I recently purchased an older home and wanted to install GFCI outlets in the kitchen. When I opened up the outlet, there were four wires (two black and two white) in addition to the ground. I watched a few videos online about installing GFCI outlets, but they only gave guidance about doing it when there's one black, one white and the ground. Currently, the two-prong outlets have all four wires attached - the two black wrapped around screws on one side and the two white wrapped around screws on the other side. What do I do with these "extra" black and white wires on the GFCI outlets? Attach them somehow or tie them off?
Understand the circuit
A standard duplex receptacle functions as both a receptacle, and as a junction. It allows you to connect cord-and-plug devices to the circuit, while at the same time allowing other hardwired devices to be connected to the circuit. Ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) receptacles are similar, however, they offer ground-fault protection to all connected devices. To offer this protection, GFCI receptacles have two specific sides.
Line VS. Load
The Line side of a GFCI receptacle is where the feed line connects, to supply power to the device. The Load side of a GFCI receptacle is used to feed other devices, while offering them GFCI protection.
Find the line
Before you can figure out how to connect the device, you have to determine where the power is coming from, and where it's going to. To do this, you'll need a non-contact voltage detector, and a few twist-on wire connectors.
In this procedure, only one wire should make the meter light up. If more than one wire caused the meter to light, contact a local licensed Electrician.
Now that you've located the ungrounded (hot) Line conductor, you'll have to also locate the Line grounded (neutral) conductor. To do this, simply follow the wire you marked in the previous step back to where it enters the box. You should notice that the wire is grouped with one to two other wires. The wire you found to be hot should be black, and it should be grouped with a white, and possibly uninsulated or green wire. These wires make up the Line feeder.
Hook it up
GFCI protection to downstream devices
Once you restore the power to the circuit, all the devices downstream (on the Load side) from the GFCI receptacle will be GFCI protected. If this is not the desired outcome, please follow the steps below.
No GFCI protection to downstream device
WARNING: If you lack the tools, knowledge, and/or confidence to complete this task, please do not hesitate to contact a local licensed Electrician.
"INSTALLING MULTIPLE G.F.C.I. ON THE SAME FEED LINE"
However to install multiple gfci on the same feed wire it's necessary to wire the gfci's a little differently. You actually don't connect "any wire" to the load side of the 1st - 2nd - 3rd and so on to all the gfci on the same feed line. It's necessary to connect the green or hot to the same line (gold screw" and another "hot - green wire" to the same gold screw leading to the next gfci line (or hot) gold screw. Samething with neutral or (white wire) - one "white or neutral" wire leading to the line side of the outlet (silver screw) and a wlite or neutral wire off (the same silver screw leading to next gfci (line side of the next outlet(silver screw leading to the next gfci outlet. (NOTICE YOU DON'T CONNECT ANY WIRES TO THE LOAD SIDE OF THE 1ST - 2ND - 3RD AND SO FORTH TO ANY OF THE G.F.C.I.'s
It seems as though the wires are ment for a double outlet. here is a tutorial i found on youtube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YBCA4-XwXFg