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I have three switches in a box. One controls the light on the ceiling fan and one controls the ceiling fan. I cannot figure out what the third switch is used for.

I thought it might have controlled switched receptacles. However after testing all receptacles in the room with the mystery switch on and off, I saw no change in power being supplied to the receptacles. I used an receptacle tester that plugs into the receptacle. I tried both the top and bottom outlets in each receptacle.

Does anyone have thoughts as to what this switch could control? How can I identify what the switch is used for?

A picture of the switch box: switch box

UPDATE: As @Edwin guessed, this switch was previously used for two switched electrical receptacles. One of the switched outlets had been replaced since the house was built and the fin use to make the top outlet switched had not been removed. This caused the outlet to have power regardless of the switch position. I'm guessing this was done when the ceiling fan light was installed and the homeowner no longer wanted the switched outlets. I've replaced the receptacle and now the switch works--switching the top outlet on two receptacles. Mystery solved! Thanks go to everyone that had a suggestion and offered advice.

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There's one in every house. I think it's a requirement to have a switch that controls nothing. –  Tester101 May 22 at 12:42
    
What room is this in? Are there any porches, closets, etc. nearby? –  Tester101 May 22 at 12:42
    
@Tester101 - It's in the Family/Living room with a fireplace. There are no closets or porches near the switch. The fireplace is on the opposite side of the room. I can try to diagram the layout of that part of the house if it helps. –  firedfly May 22 at 14:10
    
@Tester101 - Is it possible that the wire is intended for a ceiling fan with a third function? i.e. if i had a certain type of ceiling fan, it would have the light, the fan and some mystery feature that would require another switch? I've never seen one like that, but wasn't sure if that was a possibility. The house was built in 1996 if that helps at all. –  firedfly May 22 at 14:13
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Is it a gas fireplace? Does the fireplace turn on when the switch is on? –  Tester101 May 22 at 14:19

2 Answers 2

up vote 3 down vote accepted

It's possible that the switch does power an outlet, but that the installer did not remove the fin that connects the top and bottom outlets. When the fin is removed, the top and bottom outlets are isolated from one another so that they can be independently powered. If the top and bottom outlets are wired with two wires of the same phase, you would not notice a problem with day to day use.

If you have a voltage tester, test to see if you have power to both the top and bottom terminals of the switch when the switch is in the off position. If you do, it's likely the installer just forgot to take a fin off one or more of the outlets.

There is probably a way to test for this without any tools, but I am stuck at the moment. Maybe someone else will have a suggestion.

If you have reason to believe that the installer forgot to remove one or more duplex receptacle fins, you have to get in the outlet boxes to fix the problem. Take off the covers to the outlets in the room. If you're lucky, there will be both red and black wires connected to the receptacle(s) with switched power. These are the receptacles where the fin should be removed.

If there is only black wires and no red wires, your next step is to find out how the installer connected the outlets to one another another. He could have used pigtails, using wire nuts to connect the "line" (wires coming into the outlet box) to the "load" (wires going to the next outlet). Or he could have daisy chained the outlets together, meaning both the the line and the load load is connected directly to the receptacle. If you find that the installer used pigtails, you can just look for the receptacles where both the top and bottom outlets are wired. This receptacle likely has your switched outlet. If they are daisy chained, you have your work cut out for you. I can't think of any other way than to start taking apart the outlets and testing the wires one by one.

If you find a receptacle that needs the fin removed, and there is a shared neutral, only take the hot fin off. If there is a neutral for both outlets, then take both fins off.

Safety note: Don't assume that all the wires in one box are of the same circuit. Test ALL the wires in the box before you go in there with your hands.

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It is also possible that the switch controls only half of one duplex receptacle. The only way to tell would be to check both top and bottom of every receptacle in the room. –  Speedy Petey May 22 at 19:15
    
@SpeedyPetey - I already checked the top and bottom of every receptacle in the room. All sockets had power regardless of the position of the switch –  firedfly May 22 at 22:13
    
@Edwin - I just tested with my multimeter and have power (~120V) to both the top and bottom terminals regardless of the switch's position. Is there any other reason for this behavior other than a receptacle fin not being removed? Would the best way to find the receptacle in question would be with a tone generator like Tester101 mentioned? –  firedfly May 22 at 22:18
    
@firedfly the only other thing that could cause it is a serious miswiring problem, which doesn't seem likely to me in a new Romex wiring situation. I don't think a tone generator will work in this situation, because it will just tell you where the wires are routed, which is not important. I will update the answer with a suggestion of how to find the outlet. –  Edwin May 22 at 22:51
    
@Edwin as you were writing that, I was already pulling the receptacles out (I'll be replacing them anyway). Two outlets have the red wire coming in as you predicted (and a red is connected to the switch). It looks like one of the receptacles was replaced since the house was built (it looks like a different style/model). That receptacle does not have the fin removed on either the hot or neutral sides. There is another red wire going from this receptacle to the next. This other receptacle does have the fin removed from the hot side only. –  firedfly May 22 at 23:39

Other than testing outlets, like you've done, the simplest way to determine what that switch connects to is to follow the wires. In 99% of cases, the wiring goes up into the ceiling, rarely does it go down into the floor; in some cases you'll see it go horizontal through the wall, but only if the destination is an outlet that is very close to the switch, such as an outlet directly below the switch. Assuming you have attic access, climb up above the switch. You'll see a 3 wire cable coming in from the breaker. You'll also see two 2-wire cables or a 3-wire with ground (4 wire) cable running to your ceiling fan. Once you've identified those, the cable for your odd switch should stand out like a sore thumb. Just follow it to where it goes.

My guess is that it's part of a 3-way for a hallway light. If that's the case, you'll see one of two things. 1: you'll have a single 3-wire cable that connects to another switch, or 2: you'll have two cables, one coming in from another switch, and the other connecting to your load (the light).

You might also hook up a multimeter to the switch and see if it even has power. It might have been for a fixture or device that was removed by the previous owner and they left a disconnected switch, rather than leave an empty spot in your gang box.

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I used a non-contact voltage tester and it indicates the switch has power. I can double check with a multimeter when i get home tonight. –  firedfly May 22 at 17:53

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