Concrete is composed of cement, aggregate (including crushed rock and sand) and water. In homes, it's frequently seen in the foundation, driveway, sidewalk, patio, and stone walls. Note that bricks use mortar in the joints, not concrete.

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What is the minimum thickness a new top layer of concrete should be when poured over an existing walkway?

Parts of our concrete walkway have sunk down over the years, and we want to add a layer of new concrete over it to raise it ~ some areas will be as much as 3" and other areas only 1". What is the ...
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What product should I use to adhere pavers to an old concrete sidewalk?

We want to 'dress' up an old concrete sidewalk with pavers, but don't know if we should adhere them with mortar or some type of adhesive material. Which method would be the most durable in the long ...
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45 views

Should I move this support post in my basement?

I am trying to create a new bedroom in the basement. The first problem I hit is that there is this short concrete "wall" with a post coming out of it. Actually, the post is 3 2x4's joined together. ...
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32 views

Should I stain or paint my blotchy concrete?

The house I just moved into has a lot of white spots all over the concrete. I want to stain the whole slab to get it looking fresh and nice. I had a couple contractors come out to help me resolve the ...
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33 views

What type of concrete foundation do you pour for sand?

I have a piece of beach front land that is sand (sometimes wet), what kind of foundation do you pour for a home constructed on sand? What kind of considerations do you take in if its water front and ...
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46 views

Can I rest cement posts directly on the bedrock to build a structure for a large shed?

So I live in Canada, where winters are cold, and where there's not much soil above the bedrock. I would like to build a sturdy structure for an existing "shed" (in fact a 100-year old former stable or ...
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53 views

Is it possible to create a 4“x4” channel through concrete using acid?

I'm trying to figure out a possible way to eat through concrete without damage pex tubing inside (its a radiant heated slab). Is there any way using some type of acid (hydrofluoric, muriatic ) to eat ...
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25 views

Confused on ratios for Concrete mix to pour a 10X20X6 patio pad

I am pouring a 10X20X6 patio pad. It has been 15 years since I mixed a mass amount of concrete and the cement that I got is a little vague on the instructions. What is the ratio for ...
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How can I fix gaps at the bottom of concrete stairs?

How can I fix or skirt my concrete outdoor stairs? They are bolted on to the side of my house, and are left hanging with gaps all around at the the bottom. They are very sturdy and I don't really want ...
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43 views

Concrete porches pulling away from home and cracking

I have an 1940'sish home with old concrete porches (x3) they are cracking, chipping, and pulling away from the home. Would I be able to repair them? If not could I build a deck over them (wooden)? I ...
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How to install bathtub

I want to install a tub on basement bath where drain pipes are already installed and sticking out from concrete floor. I need to know how to raise the level of the tub from the floor in order to have ...
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How to attach a monkey-bar/playground structure to the ground in my backyard?

I would like to build a monkey-bar/playground structure in my backyard. It's not your standard monkeybars, but I made a 3D visualization at staktrace.com/pub/structure.html if that helps. I'm planning ...
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Can I pin 1/4" wonderboard backerboard to the whole concrete blocks wall in bathroom?

The bathroom is in the condo, high-rising concrete building. The two side walls are diamond wire mesh with applied above the cement (grey) and lime (plaster) layers , total depth 3/4". The frontal ...
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35 views

Deck Footing capacity with BigFoot base

I'm planning a new deck (completely replacing and enlarging an existing deck). The deck will be 25'x15' w/25 ft being attached to the house. I'm trying to determine what footings are required. ...
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47 views

A-Frame for a hoist?

I need to move a heavy-ish piece of concrete, a part of a garden sculpture, weighing about 300lbs, to about chest height. I'd like a hoist, but don't know the equipment I'd need to assemble an ...
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Replacing Kool decking

I want to replace my cracked and bumpy Kool deck. What do I need to do to take it completely off my pool deck?
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31 views

Insulating the concrete columns

we are building a house with bricks and it has columns every 3 meters. Wall is going to be insulated with foam blocks and I am trying to figure out how to insulate the columns. Will putting a 2 - 3 mm ...
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27 views

How to stop water seaping inbetween concrete slabs

I have two slabs in a Home Office converted from a garage. The regular garage slab and another which is about 6 inch higher than the garage one. The lower one has a wall between the two except for a ...
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How to put up a very small barrier on concrete to stop water running past it

I have a a concrete driveway that leads to the garage with a very slight slope towards the garage. When it really rains hard, the water comes down into the garage. I don't want a very high barrier, ...
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concrete drive heaves where it meets garage floor

This past winter, my concrete driveway heaved 1.5" above where it meets the garage floor. It is three years old. Also, we dug along the sides of the drive to try to guage if a 4" slab was actually ...
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101 views

how can I check to see if a 4" slab of concrete was actually poured?

I had a driveway poured three years ago. After a crack in the walkway appeared and two more developed in the driveway itself, my husband began to get suspicious that I wasn't given a 4" slab. If we ...
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63 views

How tall can I go above ground with a concrete footing?

I am building a 20' x 20' foot deck with a 10' x 12' Pavilion in one corner, away from the house.I need the concrete footings for the pavilion to be flush or just above the surface of the deck. There ...
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140 views

What is this crystal on my concrete?

My concrete has an old unknown spill which appears in the newly warm moist weather to be forming crystals or hairs. It doesn't have direct water on it, and hasn't been damp recently. What is the ...
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How do I shim a steel structure?

