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Anyone ever put a sprinkler on your roof to help out your A/C on unusually hot days? Just wondering if it helps.

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I know your question is about watering the roof, but for a more long term solution would a layer of solar panels help shade your roof? The panels could also help power your AC. – user13712 Jun 27 '13 at 22:45
    
Where's your A/C unit located? – Bryce Jun 19 '14 at 20:44
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I'm still gathering data, but there is some evidence that my solar panels do indeed shade the roof, with the gap between them and the shingles acting as a convection chimney to carry away the heat they absorb. (Just hit first year after install. $1200 returned so far counting saved energy and SREC sales. Need to recalculate breakeven date now that I have data to work with.) – keshlam Jun 19 '14 at 20:51

11 Answers 11

up vote 26 down vote accepted

I think you will just waste a lot of water compared to the cooling effect that you get.

A better way to cool the roof is to change its color. A roof with a clean, smooth bright white surface can reflect about 85% of incident sunlight and emit thermal radiation with 90% efficiency. This surface will be only 9°F warmer than the outside air on a typical summer afternoon. For comparison, the surface of a standard gray roof that reflects only about 20% of incident sunlight will be 69°F warmer than the outside air. See http://coolcolors.lbl.gov/.

Some buildings in California are now required to have light-colored roofs in order to reduce energy consumption for cooling.

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I could see the light color roof reducing the temperature of the roof and so then some of the heat soaking into the living areas, reducing the AC from running as often. I'd imagine the AC unit is still going to be boiling hot as the metal will still be happily absorbing all that heat and so its cooling efficiency will still remain poor. – ManiacZX Aug 1 '10 at 19:30
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@ManiacZX, it's easy to provide shade for the air conditioner (which is probably located beside the house anyway). – Vebjorn Ljosa Aug 2 '10 at 11:14
    
agreed, my brain injected that it was a roof mounted unit he was trying to cool, not reduce the house temperature, while reading his question (see comment under my answer). – ManiacZX Aug 2 '10 at 12:33
    
The effort and cost of the two just don't compare. Going up a ladder with a sprinkler and a hose, and running the water for a day vs replacing your whole roof to make it a differerent colour? The latter may be more effective but not an option for most people. – Kate Gregory Sep 5 '11 at 13:52

I live in south texas, last week we had a terrible heat wave, temperatures outside where in the 110F-115F range, I installed a wireless thermometer on the attic and it read 130F on the hottest days. Ac would not cut off when set at 77. Went to home depot, got a set of 3 sprinklers that you can connect in series, I had an extra 24v solenoid water valve around and connected it to the roof sprinklers, I had to make a timer that would turn the sprinklers on for 10sec every 3 min (im an industrial engineer so making one was no trouble) and wallaa! Temperature read 98F on the attic when just a few days ago it was 130F with an outside temperature of 110F. BIG HUGE difference and guess what, my ac is cycling on/off finally on the hottest days! Im now running the system only at the peak sun hours of the day, I have no water run-off cause it all evaporates.

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a pic and diagram of todays temperatures and results bit.ly/kPpTVj .BTW im using well water which is plenty available with only a sediment filter. – Jorge Jun 5 '11 at 21:59
    
Rain barrels would be another free water source for those without a well. – Mark Stewart Jun 16 at 23:48

Seems like it would be a bit wasteful and not that efficient.

I'd imagine being on the roof, ambient temperature is much less of an issue then the constant sun exposure just baking the unit. Like when I get in the car here in TX sometimes, ambient temperature is in the 90s but the car baking in the sun says its 110+. If it were parked in the shade, it would read the normal temperature.

So I would think focusing on blocking as much sun as possible would be the best solution.

I'm picturing some sort of open sided mini roof structure, almost like a little car port over the unit or a well ventilated little shack built up around it.

These are just random crazy ideas of my own though, never heard of this issue nor a solution for it.

EDIT
This is under the assumption the AC unit is what you are trying to cool, if it is the temperature of the roof you are wanting to reduce, I'd encourage considering @Vebjorn Ljosa's and @Jeff Widmer's answers over a water cooling solution.

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I don't think the OP said that his outside unit was on his roof -- I got the impression he was just wondering if cooling the roof itself would be helpful. That said, wherever the outside unit is, creating some shade for it it is an interesting idea that makes sense. – Mike Powell Aug 2 '10 at 7:06
    
@Mike Powell, you are right, I guess it doesn't say that, I guess my mind just made the leap that he wanted to basically water cool the unit. I thought having the unit up there was unusual unless we were talking about a commercial or multi-tennat building, but different areas do things differently too. If the unit isn't up there, then I say no way to the sprinkler doing anything and support @Vebjorn regarding roof color, also check on insulation, keep the hot air out and the cool air in. – ManiacZX Aug 2 '10 at 7:58

Plant an oak tree, wait 10-20 years, shade created, problem solved!

