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I opened the light switches and electrical outlets on the walls before the painting job and found in the metal casing boxes there were two bare copper wires attached on the same screw, they were laid across and touched each other. Will this cause fire? I presume they are ground wires but why do they need to touch? The house is 60 years old.enter image description here

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2 Answers 2

You have at least two non-metallic (NM) cables coming into that box. Each NM cable (and other types) must now have a ground wire. In the US, most of these cables have a bare copper ground wire. Sometimes you will see ground wires with green insulation, and occasionally on fixtures you will see a bare stranded wire with tinned (silver) coating.

At least one of those cables leads back to the main panel box which houses the main ground connection. The goal is to have every fixture and device (including any metal boxes) connected to ground. This is accomplished by attaching the all of the ground wires of the cables and devices at each downstream location together. This is totally correct.

These wires don't normally carry any current. Ground only would carry current if there were a failure of the other wires, and then it would serve as an emergency connection to carry the current literally to the ground rather than letting it shock a person or cause a fire. In most cases, this would trip a circuit breaker.

To be properly connected, most modern switches and fixtures should also have a ground wire. These might be bare or covered in green insulation. They also should be connected to the bare wires from the cable.

While attaching bare wires to screws is acceptable, it is generally not proper to put two wires under one screw. Usually several bare wires are connected with a wire nut or a push-in connector and an extra short wire (called a pigtail) is also bundled in. The pigtail's other end is then put under the screw of a device, switch, or box. An exception is when the wire is actually continuous, and the wire under the screw is really just a loop rather than two separate wires (which may be your case).

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This is from a 60 years old house in Vancouver, Canada. Thank you for your education, I feel better and ready to cover them up. Cheers. –  user23499 Aug 1 at 17:43
    
NM wires and the plastic box were installed long after the house was built. I now have them in my 150 year old house. Good luck with it. –  bib Aug 1 at 18:21

They are connected to keep continuity on the protective (AKA ground, earth, etc) part of the circuit. No, it won't cause fire.

(I don't know if it is typical where you are located, but in the UK, it is usual for the bare protective conductors to be covered with plastic sleeving, which is slipped over the exposed copper wire).

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The UK doesn't use white wires ( according to Wikipedia ). In the US where cables with those colors are common, I have never seen a sleeve added to the ground wire. –  Brad Gilbert Jul 31 at 18:14
    
Very true. The UK uses brown for live (hot), blue for neutral, and green / yellow for earth (ground) - assuming single phase supply. (Old colours were red for live, black for neutral, and green / yellow for earth). –  John Aug 4 at 22:12

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