I need to affix my steel stringers to a concrete beam. Since the beam was poorly executed, it is not plumb. On this piece I will weld some 5 mm thick plate on the backing, that will have holes for ...
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Do I need a header for an egress window?

I am in the process of finishing a bedroom in my basement. I need to add a window to the room and the selected wall is poured concrete. I need to know if I have to add a header above the window in the ...
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Damp slab in my living room

I live in FL and have a damp area on my slab in my living room in front of my front bay window which does not have a gutter. As a result I have a musty smell in my house. I bought some UGL DRYLOK ...
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How can I remove 6-8 inches of concrete from a wooden floor?

I have inherited a 143 year old building. Somewhere in the past someone poured 6 to 8 inches of concrete over top the wood bathroom floor. I really want the weight out of the building. Any ideas on ...
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50 views

Concrete caulk vs expanding polyurethane crack sealant

I'm starting to finish my basement. First step is sealing up some various places water has come in over the years. I've already fixed grading outside, but also want to seal inside. I have one crack ...
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72 views

Help! enclosed porch/sunroom foundation

We just purchased a home and now that the snow level is not 4 feet high ( we live in central NY ) we see that the concrete patio/foundation has horizontal cracks, and crumbling along the side, corner ...
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36 views

What should I do with a large gap in a concrete floor

The grout in the tile has cracked or separated all the way across the house from one side to the other. I figured it was normal due to settling. In the kitchen it has become really bad, to the point ...
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648 views

Can I mix latex paint into concrete

would like to color concrete mix can I use outdoor latex paint to mix in with the concrete?
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Making an existing concrete step taller

I have a step down out the back door of my house and the first step down is way too far, about nine and a half inches. ...
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55 views

Are there any penetrating sealers for concrete countertops that will darken the color?

I am in the process of grinding and polishing a pour-in-place concrete countertop. When I am done, I want to seal with a penetrating sealer. I don't want a surface epoxy or wax sealer. I like the ...
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69 views

Repainting my lanai floor

I'm painting my lanai floor and it has been painted last year but changing the color. Did one area and let it dry 24hr. and I can scratch it off/ I used the paint Home Depot sold me for concrete. What ...
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What's the proper way to address a moisture issue in a concrete slab?

About 4 years ago my wife & I purchased a home. It was approximately 10 years old at that time. The foundation is a concrete slab. Approximately 2-3 years before we purchased the house, the ...
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91 views

What can I do about this deteriorating staircase?

The side entrance stairs to my home are deteriorating. They appear to be several different patches, coats and possibly capped concrete. I have a temporary fix lined up to make it safe for travel. My ...
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204 views

How should I extend a concrete patio under an existing deck?

I have a 18x20 second floor deck with three 6x6 support posts. Under the deck is a 40-year-old, well-settled, 12x20x6" concrete patio. The deck posts are set outside of the patio, set on footings ...
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191 views

How to fake this concrete effect with paint?

I'm attempting to imitate this concrete wall (at least I think it's real concrete!), using acrylic paint. For my initial attempt I was thinking of working with two grays (one slightly lighter) - ...
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What should I do with tree root upheaval in front of my drive way?

I have noticed an issue in front of my drive way. On the left side of my house, one of concrete slabs has been lifted by tree roots. The problem seems to get worse as time goes on. I am living in a ...
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44 views

How can I close off a toilet drain in a concrete floor

I want to remove the toilet and turn the bathroom into a laundry room. How can I close off the drain?
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109 views

What type of subfloor should be used for Engineered hardwood flooring installed on grade concrete slab?

I would like to install engineered hardwood flooring over a concrete slab which is on grade. It is the first floor of the house, there is no basement and the house was built in the 1990's. I have seen ...
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How can I stop a porch crack from causing internal cracking?

My front porch slab has cracked and part is at least an inch lower. It is supporting the roof. Now there is a crack going up the inside of my drywall at the same place. Suggestions on how to solve ...
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concrete stain protection

I want to make a shelf (floor standing) out of concrete, to surround our sofa, so that we can put cups/win glasses on it, and a wine rack underneath. I have done some experiments with the concrete, ...
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44 views

Remove paint from concrete floor (indoors)

I'm trying to find a solution to prep my concrete floors (slab) for tile. A contractor I had hired to remodel my home did an outstanding painting job -- so well that he managed to cover most of my ...
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1answer
137 views

What is recommended method to fix sunken garage floor slab?

I have an attached one car garage where the floor slab seems to have sunken in one corner by about an inch and a half and varies lesser amounts in other areas. The slabs continues behind the garage ...
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1answer
58 views

Where to seam concrete countertop?

I'm looking to do a concrete countertop and would like some advice on where to make the seams.I was thinking either where the red or the yellow lines are. Thanks, greg
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How can I figure out how much load a concretet slab can take?

I have a sun room that has existed for around 12 years. It is on a concrete slab, with two retaining walls and a 2x4 wall structure for holding screens. I want to convert it to a enclosed room with ...
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36 views

When to use concrete plasticizer

When should one use a concrete plasticizer? Should it be used for internal floor slab?
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What can I do about my deteriorating basement floor with a large hole that seems to go right through to clay?

We live in 90 year old house with an unfinished basement. I've been working on removing a lot of the crap that the previous owner did, and removing a lot of concrete debris. Then I ran into this ...
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How can I remedy moisture intrusion from my concrete slab?

We bought a house a little over a year ago. The old carport had been converted into a den. It had musty, dirty carpet, so we ripped it out. A big problem we ran into is that we live in west Tennessee ...