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If this is for a building with windows that open, I'd think instead about sprinklers/lawn/misters at ground level - my house has no A/C but we get a reasonable north-south breeze, and if I turn on the sprinklers on the north side of the house and open the windows, there's a noticable cooling effect.

In high desert country, it's not unusual for restaurants with outdoor seating to install mist delivery systems to cool the outdoor areas during the hot parts of the day.

Ultimately, the value of evaporative cooling is going to depend a lot on the relative humidity in your location - where the air is dry, evaporative cooling works nicely. If you are in a humid location, there's already plenty of moisture in the air, so you're not going to get much evaporation, and correspondingly not much cooling.

I have heard of people using roof-mounted sprinklers as a last line of defense in high fire danger areas - not sure how well it really works.

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Misting systems are pretty much useless where I live. Humidity is just way too high for them to be effective. Need better location info from the OP. – Brian Knoblauch Jun 6 '11 at 18:49

Related to @Vebjorn Ljosa's answer, you could also install solar panels on your roof. Check out an organization called One Block Off the Grid (http://1bog.org/) if you are interested in putting solar panels on your own roof. 1Bog will help with getting a local contractor and depending on the state you live in, you could end up selling your energy credits back to other businesses for extra money.

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Good idea, instead of reflecting the energy away, use it! – ManiacZX Aug 2 '10 at 8:36
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Why would they need my name, address, email, phone #, etc. in order to recommend a solar installer? Geeze. All they should ask for is my zipcode. I hate web sites like that. – Michael Sep 1 '11 at 22:51

The question was will it cool the house, and yes it will. As for efficiency, cost, etc.... I live on a lake and use a pump.

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Gotta love armchair quarterbacks. I live in the Caribbean. Houses are constructed of concrete block with stucco/parging covering the block. Roofs are usually terracotta tile or concrete tiles. Very few dwellings have an attic space to separate the exterior roof from the interior roof and insulation is a word that hasn't yet been defined here. Concrete stores solar heat all day and releases it very slowly at night when the outside temperature can be as much as 20 degrees cooler than the interior temp. On their own, temps inside don't start to fall off until 3am and the sun comes back 3.5 hours later. Not much of a respite. Light colored paint helps, but concrete is still concrete and hot concrete stays hot until something cools it off like a good soaking rain.

I've done exactly this. Hooked up a heavy duty impact sprinkler head on the center peak of the roof. Attached a garden hose and a water timer. Adjust sprinkler to end it's arc about three feet from the edge of the roof. Water is sprayed for 10 minutes every hour to thoroughly soak the roof. Excess water into the gutters and into a rain barrel that drip feeds the banana plants that just love lots of water.

Inside of the house is 10 to 15 degrees cooler than before I started spraying. Would have preferred to run the sprinkler every 30 minutes for 5 minutes but could not find a hose compatible timer with that degree of programming precision. I have found it best to keep the roof from getting hot in the first place rather than trying to cool it down after it's hot. Timer starts about 30 minutes after sunrise and shuts off for the night about 1 hour after sunset.

Whole system, costs less than $100.00. Makes a big difference. Water use is high but I'm on a well so I don't care. A $1000+ roof misting system might be more efficient at cooling the air above the roof and use less water, but humidity is often high here in the Caribbean so air cooling via evaporation may be hit and mist (pun intended). Water that is cooler than the roof cools the roof. It's that simple.

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I live in southern Louisiana. In 2014 on a hot summer day i have checked the temperature in the attic and was 130°. I then applied a continuous sprinkle on the roof and the temperature in the attic was maintained at 85° with a outside temperature of 98°. It works and my AC started working much less.

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It works for sure,especially on metal roofs. When continiously sprinkling a metal roof the roof works like a heat exchanger. You are carrying heat away faster than it comes :)

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I knew of one guy who tried a soaker hose on the roof. Since he turned it on only when the roof was hot, it took grains off the shingles, shortening the life of the roof.

I would want this kind of cooling for only a short burst of heat that overloads my air conditioner. We have maybe a two or three day burst of heat once a year that makes a boost necessary for the air conditioning. Otherwise it is fine. All of the expensive solutions (solar panels, paint the roof, plant big trees, etc) are a waste for this kind of situation.

What about spraying the vinyl siding on the side the sun hits with a mist?

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