# Does it mean a broken wire if a doorbell transformer works, but there is little-to-no voltage at the switch?

My family has just moved to an older home, and I've been tasked with repairing the doorbell(s).

We have two doorbells, both connected to the same (for lack of a better word) ding-dong-thing. `:)` I measured the voltage drop across the two screws on the transformer, and it read ~16V(AC) (+/- 0.5 VAC). So, I know the transformer is working.

When I measure the voltage drop across the terminals on the switches, the one on the back door reads ~3VAC, and the one on the front 0VAC.

So I conducted my preliminary Google search, and the results I found basically said to give up at this point and call an electrician, as there's probably a break in the wire somewhere.

However, this is a one-story house with primarily unfinished basement, so I think I probably stand a good chance at finding a break in the wire.

My question is twofold:

1. Is it correct to assume that the problem is a discontinuity in the wires somewhere?
2. How should I proceed to find a break in the wire?
-
0 VAC across the front switch could also be a problem with the switch being broken and causing a continuous short between its terminals. – Michael Karas May 21 '13 at 21:04
@MichaelKaras Good thought. After reading your comment, I took the doorbell switch off entirely and just checked the voltage across the wires; still 0 VAC. However, that did reveal another problem: The resistance across the switch (while in the "on" position) was >2000kOhms. This tells me the switch is broken, too. – apnorton May 21 '13 at 21:14
Does either switch have a light? If the switch has a light I would expect it to have a measurable voltage drop (3V doesn't sound unreasonable), but a simple switch would have a very low (if not 0) voltage drop. – Tester101 May 22 '13 at 11:32

# Switch Wire Continuity

Checking the continuity of the wires between the switch and the chime is easy, finding the break (if there is one) is hard. To check the continuity...

1. Turn the breaker that supplies the doorbell transformer off, and verify power is off with a non-contact voltage tester.
2. Disconnect the wires in the chime that go to one of the switches (don't forget how they were connected, mark them if you have to).
3. Twist the wires you just disconnected together.
4. Go to the doorbell button and remove it from the wall.
5. Using a multimeter in continuity mode (or the lowest resistance setting), touch the leads to the switch terminals.

If the wires are good, you'll hear an audible tone and/or get a reading close to 0. If there is a break in the wire, you'll get a reading of infinity. If the wires are broken, inspect them along the entire length for damage. If you can't find the break or can't access the wires, replacement might be easier.

# Switch Continuity

While you're checking continuity, it may be worth it to check the continuity of the switches themselves.

1. With the power to the transformer off, disconnect the switch from the circuit.
2. Measure the continuity in the default `OPEN` position.
3. Then press the button to close the switch, and take a reading in the `CLOSED` position.

When the switch is `OPEN`, you should get an infinite or very high reading. when the switch is `CLOSED`, you should get a low nearly 0 reading.

-