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I have been building for a long time, so I know where floor joists can be bored or notched without compromising their strength. Unfortunately, I have a client whose floor joists were hacked at by someone who didn't know the rules. Her floor joists were notched by someone installing electrical cabling IN THE MIDDLE OF THE SPAN ON THE BOTTOM OF THE JOIST!!!!!! I know that I can reinforce the existing joists by sistering new joists to them, but I'm curious - is there any reason a carefully installed and glued patch wouldn't do the same trick? It's been my experience that wood glue is stronger than the wood grain around the joint - at least as far as shear values are concerned. But the end-grain to end-grain connection is where I worry that the glue would not hold up under tension. Does anyone have an insight as to the efficacy of a patch?

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put a short sister on it and drill a proper hole for the wires. No brainer –  shirlock homes Dec 15 '12 at 20:33
    
Wait... Is your question "I know how to do it right, but how can I fix it the wrong way?"? –  Tester101 Dec 17 '12 at 13:34
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I think the question is obviously more like "I know one way to do it right, any advice on this other way?" And I got some very helpful responses. Your comment on the other hand is unproductive, and, frankly, insulting. –  Paul Dec 17 '12 at 15:11
    
@Paul If you know how to do it right, do it right. Shortcuts and hacks are not the way things should be done, especially by a professional. –  Tester101 Dec 18 '12 at 14:35
    
You continue to miss the point and continue to insult. This is getting annoying. Are you hazing me? –  Paul Dec 19 '12 at 0:42
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3 Answers

up vote 2 down vote accepted

Gluing a patch in place like as shown below will not add much to restoring the original strength of the joist.

enter image description here

If you were to attach a longer piece like shown in the second picture and glue this in place for the full length of the piece a whole lot more strength will be added to the joist.

enter image description here

Note that if the joist has started to sag down due to the inappropriately placed holes or notches you may want to try jacking the joist back into its original position before applying the glued on pieces.

The length of the piece that you would use is going to be dependent on an number of factors including the overall span if the joist and its top to bottom height. The material could be a variety of different things including 2x4, 2x2 or even strip of 3/4 inch plywood. You could also consider gluing on a strip on both sides of the joist. When gluing make sure to clamp the pieces to the side of the joist with good pressure to make sure the wood joints are tight.

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For an end grain glue joint to properly hold, the joint would have to be some sort of long scarf joint, just sawing it off and end gluing isn't enough, end-grain pulls out and yes, the glue is stronger than the end grain. You're not going to gain much with the extra work and it's probably not approved for use in this location.

Along with what @shirlockhomes says in his comment, slap some wood glue on your repair piece and sister it to the joist. The wood glue will be a stronger joint than the nails.

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some wood glue and a few screws to be sure. –  shirlock homes Dec 16 '12 at 10:44
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You want the Simpson Catalog. They make a variety of metal splices that are just what you need. And for the next guy who comes along here's a pocket guide to the proper way to cut a beam: NICEIC Beam Notching Guide. The American Wood Products Association has a similar guide.

Normally it's plumbers that do this nonsense, and Simpson has a brace just for that.

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