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I need to pull new wire from my furnace to my thermostat and was wondering if there would be any problems in using an Ethernet cable instead of standard thermostat wiring.

The reason being is I have left over cat6 cable and figured the wire should suffice in place of spending cash on a 4-wire thermostat cable.

fwiw: the run will be approximately 50'.

If the cat6 wiring will suffice, should I use both twisted wires as one? Or just a single wire from each twisted pair? i.e.,

Orange/OrangeWhite to 1 hvac connection or Orange to 1 hvac connection

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@MetroSmurf - You haven't stated where the run will be going, but if you're replacing an existing in-wall cable, you should make sure the cable is rated for this (Usually termed "Plenum-rated"). Most Ethernet cables (which belong on desks or in computers) aren't rated for in-wall installation with the requisite fire resistance and such. –  Kevin Vermeer Jan 13 '12 at 21:03
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@KevinVermeer - the Ethernet is plenum rated. –  Metro Smurf Jan 13 '12 at 21:52
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CAT6 Cable is #24 AWG, HVAC cable is #18 AWG. Check the amperage of the HVAC control system before doing this! –  Tester101 Jan 13 '12 at 22:54
    
Low voltage system. No line voltage. –  Metro Smurf Jan 13 '12 at 23:15
    
I'm no expert, but I'd agree with others that doing something non-standard is not a good idea. But one final note - in addition to the plenum vs non-plenum rating issue, Ethernet cable also comes in two-types: stranded and solid-core. Stranded is used for Ethernet cables from wall-to-PC. Solid-core is used for infrastructure: punchdown block to jack. –  wadesworld Jan 14 '12 at 18:08

3 Answers 3

up vote 7 down vote accepted

Ethernet cable should work fine since thermostats use low voltage and low current. For simplicity, it's probably easier to use each pair as if it were a single wire. That makes is easier to remember what is what at each end and clearer to anyone looking at it years later.

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I've seen 230 V AC used for thermostats. Would CAT 6 do fine even for that? –  AndrejaKo Jan 13 '12 at 18:56
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@AndrejaKo: You'd have to look up what the insulation rating for your wire is. Here in the US I think thermostats, like doorbells, have to use low voltage, although I'm not totally sure about the rules. I've never encountered a high voltage thermostat, but that doesn't mean they aren't out there. –  Olin Lathrop Jan 13 '12 at 19:34
    
Appreciate the confirmation. I'll give it a go and will mark the answer if everything works. –  Metro Smurf Jan 13 '12 at 19:46
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@Curd - That's true, but you only get that advantage if you're using differential signaling. AFAIK, all the signals in a thermostat are single-ended, so you don't get any benefits from it. –  Kevin Vermeer Jan 13 '12 at 21:00
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Out of curiosity, does anyone have a reference for the current draw by a typical furnace relay? Newer furnaces may have electronic controls, but those I've run into have control relays that the thermostat must hold closed when calling for heat, fan, or cooling. –  TomG Jan 14 '12 at 2:16

I wouldn't do it. The next poor sod (who may be you) trying to fix something (or perhaps changing the system!) is expecting to find properly colored #18 AWG wire.

Instead they'll find #24 wire in all these weird (to them) colors. You're saving yourself some money now, and making someone else's life difficult down the line.

And of course, if you or someone else later change to a system that requires the #18 wire, then it's got to be ripped out and re-run, which is another pain in the neck for someone.

I advise against doing non-standard things that are going to cause someone extra work in the future!

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The big question is if your thermostat/furnace is line voltage or low voltage (24V usuaully). If it is line voltage, then no, this might be outright dangerous and a fire hazard (ethernet is not rated for this type of voltage).

If it is low voltage, there is no reason why this wouldn't electrically work, at least in the short term. I would however worry about if the cat6 can stand up to the higher temperatures near your furnace, and whether the cable could itself be a fire hazard.

Ethernet can be quite fragile compared to bell wire (for example); it is of higher gauge and the insulation is not as robust.

The high-speed properties of ethernet (twisted pair, pair ratios, wire arrangement, etc.) is of no importance here so there is no real reason to use more than a single conductor. If anything this might just confuse the next person working on it.

If it were my house, I would not use this. Thermostat wire is cheap, safe and proven. The savings by using leftover cable is easily exceeded if this setup fails (needs replacement), or worse yet, causes damage to your furnace, thermostat or house.

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CAT6 = #24 AWG, HVAC cable is #18 AWG. Are you sure #24 can carry the load? –  Tester101 Jan 13 '12 at 22:56
    
Your concerns are noted. The Ethernet has been wired up and working like a charm. There's not much heat to worry about since all the wiring is in an open attic and the furnace sits in the garage which is always cold. Also, I spliced into the existing t-stat line near the furnace and just tied into there so the Ethernet isn't even in the furnace. –  Metro Smurf Jan 13 '12 at 23:18
    
@Tester101 - the wiring is plenum rated. Does that matter? –  Metro Smurf Jan 13 '12 at 23:25
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@Tester101, This table gives the ampacity of 24AWG as 0.577A in a bundle, compared to 2.3A for 18AWG, and 3.5A in free air. So the question is whether the low voltage loads (probably relay coils) switched by the thermostat are drawing as much as 577 mA if a single conductor is used, or about 1.1A if two are used in parallel. In any case, typical 24V relay coils are usually designed to draw well under than 100mA, so even a single conductor is likely to be safe, but if in doubt it would be easy to measure with a multi-meter. –  RBerteig Jan 13 '12 at 23:55
    
Just FYI, the power over ethernet spec (of course primarily pertaining to I.T. equipment but still applies here) is rated for 15.4 W of power, minimum 44VDC @ 350mA for that but the fact remains 24V shoudln't be a problem as long as it's kept under 640mA (I would keep it under 320 to be safe but that's just me). –  BigHomie Jan 15 '13 at 17:10

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