thick), that will extend ...
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0answers
26 views

Solid wood beam size for deck 12' span post to post.

What size solid wood beam do I need for a deck that spans less than 7' from the house to the beam. The beam would have a span less than 12' from post to post.
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4answers
98 views

How to install 2x10 joists of slightly different sizes?

We are trying to install the joist hangers and the joists, but the 2x10s are slightly different sizes. The problem is that some of the boards are 9.25" and some are 9.5" and some in between. So if all ...
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0answers
54 views

What kind of trim should go under a deck patio door?

So an inspection on my brother's house revealed that it has been missing any kind of trim under the patio door that goes out to the deck -- possibly since it was built (he says he just never noticed ...
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44 views

If I'm attaching a freestanding deck to cement landing, is it ok to have it sloped and not perfectly level?

When I took the original measurements of the step height, I didn't take into consideration the sloping cement landing areas off the last step. So my deck height, plus the 1" decking board is about ...
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0answers
79 views

Building an 18' x 8 foot free standing deck with pergola

My plan is to build an 18 x 8 foot free standing deck at the front entrance to my home. Then add a pergola over the entire deck. My area is sandy soil. No underground utilities in the area I want to ...
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1answer
96 views

deck railings: alternatives to 4x4 posts?

I'm working on a deck with a lot of level changes. Using 4x4 posts for the railing is undesirable because it'll look rather clunky. I am wondering if there are any examples someone can point me to ...
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0answers
47 views

Code for footings for a above ground deck

We are having a 12x16 deck built. It is free standing and about 4 and 1/2 feet above the ground and contractor put 6 footings using sona tubes but only for a 10x16. We explained that the contract ...
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0answers
26 views

Tacky paint on deck

I power washed my deck , waited 3 or 4 days . Put dry lock primer on , waited another 3 or 4 days . Put first coat of exterior paint on . 5 days later paint is still tacky . What is my problem ? PS I ...
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0answers
47 views

How do I replace 2x4 outdoor decking with 1x4 hardwood decking?

I have a small entry area deck outside my front door, roughly 70 sqft. The deck is currently made of 2x4's and a few 2x6's screwed into ~16" on center floor joists. I replaced the front door and ...
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0answers
48 views

Completely waterproof top of deck/shed (would TigerPaw work?)

I have a deck at my front door. I have made it so that below the deck is a shed. I am having trouble water proofing the top of the deck. I have seen many things on the internet to have something under ...
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1answer
127 views

What size posts for elevated Kids play house?

I'm building an elevated kid's play house. The raised platform will be 6' - 8' off the ground. The platform will be 8' x 10', the house will take up half of the platform and maybe less. I'm planning ...
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2answers
525 views

Adding rebar to deck footings and piers?

I've heard a few people mention adding rebar to deck footings and piers to make them stronger, but I haven't been able to find any details on how exactly to do this. Is it sufficient to just hammer ...
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3answers
721 views

How will concrete fill in?

So I am pouring some footings for a deck I am building and my current plan is to dig a hole that is 18" wide and 18" deep. I'm then going to suspend a sonotube about 6 inches above the bottom (using ...
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0answers
41 views

the deck is over the patio

2 storys. large deck wraps around front of the house at the upper level. underneath is conrete patio of the lower level. this great in the summer, the deck shades the patio and i great. however, in ...
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2answers
107 views

Should I use a stripper or sander to remove paint on my deck?

I have a deck that's maybe 10 years old and the previous owners used paint instead of stain. I want to remove the paint and I already started with the Behr Premium Stain and Finish Remover, but it's ...
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1answer
82 views

Attaching a deck ledger to the concrete pad of a detached garage

I am building a deck between my house and the garage. I will support the deck on one side with a ledger on the house and plan to support the other side with a ledger on the garage (with requisite ...
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0answers
31 views

What type of light deck stain would be durable in a New England climate?

The house I bought last year came with a deck around the above ground pool, but it was never maintained. It's about 11 years old now and starting to show signs of cracking and cupping. It hasn't ...
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0answers
49 views

Decking boards with grooves on both sides

I'm planning a deck build in the UK. The 3 biggest DIY retailers here all seem to sell decking boards which are grooved on both sides. There's a lot of mixed advice from the videos/instructions I've ...
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0answers
20 views

Restaining a deck after scraping, prime with oil base?

We have scraped and washed our large older pressure treated deck which had originally had an oil based semi transparent stain, but now has a latex solid stain. We have always followed our paint stores ...
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0answers
37 views

How do I properly prepare a deck for repainting?

The deck at my house is peeling (and showing at least one previous paint job before the last) and I want to repaint it. I was wondering the proper technique to prep the deck for the paint. I know from ...
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2answers
139 views

Free-standing deck joist layout

I'm trying to plan out a free-standing deck in an irregular-shaped garden. It currently has railway sleepers marking a garden bed around the west, north and east edges and the missus would like to ...
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2answers
160 views

After staining a deck how long until rain is no longer a concern?

I want to stain my deck with an oil based stain it is to be hot and sunny all day today 85 for a high and has been dry for last 3 days tomorrow's forecast say 70% chance of rain should I do this or ...
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1answer
130 views

Should there be waterproofing between the rim joist and ledger on new construction?

My new house is being built with a deck and I noticed that the framer has fastened the ledger directly to the rim joist without any sort of waterproofing between. The sheathing which is Zip system ...
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1answer
95 views

Does a contract to build a deck need an occupancy clause?

I am replacing an exterior deck. I've had several contractors out to give quotes, accepted an estimate from one, and am now in the position of signing (or not) a contract for the work. It's a lump sum ...
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0answers
295 views

Deck diagonal bracing alternatives

The IRC prescriptive deck guide calls for decks taller than 6' to have diagonal bracing placed parallel (planar) to the beam from post to beam. My deck, which is built with a beam on one side and a ...
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1answer
76 views

How can I fix composite deck railing that wasn't installed with brackets?

Had a contractor install a composite railing on my deck and he did not use brackets to secure the railings he just screwed it to the posts. This was 3 years ago, it looked great at first but, over the ...
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0answers
41 views

Stain a half stained deck

I now own a deck where the previous owner (for some reason) stained half of it a year or two ago (they did mostly the inside). I'm lucky to have the same product that was previously used. If I stain ...
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1answer
265 views

How to fix sagging composite deck railing

I have a composite deck (Fiberon boards with a Trex Designer railing system). The guy that built the deck didn't install any of the crush/foot blocks and now the railings are sagging. He's no longer ...
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4answers
479 views

Rebuilding an exterior deck is it better to use screws or nails?

I have a deck that is old and falling apart so it is time to replace it. To replace the deck boards I plan to remove existing, measure boards, cut new board and put the same size and board back into ...
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0answers
58 views

How can I replace this roof deck

So my friend has a 20 x 20 roof deck that is laid on top of a concrete roof. The rood is pitched an there is drainage at the corner. The current deck is about 8 years old and is curling, splitting and ...
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0answers
40 views

deck post design

I am DIY building a deck and have a question about how to create the deck posts. I have dug holes 4 feet deep to compensate for the local frostline and plan to place a few inches of gravel at the ...